HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Genetic studies endow mice with new color vision

Although mice, like most mammals, typically view the world with a limited color palette similar to what some people with red-green color blindness see scientists have now transformed their vision by introducing a single human gene into a mouse chromosome. The human gene codes for a light sensor that mice do not normally possess, and its insertion allowed the mice to distinguish colors as never before.

In a study published in the March 23, 2007, issue of the journal Science, Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers at Johns Hopkins, together with researchers at the University of California at Santa Barbara, demonstrated in a series of cleverly designed color vision tests that the genetic modification allows mice to see and distinguish among a broader spectrum of light waves. The experiments were designed to determine whether the brains of the genetically altered mice could efficiently process sensory information from the new photoreceptors in their eyes. Among mammals, this more complex type of color vision has only been observed in primates, and therefore the brains of mice did not need to evolve to make these discriminations.

The new abilities of the genetically engineered mice indicate that the mammalian brain possesses a flexibility that permits a nearly instantaneous upgrade in the complexity of color vision, say the studys senior authors, Gerald Jacobs and Jeremy Nathans.

The evolution of color vision has been a topic of intensive study for more than three decades. The new research is the most definitive yet in shedding light on the first steps that led to the emergence of trichromacy -- the variety of color vision found today in most primates, including humans.

What we are looking at in these mice is the same evolutionary event that happened in one of the distant ancestors of all primates and that led ultimately to the trichromatic color vision that we now enjoy, said Nathans.

Trichromacy is dependent on three types
'"/>

Contact: Jennifer Michalowski
michalow@hhmi.org
301-215-8576
Howard Hughes Medical Institute
22-Mar-2007


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Genetic variation helps to understand predisposition to schizophrenia
2. Genetic factors strongly shape how peers are chosen
3. Genetic analysis finds greater threat in frog-killing fungus
4. Genetic diversity in honeybee colonies boosts productivity
5. 2007-2008 Genzyme/ACMGF Clinical Genetics Fellowship In Biochemical Genetics award winner announced
6. Maynard Olson receives $500,000 Gruber Genetics Prize
7. Genetic defect links respiratory disease and congenital heart disease
8. Cell Press announces new partnership with the American Society of Human Genetics
9. Genetic fellow traveler discovered in Alzheimers
10. Genetic roots of bipolar disorder revealed by first genome-wide study of illness
11. Health disparities -- Genetics, society and race play an important role in access to healthcare

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/22/2019)... , ... February 21, 2019 , ... Clean label food ... expected when creating natural foods and beverages. It is quite common to spot consumers ... Yet, meat products are not immune to this label scrutiny. , More than ...
(Date:2/19/2019)... ... February 20, 2019 , ... ... that will see Dimensions rolled out across the organization. Dimensions provides in-depth ... across their business, support strategic planning, and understand past and future funding ...
(Date:2/14/2019)... ... February 14, 2019 , ... This year’s conference in ... 80 scientific sessions and 2,100 presentations. Given SOT’s mission to bring together researchers ... OpenLiver™ 3D cell culture model initiative that it recently launched with Biopredic ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/2/2019)... ... ... Stay on top of current hot topics through free webinars presented by leading ... free, so be sure to register today to save your place! Participate in the ... our upcoming webinars, or click below to learn more about each webinar: , CLINICAL ...
(Date:1/30/2019)... ... January 29, 2019 , ... Could a computer detect a ... tricky math problem on an online tutoring program? Could it detect deep reflection ... science assistant professor Erin Solovey is working to develop a system ...
(Date:1/24/2019)... ... ... Controlled Contamination Services is pleased to announce three exciting new additions to ... team members will support its growing operation across the US and will be a ... This addition will enable CCS to widen its reach and provide enterprise wide solutions ...
(Date:1/20/2019)... ... January 16, 2019 , ... On January 15 of ... news article by Asymmetrex director James L. Sherley, M.D., Ph.D. The ... resources like the PGCB and CellTrials.org. Now in its 21st year of operation, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: