HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
From a lowly yeast, researchers divine a clue to human disease

MADISON --Working with a common form of brewer's yeast, University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers have uncovered novel functions of a key protein that allow it to act as a master regulatory switch -- a control that determines gene activity and that, when malfunctioning in humans, may contribute to serious neurological disorders.

The work, published in the Dec. 8 issue of the journal Molecular Cell, shows how a mutation in a single gene can have widespread effects on regulation of the genetic program in a cell, causing some genes to be read more than normal and others less than normal.

While nearly every cell in an organism contains a complete set of DNA, each individual cell uses only a small fraction of that information at any given moment, explains David Brow, the senior author of the new study and a professor of biomolecular chemistry in the UW School of Medicine and Public Health. A host of proteins are responsible for controlling which genetic messages are read and how much of the information is used. Working with yeast, Brow and his colleagues show that a protein called Sen1 plays an important early role in this process.

Mutations in the human version of Sen1 are linked to neurological diseases, including a rare form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease, and movement disorders. By exploring how Sen1 works in yeast, Brow provides a powerful tool other researchers can use to better understand the interplay of the protein and gene regulation in human disease.

"This work gives a method to start examining what the defect is in humans," he says.

In the past, says Brow, researchers looked at regulation of individual genes but not the whole genome at once. Using yeast, a small and relatively simple organism, the Wisconsin group developed a method to get a broad view of how Sen1 works and what happens when it doesn't work properly.

Normally, Sen1 acts like a molecular
'"/>

Contact: David Brow
dabrow@wisc.edu
608-262-1475
University of Wisconsin-Madison
7-Dec-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Human proteins evolving slowly thanks to multitasking genes
2. Tibetan antelope slowly recovering, WCS says
3. Walk slowly for weight loss, according to University of Colorado study
4. Vitamin extends life in yeast, Dartmouth Medical School researchers find
5. Food additive inhibits longevity enzyme in yeast, increases cell toxicity, new study finds
6. Examination of internal wiring of yeast, worm, and fly reveals conserved circuits
7. For yeast, a DNA break ensures sex switch for a grandchild
8. Innovative tagging technique may help researchers better protect fish stocks
9. Penn researchers discover how key protein stops inflammation
10. ASU researchers partner with UOP to make biofuel for military jets a reality
11. Einstein researchers prototype vaccine could provide improved protection against tuberculosis

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: From lowly yeast researchers divine clue human disease

(Date:10/15/2014)... have linked increased resistance to bacterial pneumonia in female ... hormone estrogen. , Females are naturally more resistant to ... scientists has shown that increased resistance to bacterial pneumonia ... oxide synthase 3 (NOS3). They also show that this ... female sex hormone estrogen. , The team, lead by ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... shows SIRT6—a protein known to inhibit the growth ... skin cancers by turning on an enzyme that increases ... Previously considered protective, SIRT6 is part of a family ... stability and prevent some of the genetic flaws associated ... lead to cancer. This study, in the journal,s October ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... oil supplements, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, do not reduce ... the heart can beat as fast as 150 beats a ... Montreal Heart Institute were published in the Journal of ... For the trial, 337 patients with atrial fibrillation not receiving ... fish oil a day or to placebo for up to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Two-faced gene: SIRT6 prevents some cancers but promotes sun-induced skin cancer 2
(Date:10/20/2014)... Inc. (TSXV: BRM) ("Biorem" or "the Company") today announced four new ... and provides a good start to Q4.  The orders are for ... and one in the Middle East . ... Peter Bruijns , President & CEO. "Total bidding activity and ... have been for any complete year since the company has tracked ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... 20, 2014 OncLive® ... Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University has joined ... the Strategic Alliance Partnership program, the Sidney Kimmel ... to raise awareness of the Center’s cutting-edge research ... projects. Clinicians and other health care professionals from ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... OCTOBER 20-22, 2014: The 9th Annual ... take place at the Congress Center Basel, ... now available at http://www.abim.ch . ... from all over the globe will exchange ... products and developments on the world market. ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market report defines and segments the ... of revenue. This market is estimated to grow from ... at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 23.9% ... of the Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market report to get ... provides a glimpse of the segmentation in the market, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 2Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 3The Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market is estimated to reach $208 million by 2019 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market is estimated to reach $208 million by 2019 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asia-Pacific Speech Analytics market is estimated to reach $208 million by 2019 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 4
Cached News: