Fetal heart-cell enzyme important in onset of heart failure

trols the growth and multiplication of cells. Inpp5f is also related to tumor-suppressor genes involved in cancer.

"HDAC and Inpp5f give us new targets for regulating cardiac hypertrophy," says Epstein. "Inhibitors of HDAC may warrant testing for cardiac disease to stop the hypertrophy that accompanies the re-expression of the fetal-gene program."

HDAC inhibitors are already in trials for cancer and one, valproic acid, has been used for years to treat seizures. Most CHF medications are aimed at regulating blood pressure, but very few are targeted at the heart-muscle cells themselves. About 5 million Americans are living with CHF today, according to the American Heart Association.

"To understand how to better treat heart disease at the cellular level is an important next step," says Epstein.


Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

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