HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
'Electric' fish shed light on ways the brain directs movement

otion.

"These fish are ideal both because we can easily monitor the sensing signals that their brains use and because the task we asked the fish to do -- swim forward and backward inside a small tube -- is very simple and straightforward," said Fortune, who also uses the fish to study the neural basis and evolution of behavior.

The fish prefer to "hide" inside these tubes, which are immersed in larger water tanks. In their research, Cowan and Fortune challenged the fish's ability to remain hidden by shifting the tubes forward and backward at varying frequencies. This required the fish to swim back and forth more and more rapidly in order to remain inside the tubes. But as the frequency became higher, the fish gradually failed to keep up with the movement of the tubes.

The team's detailed engineering analysis of the fish's adjustments under these conditions suggested that the animal's sensors and brains are "tuned" to consider Newton's laws of motion, Cowan said. In other words, the team found that the fish's nervous systems measured velocity, so the fish could accelerate or "brake" at just the right rate to remain within the moving tube.

"The fish were able to accelerate, brake and reverse direction based on a cascade of adjustments made through their sensory and nervous systems, in the same way that a driver approaching a red light knows he has to apply the brakes ahead of time to avoid overshooting and ending up in the middle of a busy intersection," Fortune said. "Your brain has to do this all the time when controlling movement because your body and limbs, like a car, have mass. This is true for large motions that require planning, such as driving a car, but also for unconscious control of all movements, such as reaching for a cup of coffee. Without this sort of predictive control, your hand would knock the cup off the table every time."

The researchers' understanding of the complex relationship bet
'"/>

Contact: Lisa De Nike
LDE@jhu.edu
443-287-9960
Johns Hopkins University
31-Jan-2007


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Other highlights in the Aug. 7 JNCI
2. Research team enlightens the reasons for severe blindness
3. Coelacanth fossil sheds light on fin-to-limb evolution
4. Molecule blocks gene, sheds light on liver cancer
5. ESA mission highlighted at remote sensing conference
6. Surprising new species of light-harvesting bacterium discovered in Yellowstone
7. Other highlights in the July 24 JNCI
8. Enzyme discovery sheds light on vitamin D
9. Study sheds light on why humans walk on two legs
10. Other highlights from the July 10 JNCI
11. Internal clock, external light regulate plant growth

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Electric fish shed light ways the brain directs movement

(Date:8/17/2015)... Aug. 17, 2015  NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... focused on the growing mobile commerce market and creator ... campaign for Q4 2015. The new marketing campaign is ... of Amplitude Marketing Group ( http://amplitudemarketing.com/ ) and TPMG ... a leader in retail driven marketing and brand awareness ...
(Date:8/11/2015)... GOTHENBURG, Sweden , August 11, 2015 ... sensor FPC1155. Already received as well as expected revenues in 2015 ... included in FPC,s communicated revenue guidance of approximately 2,200 MSEK for ... is a prominent smartphone manufacturer ... ZUK selected FPC1 155 ...
(Date:8/6/2015)... JOSE, Calif. , Aug. 6, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... leading developer of human interface solutions, today announced ... TouchPad technologies on Windows 10. Microsoft leveraged Synaptics, ... to the operating system. Through ... drivers are fully certified with Microsoft,s Precision TouchPad ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NXT-ID, Inc. Launches Sales Campaign for Wocket Smart Wallet with Award Winning Marketing Team 2NXT-ID, Inc. Launches Sales Campaign for Wocket Smart Wallet with Award Winning Marketing Team 3FPC's Touch Fingerprint Sensor FPC1155 in ZUK's Smartphone Z1 2Synaptics Chosen for Human Interface Co-Development on Windows 10 2
(Date:9/2/2015)... , Sept. 2, 2015 Axovant Sciences Ltd. ... treatment of dementia, today announced upcoming presentations at three investor ... at the Baird 2015 Healthcare Conference in New ... , Thursday, September 10 at 2:00 PM at the BioCentury ... the Millennium Broadway Hotel & Conference Center , Thursday, ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... Ill. (PRWEB) , ... September ... ... leading provider of regulatory compliance, quality systems, analytical testing, education and consulting ... firm with expertise in medical device products/processes development, design control, validation, quality ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... Sep. 02, 2015 ... the addition of Jain PharmaBiotech,s new report ... to their offering. This report ... technologies and applications. The report starts with a ... of markets. Technologies include array comparative genomic hybridization ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... 02, 2015 Research ... addition of Jain PharmaBiotech,s new report "Biomarkers ... offering. This report follows the broad ... can be objectively measured and evaluated as an ... well as pharmacological responses to a therapeutic intervention. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Axovant Sciences To Present At Upcoming Investor Conferences 2Axovant Sciences To Present At Upcoming Investor Conferences 3NSF International Strengthens Medical Device Consulting With Acquisition of Avarent LLC 2NSF International Strengthens Medical Device Consulting With Acquisition of Avarent LLC 3NSF International Strengthens Medical Device Consulting With Acquisition of Avarent LLC 4NSF International Strengthens Medical Device Consulting With Acquisition of Avarent LLC 5NSF International Strengthens Medical Device Consulting With Acquisition of Avarent LLC 6NSF International Strengthens Medical Device Consulting With Acquisition of Avarent LLC 7Global Biochips and Microarrays Technologies, Markets and Companies Report 2015 with Market Size in 2014 and Projected Value for the Years 2019 and 2024 2Updated 2015 Biomarkers Report - Latest Technologies, Markets and Companies Insights to 2024 with over 1,000 References 2Updated 2015 Biomarkers Report - Latest Technologies, Markets and Companies Insights to 2024 with over 1,000 References 3
Cached News: