HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
From gene discovery to preventing eye disease in retinitis pigmentosa

(Philadelphia, PA) -- Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is an inherited eye disease that causes visual disability leading to blindness. Over the last 15 years, researchers have pinpointed defects in dozens of genes causing different forms of RP. Surprisingly, patients with the same genetic defect can show different severities of vision loss and rates of disease progression. This effect is most dramatic across the retina of some individuals where regions with normal vision can abut regions of no vision. Environmental factors have been near the top of the suspect list for this variation in severity. An environmental factor experienced by all, but to varying extents, is exposure to light bright lights have been previously speculated to accelerate certain forms of RP.

Now, investigators from the University of Pennsylvania and Cornell University provide evidence for retinal injury caused by moderate light exposure in dogs with a mutation in the rhodopsin gene. Since the blindness in these dogs mimics that observed in human RP caused by mutations in the rhodopsin gene, the investigators strongly recommend limiting excess light exposure in these patients.

"Rhodopsin is the light-catching molecule within rod photoreceptor cells that afford us with night vision," says Artur V. Cideciyan, PhD, Research Associate Professor of Ophthalmology at Penn's Scheie Eye Institute, and lead author of the current study published online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

"About 100 mutations in the rhodopsin gene have been shown to cause RP but our understanding of the steps between mutant proteins and death of rod photoreceptors remains incomplete," says Cideciyan. "What we know is that there are at least two ways in which rhodopsin mutations lead to blindness. Some mutations destroy vision in early life and children are left with only impaired day vision, which then disappears. In other mutations, night vision can be present throughout life
'"/>

Contact: Olivia Fermano
olivia.fermano@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5653
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
22-Mar-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Enzyme discovery sheds light on vitamin D
2. New proteomics research promises to revolutionize biomedical discovery
3. MU researchers make discovery in molecular mechanics of phototropism
4. International team to honor 30th anniversary of deep-sea vent discovery in Galpagos
5. Screening approach leads to discovery of gene linked to breast cancer
6. Lucky 13 as new gene discovery offers further hope for childhood blindness
7. Plants that produce more vitamin C may result from UCLA-Dartmouth discovery
8. Biting discovery: MU entomologist finds host of new aquatic insect species in Thailand
9. J&JPRD discovery may lead to new treatments for chronic sensitivity, pain caused by cold
10. Protein enables discovery of quantum effect in photosynthesis
11. Unicellular microRNA discovery

Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/23/2015)... 2015 Research and ... the "Body-Worn Temperature Sensors Market - Global ... 2014 - 2020" report to their offering. ... the global body-worn temperature sensors market. The global ... the basis of types, care setting, patient demographic, ...
(Date:6/23/2015)... Fla. , June 23, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... management and authentication solutions, today announced enhanced functionality ... multi-factor authentication solution.  The enhancements build on ... of the DigitalPersona Altus platform and provide ... compatibility. In today,s environment of ...
(Date:6/18/2015)... -- NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the ... commerce market announces that its Wocket® smart wallet will be ... Mark", scheduled to air on WABC Radio (am770) in ... The broadcast air- time for the extensive ... NXT-ID, Inc.,s CEO Gino Pereira will be discussing ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Body-Worn Temperature Sensors Market - Global Industry Analysis 2Crossmatch Releases Enhanced DigitalPersona Altus Advanced Authentication Functionality 2NXT-ID, Inc.'s CEO Gino Pereira Talks About the Wocket Smart Wallet on WABC Radio, New York City, June 20th 2NXT-ID, Inc.'s CEO Gino Pereira Talks About the Wocket Smart Wallet on WABC Radio, New York City, June 20th 3
(Date:6/30/2015)... ... June 30, 2015 , ... ... will provide new insights on mechanics of fecal microbiota transplantation in C. difficile ... study the microbiome of patients undergoing fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) as a treatment ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... June 30, 2015  The University of California, ... (CCE/Bio) and UC San Diego Extension announced their ... held Aug.  12 – 14, 2015, at UC ... workshop provides an intense exposure to best practices ... is well-suited to biologists, process engineers and business ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... ... June 30, 2015 , ... ... launching SmartArch — a revolutionary new archwire that allows orthodontists to simultaneously apply ... evidence of the efficacy of SmartArch. “We’re thrilled about taking SmartArch one step ...
(Date:6/29/2015)... ... June 29, 2015 , ... The global microfluidics market ... forecast period (2015 to 2020). The market is mainly driven by the rising ... for R&D. However, lack of adequate healthcare and research infrastructure in emerging markets, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:uBiome and OpenBiome Partner for Microbiome Study in FMT Patients 2uBiome and OpenBiome Partner for Microbiome Study in FMT Patients 3UC San Diego Extension to Offer Third Annual Microbial Fermentation Workshop 2New case studies for SmartArch orthodontic archwire paves way to product launch later this year 2Microfluidics Market Growing at 19.3% CAGR To 2020 – New research available at ReportsnReports.com 2Microfluidics Market Growing at 19.3% CAGR To 2020 – New research available at ReportsnReports.com 3Microfluidics Market Growing at 19.3% CAGR To 2020 – New research available at ReportsnReports.com 4Microfluidics Market Growing at 19.3% CAGR To 2020 – New research available at ReportsnReports.com 5
Cached News: