HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
First molecular simulation of a long DNA strand shows unexpected flexibility

It turns out that sequencing the human genome determining the order of DNA building blocks -- has not completely cracked the code of how DNA directs various cellular processes. In addition to the sequence of the base pairs, the instructions are in the packaging how DNA is folded within a cell.

Virginia Tech researchers used novel methodology and the universitys System X supercomputer to carry out what is probably the first simulation that explores full range of motions of a DNA strand of 147 base pairs, the length that is required to form the fundamental unit of DNA packing in the living cells -- the nucleosome. Contrary to a long-held belief that DNA is hard to bend, the simulation shows in crisp atomic detail that DNA is considerably more flexible than commonly thought.

The research is published in the December issue of the Biophysical Journal, in the article A Computational Study of Nucleosomal DNA Flexibility, by Jory Zmuda Ruscio of Leesburg, Va., a Ph.D. student in the Genetics, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Program at Virginia Tech, and Alexey Onufriev of Blacksburg, assistant professor of computer sciences and physics at Virginia Tech. They have been invited to do a platform presentation at the 51st Biophysical Society Annual Meeting in Baltimore in March.

There is about 12 feet of DNA in a human cell but it is packaged into nucleosomes lengths of 147 base pairs each wrapped around eight special proteins. A nucleosome looks kind of like the lumpy beginning of a rubber-band ball. Or maybe more like a lumpy worm coil. Uncoiled, the worm wiggles, flexes, and even kinks, according to a simulation performed on System X.

As we know from watching forensic detective shows on TV, the DNA in all of an individuals cells is identical. The DNA in fingernail cells is exactly the same as in muscle. Yet the cells are different. This is because, roughly speaking, the DNA in different cell types is packed differently
'"/>

Contact: Susan Trulove
STrulove@vt.edu
540-231-5646
Virginia Tech
6-Dec-2006


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. First case of successful ovarian tissue transplantation between two, nonidentical sisters
2. First new multiple sclerosis gene found in 30 years
3. First genome-wide study of infectious disease opens new avenues for HIV treatment, vaccines
4. First all-African produced genetically engineered maize is resistant to maize streak virus
5. First baby is born after oocytes were matured in the lab and frozen
6. First confirmed common genetic risk factors for breast cancer
7. First demonstration of new hair follicle generation in an animal model
8. First research to show that diabetes damages DNA in mens sperm and may affect fertility
9. First demonstration of muscle restoration in an animal model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy
10. First systematic study of Chinas one-child policy reveals complexity, effectiveness
11. First international conference on self-healing materials

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/27/2021)... ... March 25, 2021 , ... Phlexglobal announced ... Planet Group, has selected Phlexglobal and its innovative regulatory SaaS software, PhlexSubmission, as ... a comprehensive review of five regulatory software companies, with the review team including ...
(Date:3/27/2021)... ... 25, 2021 , ... The 2021 Virtual Conference on Clinical Trial Supply-Europe ... More and more, clinical trial supply conferences are featuring speakers and forums that ... Asymmetrex’s founder and CEO, James L. Sherley, M.D., Ph.D., presented a talk ...
(Date:3/23/2021)... ... March 23, 2021 , ... G-CON Manufacturing (G-CON), the ... by Matica Biotechnology (Matica Bio), a contract development and manufacturing organization (CDMO) specializing ... the cleanroom build out for its new GMP production facility in College Station, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/27/2021)... ... March 24, 2021 , ... ... Life Sciences and Healthcare firms of all sizes, adds depth to its team ... specialist. Pardillo, who earned his doctorate in computational chemistry from Florida International University ...
(Date:3/27/2021)... ... March 24, 2021 , ... ABI Wellness, ... and reporting approach designed under CEO Mark Watson, today announced a webinar dedicated ... featuring guest speakers Dr. Cameron Clark, Neuropsychologist and Founder of Sharp Thinking, and ...
(Date:3/27/2021)... ... ... The Xtalks editorial team is pleased to announce the launch of the ... joined by editorial team members Ayesha Rashid, Sydney Perelmutter and Mira Nabulsi to discuss ... including insights from industry experts. , The Xtalks Life Science podcast will feature ...
(Date:3/23/2021)... Conn. (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2021 , ... ... develops solutions for characterizing microbiome populations down to the strain level, recently unveiled ... applications. , Not all microbes are created equal: some are easy to ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: