Fish and chips: A fast track to understanding blood development

What do you get when you mix RNA chips and zebrafish? A new two-stage method for studying human gene expression differs in human stem cells and progenitor cells, according to a new article in the open access journal PLoS Biology. In the paper, Catherine Verfaillie and colleagues identify 277 human genes with different gene expression profiles in stem and progenitor cells involved in blood cell development, or hematopoiesis. The paper also suggests that a developmental regulator called fibroblast growth factor may play a role in hematopoiesis.

The new method may also have relevance beyond the field of blood development. "This could be done not only for hematopoietic stem cells as is done here but also for brain, pancreas, endothelium, smooth and cardiac muscle, because of the high homology between man and fish in development of these tissues," explains Verfaillie.

The RNA transcript microarray, or "RNA chip," allowed Verfaillie and colleagues to compare gene expression in cell cultures with many or few hematopoietic stem cells. Previously, the authors had developed a method to harvest stem cells using bone marrow and blood from umbilical cords. Sixty-one of the 277 genes found to have different expressions profiles in stem and progenitor cells had no known function in human hematopoietic stem cells, though the genes do resemble genes found in zebrafish. Fish with mutated versions of fourteen of these genes developed blood disorders, suggesting that the genes are necessary for normal hematopoiesis. Three of the 14 genes are known to play a role in fibroblast growth factor signaling. In the future, researchers may learn the specific relationship between fibroblast growth factor and hematopoiesis.

But Verfaillie stresses that the study has implications for researchers in various fields. "This is one of the first examples in the literature where high-throughput gene expression analysis using gene arrays has been functionally validated by

Contact: Paul Ocampo
Public Library of Science

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Satellite tracking reveals threats to Borneo pygmy elephants
2. Satellite tracking will help answer questions about penguin travels
3. Species detectives track unseen evolution
4. Better sleep may put Huntingtons disease sufferers back on track
5. Biovest announces interim blinded data of fast-tracked pivotal Phase 3 clinical trial of BiovaxID
6. TU Delft tracks the influence of a cancer inhibitor on a single DNA molecule
7. Researchers track snakes to study populations, behavior
8. Researchers track how spores break out of dormant state
9. Salmon tracking program expands to California
10. Simple equations track Listeria trails
11. Bat flight generates complex aerodynamic tracks

Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/17/2015)... Nov. 17, 2015 Pressure BioSciences, Inc. (OTCQB: ... development and sale of broadly enabling, pressure cycling technology ... industry, today announced it has received gross proceeds of ... Private Placement (the "Offering"), increasing the total amount raised ... more additional closings are expected in the near future. ...
(Date:11/12/2015)... Nov. 12, 2015  Arxspan has entered into ... and Harvard for use of its ArxLab cloud-based ... tools. The partnership will support the institute,s efforts ... chemical research information internally and with external collaborators. ... for managing the Institute,s electronic laboratory notebook, compound ...
(Date:11/10/2015)... LONDON , Nov. 10, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... segmented on the basis of product, type, ... segments included in this report are consumables, ... this report are safety biomarkers, efficacy biomarkers, ... in this report are diagnostics development, drug ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... Nov. 24, 2015  Twist Bioscience, a company ... Leproust, Ph.D., Twist Bioscience chief executive officer, will ... on December 1, 2015 at 3:10 p.m. Eastern ... City. --> --> ... Twist Bioscience is on Twitter. Sign up to ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Switzerland (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... InSphero ... organotypic 3D cell culture models, has promoted Melanie Aregger to serve as Chief Operating ... Ms. Aregger served on the management team and was promoted to Head ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... QC , Nov. 24, 2015 /CNW Telbec/ - ProMetic ... "Corporation") announced today that Mr. Pierre Laurin , President ... corporate presentation at the upcoming Piper Jaffray 27 th ... Palace Hotel, on December 1-2, 2015. st ... available for one-on-one meetings throughout the day. The presentation will ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... HemoShear Therapeutics, LLC, a privately held ... disorders, announced today the appointment of H. ... (BOD). Mr. Watkins is the former president and ... and also served as the chairman of the ... Chairman and CEO of HemoShear Therapeutics. "The combination ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: