HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Fruit fly study identifies gene mutation that regulates sensitivity to alcohol

e who are less sensitive to alcohol's impact are at greater risk for becoming alcohol dependent," he said.

The researchers exposed fruit flies to vaporized alcohol and monitored their behavior and motion patterns with sensitive tracking instruments. They isolated the flies that were less sensitive to alcohol's sedative effects. By breeding subsequent populations of mutant flies, the scientists identified the particular genetic mutation.

The researchers further showed that the white rabbit mutation disrupted the function of the RhoGAP18B gene. They also isolated a number of gene variants of RhoGAP18B, each of which had a distinctly different effect on the response to alcohol. Manipulating these genetic variants, the researchers generated flies with greater and lesser sensitivity to alcohol's sedative and stimulant effects.

The research team also detailed how signaling proteins encoded by the RhoGAP18B gene variants played an important role in reorganizing components of the adult fruit fly's central nervous system, which in turn affected the flies' behavior. Dr. Rothenfluh said the research team concluded that the RhoGAP18B gene is intimately involved in regulating behavioral responses to alcohol exposure.

The findings have implications for researchers seeking corresponding genes and molecular pathways in other animal models and humans. Antonio Noronha, Ph.D., director of NIAAA's Division of Neuroscience and Behavior, said, "If we can characterize similar genetic differences and neurobehavioral responses that underlie acute tolerance in humans, that could potentially provide new targets for the development of drugs to treat alcohol dependence."


'"/>

Contact: Gregory Roa
greg.roa@nih.gov
301-443-3860
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
5-Oct-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Fruit fly gene from out of nowhere is discovered
2. Fruit fly research may clean up conventional impressions of biology
3. Fruit bats are not blind as a bat
4. Survival of the rarest: Fruit flies shed light on the evolution of behavior
5. Fruit fly gene research may shed light on human disease processes
6. Fruit flies may pave way to new treatments for age-related heart disease
7. Fruit flies and global warming -- some like it hot
8. Fruit fly dating game provides clues to our reproductive prowess
9. Fruit juice intake among preschool children not associated with weight
10. Fruit fly aggression studies have relevance to humans, animals
11. Psst! Coffee drinkers: Fruit flies have something to tell you about caffeine

Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/18/2014)... researchers have published soil organic carbon sequestration rates. ... organic carbon can be sequestered by simply switching from ... there is a growing body of research with evidence ... cover crops, small grains, and forages may not be ... , "Some studies have shown that both moldboard and ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... Durham, NC Seeds that sprout as soon as they,re ... plants need to be more careful. In the wild, a ... rainy day would risk disaster. More than just an insurance ... out that seed dormancy has long-term advantages too: Plants ... give rise to more species, finds in a team of ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... led by a University of California, Riverside professor of ... Department of Defense grant to uncover fundamental design rules ... predictable design of light-weight, tough and strong advanced materials ... and animals, including the mantis shrimp, toucan and bamboo. ... over millions of years and coming up with design ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Researchers question published no-till soil organic carbon sequestration rates 2Researchers question published no-till soil organic carbon sequestration rates 3Researchers question published no-till soil organic carbon sequestration rates 4Plants with dormant seeds give rise to more species 2Mantis shrimp, toucan and trilobite, oh my 2Mantis shrimp, toucan and trilobite, oh my 3
(Date:1/15/2014)... Cynvenio, a cancer diagnostics company focused ... analysis of tumor cells in the bloodstream, today announced ... decision support application powered by CollabRx, Inc. , ... test, Therapy Finder will provide breast cancer patients and ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... More than 5 million Americans are ... 3 seniors will die with Alzheimer’s or another dementia, ... have shocked many Americans into looking for ways to ... tragic age-related cognitive disorders. Jonathan Weisman, president of Biohack ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... Freeslate, Inc ., the leading provider of ... one of India’s top five pharmaceutical companies, has received ... for high throughput solid form screening. , Lupin, ... range of quality, affordable generic and branded formulations and ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... 2014 Histogen, Inc., a regenerative medicine ... grown under simulated embryonic conditions, today announced that they ... Medical, Inc. for physician-dispensed aesthetic products containing Histogen’s proprietary ... agreement is an amendment to the existing license between ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Cynvenio Offers New Breast Cancer Therapy Finder Application for its ClearID Breast Cancer Genomic Test 2Cynvenio Offers New Breast Cancer Therapy Finder Application for its ClearID Breast Cancer Genomic Test 3Biohack Pure Offers 5 Tips for Increasing Memory in 2014 2Lupin Selects Freeslate’s CM Protégé PharmD System to Accelerate Polymorph Screening for Drug Development 2Lupin Selects Freeslate’s CM Protégé PharmD System to Accelerate Polymorph Screening for Drug Development 3Histogen and Suneva Medical Expand License for Cell Conditioned Media-based Aesthetic Products Internationally 2Histogen and Suneva Medical Expand License for Cell Conditioned Media-based Aesthetic Products Internationally 3
Cached News: