HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Gene thwarts some pathogens, gives access to others, could save crops

A single gene apparently thwarts a disease-causing invader that creates a fuzzy gray coating on flowers, fruits and vegetables. But the same gene provides access to a different type of pathogen.

A Purdue University plant molecular biologist and his collaborators in Austria and North Carolina identified the gene that helps plants recognize pathogens and also triggers a defense against disease. The gene and its defense mechanisms are similar to an immunity pathway found in people and in the laboratory research insect, the fruit fly.

As Botrytis cinerea, a pathogen that makes strawberries gray and fuzzy, tries to invade a plant, the gene BIK1 recognizes the pathogen and sets off a defensive reaction. Botrytis is a type of pathogen that can infect and obtain nutrients from dead cells on a plant and actually secretes toxic substances into plant tissue in order to gain entry. Another type of pathogen, called a biotroph, must feed on live plant cells. As a strategy to contain a pathogen, plants actually kill their own cells at the site where a biotrophic pathogen is attempting to invade.

"This gene, BIK1, makes plants resistant to pathogens such as Botrytis, but it allows biotrophic pathogens to invade," said Tesfaye Mengiste, a Purdue plant molecular biologist and assistant professor of botany and plant pathology. "The mutant plant that doesn't have BIK1 actually shows decreased immunity to two pathogens, including Botrytis. But unexpectedly, it is completely resistant to virulent strains of the biotrophic bacteria."

The study of BIK1's role in plant resistance to these two types of pathogens appeared in the January issue of the journal Plant Cell. The study also shows that the gene impacts plant growth and development as evidenced by abnormally short roots, overabundance of root hairs and wrinkly leaves on plants lacking the gene, according to the scientists.

The gene produces a protein located in the plant cell membranes and shows
'"/>

Contact: Susan A. Steeves
ssteeves@purdue.edu
765-496-7481
Purdue University
3-Feb-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Disease damages wheat roots, thwarts water uptake
2. Infectious agent thwarts typical defense mechanisms; Sheds light on immune system function
3. NIH gives $8M to University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine for myositis research
4. Brain blood flow gives clues to treating depression
5. Immune system escape hatch gives cancer cells traction
6. Investigating Life in Extreme Environments report gives hints on facts of life
7. 5.9 million award gives UK aging research a new lease on life
8. Neuronal activity gives clues to working memory
9. Study of damaged gene gives insight into causes of mental illness
10. Human pubic lice acquired from gorillas gives evolutionary clues
11. DNA gives new perspectives to understand the mysteries of nature

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Gene thwarts some pathogens gives access others could save crops

(Date:10/19/2014)... the last 30 years contributed only marginally to ... time, according to a new study published in ... access is fundamental to development: it brings improvements ... and health," says IIASA researcher Shonali Pachauri, who ... is widely agreed to be an important goal ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... German . ... in order to reproduce? And why are there two sexes ... latest issue of the research journal Molecular Human Reproduction ... Ramm from Bielefeld University Bielefeld has compiled this special issue ... a female to copulate with several males in quick succession ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... new synthesis of recent research findings to inform their ... two states. , The Ecology and Management of ... Synthesis of the Relevant Biophysical Science and Implications for ... the U.S. Forest Service,s Pacific Northwest Research Station, is ... a synthesis of the large body of scientific information ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Improved electricity access has little impact on climate change 2Sperm wars 2New report synthesizes best available science on management of moist mixed-conifer forests 2
(Date:10/22/2014)... According to new market research report ... Integration, Deployment & Support), by Service Model (SaaS, ... Others (Hybrid & Community)) - Global Forecast to ... Cloud Professional Services Market into various sub-segments with ... also identifies the drivers and restraints for this ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Oct. 22, 2014 /PRNewswire/ - iCo Therapeutics ("iCo" or ... next steps for its Oral Amphotericin B program.  ... in vitro work involving samples from ... plans to complete pre clinical studies and regulatory ... 1A clinical trial, utilizing approximately $700,000 of funding ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... , Oct. 22, 2014 Research and ... Electronics Market by Material, by Application, Geography - Global ... their offering. Organic electronics, also called ... of material science which deals with small conductive molecules ... because small molecules and polymers are carbon based, made ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... The report “Pharmacy Automation Systems Market ... Labeling Systems, Table-top Counters) by End-user (Inpatient Pharmacy ... Trends to 2019” analyzes and studies the major ... Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Rest of the World ... figures spread through 300 pages and in-depth TOC ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Cloud Professional Services Market by Public, Private, Hybrid & Community Expected to Reach $34.41 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Cloud Professional Services Market by Public, Private, Hybrid & Community Expected to Reach $34.41 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Cloud Professional Services Market by Public, Private, Hybrid & Community Expected to Reach $34.41 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Cloud Professional Services Market by Public, Private, Hybrid & Community Expected to Reach $34.41 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 5iCo Therapeutics Announces Advancement of Oral Amphotericin B Program 2iCo Therapeutics Announces Advancement of Oral Amphotericin B Program 3Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 2Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 3Pharmacy Automation Systems Market worth $4,566.2 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Pharmacy Automation Systems Market worth $4,566.2 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Pharmacy Automation Systems Market worth $4,566.2 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4
Cached News: