HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
First impressions: Computer model behaves like humans on visual categorization task

Computers can usually out-compute the human brain, but there are some tasks, such as visual object recognition, that the brain performs easily yet are very challenging for computers. The brain has a much more sophisticated and swift visual processing system than even the most advanced artificial vision system, giving us an uncanny ability to extract salient information after just a glimpse that is presumably too fleeting for conscious thought. To explore this phenomenon, neuroscientists have long used rapid categorization tasks, in which subjects indicate whether an object from a specific class (such as an animal) is present or not in the image.

Now, in a new MIT study, a computer model designed to mimic the way the brain itself processes visual information performs as well as humans do on rapid categorization tasks. The model even tends to make similar errors as humans, possibly because it so closely follows the organization of the brain's visual system.

"We created a model that takes into account a host of quantitative anatomical and physiological data about visual cortex and tries to simulate what happens in the first 100 milliseconds or so after we see an object," explained senior author Tomaso Poggio of the McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT. "This is the first time a model has been able to reproduce human behavior on that kind of task." The study, issued on line in advance of the April 10, 2007 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), stems from a collaboration between computational neuroscientists in Poggio's lab and Aude Oliva, a cognitive neuroscientist in the MIT Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences.

This new study supports a longheld hypothesis that rapid categorization happens without any feedback from cognitive or other areas of the brain. The results also indicate that the model can help neuroscientists make predictions and drive new experiments to explore brain mechanisms involved in hum
'"/>

Contact: Laurie Ledeen
ledeen@mit.edu
617-324-0134
McGovern Institute for Brain Research
2-Apr-2007


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. First case of successful ovarian tissue transplantation between two, nonidentical sisters
2. First new multiple sclerosis gene found in 30 years
3. First genome-wide study of infectious disease opens new avenues for HIV treatment, vaccines
4. First all-African produced genetically engineered maize is resistant to maize streak virus
5. First baby is born after oocytes were matured in the lab and frozen
6. First confirmed common genetic risk factors for breast cancer
7. First demonstration of new hair follicle generation in an animal model
8. First research to show that diabetes damages DNA in mens sperm and may affect fertility
9. First demonstration of muscle restoration in an animal model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy
10. First systematic study of Chinas one-child policy reveals complexity, effectiveness
11. First international conference on self-healing materials

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/26/2015)... , August 26, 2015 The ... and Five Factor), Application (Travel & Immigration, Government, Banking, ... Global Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, Multi-Factor Authentication ... 2020, growing at a CAGR of 17.7% between 2015 ... 82 F igures spread through 169 ...
(Date:8/25/2015)... LAKE CITY and BELLEVUE, Wash. ... global leader in advanced robotic systems, announced today it ... robotic unmanned ground vehicle (UGV), at the National Tactical ... City.  The Guardian S is the ... the culmination of years of research and in-field trials ...
(Date:8/24/2015)... TOWN, South Africa , August 24, 2015 ... Germany ,s largest biometrics manufacturer DERMALOG and ... with the "2015 African Biometrics Company of the Year ... in Nigeria .   -Cross ... and http://www.presseportal.de/nr/8896 - On Thursday evening, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Multi-Factor Authentication Market Worth 9.60 Billion USD by 2020 2Multi-Factor Authentication Market Worth 9.60 Billion USD by 2020 3Multi-Factor Authentication Market Worth 9.60 Billion USD by 2020 4Multi-Factor Authentication Market Worth 9.60 Billion USD by 2020 5Sarcos to Debut First-of-its-Kind Snake Robot 2Sarcos to Debut First-of-its-Kind Snake Robot 3Frost & Sullivan Honors DERMALOG with Biometrics Prize for Achievements in Africa 2Frost & Sullivan Honors DERMALOG with Biometrics Prize for Achievements in Africa 3
(Date:8/26/2015)... ... 26, 2015 , ... Lee Biosolutions, a global biotech healthcare ... of highly valued cardiac markers used in early detection of heart disease due ... has led to the development and commercialization of important cardiac biomarkers used in ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... GERMANTOWN, Md. , Aug. 26, 2015 ... synthetic biology, announced today the closing of its previously ... in full by the underwriters of their option to ... the public offering price of $41.00 per share.  The ... of shares of common stock sold by Intrexon to ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... , August 26, 2015 After litigating ... Europlasma NV relating to P2i United States ... their dispute in the United States ... the part of either party. As a result of the ... of California dismissed the case without ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... ... 26, 2015 , ... The 2015 Epigenomics & Metabolomics Meeting in ... Asymmetrex to share the first report on progress with its crowdsourcing campaign ... adult tissue stem cells. , With a name like “H2A.Z asymmetry,” the new biomarker ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Lee Biosolutions Announces Increased Investment in the Development and Manufacturing of Biomarkers Used in Early Detection Of Heart Disease 2Intrexon Announces Closing of $230 Million Public Offering of Common Stock including Full Exercise of Underwriters' Option to Purchase Additional Shares 2Intrexon Announces Closing of $230 Million Public Offering of Common Stock including Full Exercise of Underwriters' Option to Purchase Additional Shares 3Intrexon Announces Closing of $230 Million Public Offering of Common Stock including Full Exercise of Underwriters' Option to Purchase Additional Shares 4P2i Settles United States Litigation 2Asymmetrex Reports Positive Indicators for Crowdsourcing Campaign to Evaluate New Biomarker for Counting Adult Tissue Stem Cells for the First Time 2Asymmetrex Reports Positive Indicators for Crowdsourcing Campaign to Evaluate New Biomarker for Counting Adult Tissue Stem Cells for the First Time 3Asymmetrex Reports Positive Indicators for Crowdsourcing Campaign to Evaluate New Biomarker for Counting Adult Tissue Stem Cells for the First Time 4
Cached News: