HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Everything in its place: Researchers identify brain cells used to categorize images

Boston, MA -- Socks in the sock drawer, shirts in the shirt drawer, the time-honored lessons of helping organize one's clothes learned in youth. But what parts of the brain are used to encode such categories as socks, shirts or any other item, and how does such learning take place?

New research from Harvard Medical School (HMS) investigators has identified an area of the brain where such memories are found. They report in the advanced online Nature that they have identified neurons that assist in categorizing visual stimuli. They found that the activity of neurons in a part of the brain called the parietal cortex encode the category, or meaning, of familiar visual images and that brain activity patterns changed dramatically as a result of learning. Their results suggest that categories are encoded by the activity of individual neurons (brain cells) and that the parietal cortex is a part of the brain circuitry that learns and recognizes the meaning of the things that we see.

"It was previously unknown that parietal cortex activity would show such dramatic changes as a result of learning new categories," says lead author David Freedman, PhD, HMS postdoctoral research fellow in neurobiology. "Some areas of the brain, particularly the frontal and temporal lobes, have been associated with visual categorization. Since these brain areas are all interconnected, an important next step will be to determine their relative roles in the categorization process."

We are not born with a built-in ability to recognize categories like table, chair, and camera. Instead, most categories such as these are learned through experience. Categories are a cornerstone of complex behavior, because they give meaning to the sights and sounds around us. For example, if you are told that a new electronic gadget is a telephone, this instantly provides a great deal of information about its relevant parts (speaker, microphone, keypad for dialing, etc.) and functions.

Whil
'"/>

Contact: John Lacey
public_affairs@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0442
Harvard Medical School
27-Aug-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Everything starts with recognition
2. Researchers find pathway that controls cell size and division
3. Researchers watch antibiotics, bacteria meet at atomic level
4. Researchers discover gene responsible for Restless Legs Syndrome
5. Researchers witness natural selection at work in dramatic comeback of male butterflies
6. Researchers discover human embryonic stem cells are the ultimate perpetual fuel cell
7. Researchers use new approach to predict protein function
8. Researchers probe risks, benefits of folic acid fortification
9. Researchers identify genetic mutation that may alter tumor cell proliferation
10. Researchers discover method for identifying how cancer evades the immune system
11. Researchers use adult stem cells to create soft tissue

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:7/10/2020)... ... July 08, 2020 , ... ... and Gene Therapy Regulation, An FDAnews Webinar, Wednesday, July 22, 2020 • 1:30 ... study, but what is the most effective way to complete one? Will the ...
(Date:7/4/2020)... ... , ... Aesthetics Biomedical (ABM), a leading aesthetics product development ... the products and treatments developed, but also the dedicated team behind the brands ... built by ABM have received several honors already for 2020, each of which ...
(Date:7/2/2020)... ... July 02, 2020 , ... ... detailing the use of its revolutionary NEXTGENPCR endpoint thermocycler to test for ... minutes. The article, titled "Ultra-fast one-step RT-PCR protocol for the detection of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/12/2020)... ... August 11, 2020 , ... The FSHD Society ... Muscular Dystrophy Clinical Trial Research Network (FSHD CTRN), with consideration of ... a consortium of academic research centers in the United States and Europe with ...
(Date:8/12/2020)... BINGHAM FARMS, Mich. (PRWEB) , ... August 12, ... ... International Consulting Group, Inc. (EMMA International), a global leader in FDA compliance ... ranking of the nation’s fastest-growing private companies. The list represents a unique look ...
(Date:8/3/2020)... ... August 03, 2020 , ... ERT, ... President and CEO has been named one of the 100 most inspiring individuals ... PharmaVoice 100 honorees are selected based on how they have inspired their colleagues ...
(Date:7/31/2020)... Ariz. (PRWEB) , ... July 29, 2020 , ... R3 ... joint injections for only $3950. With 50 million stem cells total, patients may choose ... stem cell therapy works for arthritic joints (BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016). At R3 International, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: