HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
G6PD deficiency is associated with significant protection against severe, life-threatening malaria

A case-control study in two populations in Mali, West Africa has shown that glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is associated with significant protection against severe, life-threatening malaria. Researchers from the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the University of Bamako, Mali, led by Thomas E. Wellems, report the findings this week in the open access journal PLoS Medicine.

G6PD deficiency is also known as favism after the Italian word for broad beans (fava) which cause a classic reaction when eaten by people with G6PD deficiency. In males, who have only one X chromosome, mutations in the gene for G6PD on the X chromosome cause G6PD deficiency. Females who have mutations on both X chromosomes will also be deficient. G6PD is an important enzyme in red blood cells (erythrocytes), the host cells for Plasmodium falciparum, the parasite that causes the most severe form of malaria. G6PD deficiency is associated with protection against malaria, notably in Africa where one form of G6PD deficiency (G6PD A-) is widespread.

In the two populations of more than 3000 children studied in rural Mali where malaria is very frequent, G6PD deficiency in male and female children was associated with protection against severe, life-threatening malaria, but no effect was found in females who had just one abnormal gene. However, there was no significant difference in the numbers of parasites in the red blood cells of the various groups of children indicating that the deficiency does not work by stopping parasites from infecting the children. G6PD deficiency instead appears to mitigate disease processes set up by the parasitized cells in the bloodstream. The protection was confirmed by a combined analysis of these data and data from a previous study. Protection was most evident against cerebral malaria, the most frequent form of life-threatening malaria in these studies.

These results reignite the debate about t
'"/>

Contact: Andrew Hyde
press@plos.org
44-122-346-3330
Public Library of Science
12-Mar-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Study suggests estrogen deficiency can lead to obesity-induced high blood pressure after menopause
2. Vitamin D deficiency widespread during pregnancy
3. The new form of trypanosomiasis discovered in India stems from a deficiency in apolipoproteinL-1
4. Poor athletic performance linked to vitamin deficiency
5. Dartmouth study contributes to research addressing malnutrition and iron deficiency
6. Heavy drinking can hasten the progression of the simian immunodeficiency virus disease
7. Study illuminates birth defects caused by copper deficiency
8. Study finds that nutritionally enhanced rice reduces iron deficiency
9. Enzyme deficiency may contribute to liver cancer, Mount Sinai research indicates
10. Gene for immune deficiency syndromes found
11. Rapid, new test develped for inherited immune deficiency

Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/22/2014)... in two Minnesota cities demonstrate how communities can ... a ten year program in New England and ... to local conditions. , "Our goal is to ... said program co-leader Latham Stack, of Syntectic International, ... worsened. We help communities move beyond feeling paralyzed ...
(Date:4/21/2014)... is commonly used as a farm soil fertilizer, contains ... from the cows, gut bacteria. The findings, reported in ... American Society for Microbiology, hints that cow manure is ... genes that transfer to bacteria in the soils where ... (AR) genes have already been identified, but the vast ...
(Date:4/21/2014)... are on the decline in the Galpagos. , A new ... indicates numbers of the iconic birds, known for their ... attract mates, have fallen more than 50 percent in less ... is probably due to an unexplained disappearance of sardines from ... at Wake Forest University and the study,s principal investigator. This ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Minnesota projects offer hope and practical help to communities facing more extreme storms 2Cow manure harbors diverse new antibiotic resistance genes 2Cow manure harbors diverse new antibiotic resistance genes 3Lack of breeding threatens blue-footed boobies' survival 2Lack of breeding threatens blue-footed boobies' survival 3
(Date:1/15/2014)... The Pittcon Organizing Committee is pleased to announce that ... an e-Journal and producer of Food Labs Conference ... for the co-location of Food Labs Conference to be held ... registration fee to attend the two-day Food Lab Conference, March ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... 2014 Look inside the new Preferred ... the lab, from fluid handling to instruments to supplies. ... when you order. , Preferred Solutions features a ... the L/S® model for precise flow control and dispensing ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... California , January 15, 2014 Oxford ... today announced the appointment of Thomas C Reynolds MD, PhD ... years, development experience gained in the biotechnology industry, most recently ... am delighted to welcome Tom at this transformative time for ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... This webinar will focus on EMA and ... in biosimilars. , Regulatory frameworks are evolving many countries ... the complex nature of biopharmaceuticals makes the demonstration of ... challenging. Based on the specific aspects of biosimilar drug ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Pittcon Announces Second Year Partnership With Food Safety Tech 2Pittcon Announces Second Year Partnership With Food Safety Tech 3Cole-Parmer Begins 2014 with the Release of Preferred Solutions 2Oxford BioTherapeutics Appoints Thomas C Reynolds MD, PhD to its Board of Directors 2Oxford BioTherapeutics Appoints Thomas C Reynolds MD, PhD to its Board of Directors 3Xtalks Life Sciences Webinar Examines Safety Assessment of Biosimilars 2
Cached News: