Environmental metagenomics diagnosing extreme environments, tapping opportunities for clean energy

In his recent State of the Union speech President Bush said technology is the best way to break the nation's addiction to oil. The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) is directing the technology of DNA sequencing to scan the environment for processes that will lead to cheaper and easier to produce biofuels.

"Through DNA sequencing and the tools of molecular biology we can generate diagnostic fingerprints, Environmental Genomic Tags or EGTs, that provide a metabolic profile of any environment, even such extreme conditions as acid mine drainage," says Edward M. Rubin, DOE JGI Director. "We can then survey this vast catalog of biodiversity and harness the microbial pathways that catalyze the conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks, such as wood chips, crop residue, and various grasses, into cleaner sources of energy." One of the systems that DOE JGI characterizing is the microbial community inhabiting the termite hindgut, among nature's most efficient bioreactors--capable of generating two liters of hydrogen from fermenting just one sheet of paper.

Rubin will discuss these advances on a panel entitled "Biosphere Monitoring and Ecosystem Forecasts: Sensing the Pulse of the Planet," organized by Stan Wullschleger and Thomas Wilbanks of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Annual Meeting, Friday, February 17 from 8:30 am to 11:30 am, at the Renaissance Hotel, Majestic C, 800 Washington Avenue, St. Louis, MO. The session will also highlight advanced sensing technologies, biosphere monitoring platforms, and ecosystem forecast models for predicting the impacts of climate change. For a full session description, see: http://php.aaas.org/meetings/MPE_01.php?detail=974

"Environmental systems are extremely complex, harboring numerous diverse species coexisting in a single niche," says Rubin. "The challen

Contact: David Gilbert
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Winner of Tyler Environmental Prize announced
2. Environmental markets theme for February meeting in Houston
3. USGS at Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
4. Environmental toxicology experts to convene at Penn symposium
5. Symposium Environmental Change in Siberia -- Insights From Earth Observation and Modeling
6. Environmental toxins may cause bodys defenses to worsen lung disease
7. Global Environmental Change: Regional Challenges
8. Comparative Environmental Politics
9. Penn receives $4 million to establish a Center of Excellence in Environmental Toxicology
10. Environmental tobacco smoke linked to behavior problems in children and pre-teens
11. Environmental triggers may promote human genetic variation

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/31/2014)... received two major government grants totaling nearly $28 million. ... to continue two major foci of study, one involving ... precision medicine. , The first, a combined grant from ... National Institute for Mental Health for $16.5 million, will ... CEGS. , The second grant, for $11.3 million, is ...
(Date:10/31/2014)... early 1900s, Brazil was the world,s largest producer of ... in a 800, 000 ha region of rainforest in ... native shade trees. Whereas the surrounding rainforest was a ... from a handful of seeds introduced in the mid ... to Brazilian scientist Gonçalo Pereira, "This scenario created a ...
(Date:10/31/2014)... musk deer still live in Nuristan Province – some ... Musk deer scent glands are more valuable than gold ... journal Oryx , NEW YORK (October 31, ... confirmed sighting, a strange deer with vampire-like fangs still ... according to a research team led by the Wildlife ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Transforming 'big data' into knowledge 2Transforming 'big data' into knowledge 3Scientists seek cure for devastating witches' broom disease of the chocolate tree 2Scientists seek cure for devastating witches' broom disease of the chocolate tree 3Strange, fanged deer persists in Afghanistan 2
(Date:11/1/2014)... 2014 With a big vote looming just ... Films releases "The 3 Key Reasons For Labeling GMOs ... Battersby. The guide brings a clear philosophical perspective to ... World Films' The Walk A Mile Project. , “When it ... of noise right now,” says Battersby. “From a rational, ...
(Date:11/1/2014)... 31, 2014 /CNW Telbec/ - JSS Medical Research Inc. is pleased ... , received the 2014 EY Entrepreneur Of The Year Quebec Health ... . " We are proud that John has ... says Dr. Michel Cimon , Member of the Board. " ... to healthcare stakeholders is what makes them a true industry leader. ...
(Date:11/1/2014)... -- AtheroNova Inc. (OTCBB: AHRO), a biotech company focused on ... atherosclerotic plaque and improve lipid profiles in humans, today ... 4,000,000 shares of common stock, with each share of ... purchase one share of common stock.  The securities were ... per share of common stock and $0.00001 per warrant. ...
(Date:11/1/2014)... 31, 2014 Everett Laboratories, Inc., and Quinnova ... business as Exeltis in the U.S. market. This renaming ... Dermatology therapeutic areas. As a result, Everett ... , Inc., and Quinnova Pharmaceuticals, LLC, has been ... effective immediately. Both companies have rebranded to the Exeltis ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Change The World Films Releases “The 3 Key Reasons For Labeling GMOs” 2Dr. John S. Sampalis receives EY Entrepreneur Of The Year 2014 - Quebec Health Sciences Award 2AtheroNova Announces Closing of Public Offering of Common Stock and Warrants 2AtheroNova Announces Closing of Public Offering of Common Stock and Warrants 3Everett Laboratories And Quinnova Pharmaceuticals Start To Operate As Exeltis Brand 2
Cached News: