HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Genomics throws species definition in question for microbes

Until a decade ago, scientists categorized microorganisms almost exclusively by their physical characteristics: how they looked, what they ate, and the by-products they produced. With the advent of genomic sequencing and genetic analysis in the 1990s, our understanding of the relationships between different microorganisms fundamentally changed. In light of this new knowledge, what exactly is the definition of a microbial species, and how should microbiologists be categorizing microorganisms? These questions are the focus of a new report released by the American Academy of Microbiology (AAM) entitled Reconciling Microbial Systematics and Genomics.

"It is clear that the current system for designating microbial species is somewhat functional, but inadequate in many ways. It is unclear whether this system should be replaced or renovated," says Richard Roberts of New England Biolabs, one of the authors of the report.

The report is the result of a colloquium convened by the AAM in September 2006. Participants with expertise in microbial taxonomy, systematics, ecology, physiology and other areas described the history of microbial taxonomy, the state of the field today, and how work in the field should proceed in the future. The report is a record of their comments and recommendations.

In the late 1800s, in order to make sense of the vast diversity of microbiological organisms, microbial taxonomists developed a system of placing microorganisms into categories in which each organism was granted a "genus" and "species" designation. At the time, physical (or phenotypic) properties were the only means of describing microorganisms, so the system was based on measurable and observable characteristics of the organisms, not genetic traits.

In the late 20th century, molecular biology uncovered the genetic relationships between microorganisms, and some of the secrets of microbes that had yet to be cultured in the lab (and hence
'"/>

Contact: Jim Sliwa
jsliwa@asmusa.org
202-942-9297
American Society for Microbiology
26-Mar-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Genomics study provides insight into the evolution of unique human traits
2. Psychiatric Genomics Center established at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
3. NYUs Center for Comparative Functional Genomics part of $57 million MOD-ENCODE consortium
4. Elsevier launches new journal, Marine Genomics
5. International Genomics Consortium, TGen to lead Biospecimen Core for Cancer Atlas pilot project
6. DOE JGI to host Microbial Genomics Workshop for educators
7. Genomics-based vaccine could prevent deadly cattle disease
8. Genomics reveals mechanism of heat resistance in bacteria
9. NYUs Center for Comparative Functional Genomics helps to unravel the function of microRNAS
10. Genomics champion Eric Lander receives 2004 AAAS Public Understanding of Science & Technology Award
11. International Rice Functional Genomics meeting in Tucson Nov. 15-17

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Genomics throws species definition question for microbes

(Date:7/29/2014)... two of the major disciplines behind Jurassic Park is ... stunning photographs and unique illustrations. , Fossil Insects, by ... incredible preservation and diversity of fossilised insects from around ... fossils can tell us about the ancient and modern ... the mosquito in Jurassic Park, many of the hundreds ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for other purposes can ... human cells, including those that cause Legionnaires, disease, brucellosis, ... mBio , the online open-access journal of the American ... non-antibiotic drugs that could one day help curb bacterial ... list inhibit the growth of at least three of ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... people in the United States have a circulatory problem ... be painful and may even require surgery in serious ... wasting and, in turn, limb amputation. , At The ... Medical School, scientists tested a non-surgical preventative treatment in ... associated with increased blood circulation. Their proof-of-concept study ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Unique images bring fossil insects back to life 2New route to identify drugs that can fight bacterial infections 2Scientists discover genetic switch that can prevent peripheral vascular disease in mice 2
(Date:7/28/2014)... (PRWEB) July 28, 2014 The Workgroup ... authority on the use of health IT to create ... Health Plan Identifier (HPID) Workgroup has developed an ... Health Plan and Payer?” The HPID Workgroup, a part ... with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... 28, 2014 Proove Biosciences , ... be exhibiting data and research conducted through their latest ... Intervention Society’s (ISIS) 22nd Annual Scientific Meeting. The ... Hyatt Regency, in Orlando, Florida. , The ... competence of physicians who care for patients suffering specificity ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... 2014 According to ... (Consumables, Instruments, Services), Methods (Phenotypic, Genotypic), Applications (Pharmaceutical, Diagnostic, ... Characterization) - Global Forecasts to 2019" published ... estimated at $896.5 Million in 2014 and ... 2019, growing at a CAGR of 5.9% ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... , July 28, 2014   Propeller Health ... disease, announced the hire of Brad Towle ... will be responsible for driving the company,s sales growth, ... experience in healthcare, and specifically his past role in ... to the company at this pivotal time in the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:WEDI’s HPID Workgroup Announces Release of Issue Brief: “What is the Difference Between a Health Plan and Payer?” 2Proove Biosciences Exhibits Industry Leading Data and Research at International Spine Intervention Society’s 22nd Annual Scientific Meeting 2Microbial Identification Market worth $1,194.1 Million by 2019 2Microbial Identification Market worth $1,194.1 Million by 2019 3Propeller Health Hires Brad Towle as Senior Vice President of Business and Client Development 2
Cached News: