HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Genomics throws species definition in question for microbes

Until a decade ago, scientists categorized microorganisms almost exclusively by their physical characteristics: how they looked, what they ate, and the by-products they produced. With the advent of genomic sequencing and genetic analysis in the 1990s, our understanding of the relationships between different microorganisms fundamentally changed. In light of this new knowledge, what exactly is the definition of a microbial species, and how should microbiologists be categorizing microorganisms? These questions are the focus of a new report released by the American Academy of Microbiology (AAM) entitled Reconciling Microbial Systematics and Genomics.

"It is clear that the current system for designating microbial species is somewhat functional, but inadequate in many ways. It is unclear whether this system should be replaced or renovated," says Richard Roberts of New England Biolabs, one of the authors of the report.

The report is the result of a colloquium convened by the AAM in September 2006. Participants with expertise in microbial taxonomy, systematics, ecology, physiology and other areas described the history of microbial taxonomy, the state of the field today, and how work in the field should proceed in the future. The report is a record of their comments and recommendations.

In the late 1800s, in order to make sense of the vast diversity of microbiological organisms, microbial taxonomists developed a system of placing microorganisms into categories in which each organism was granted a "genus" and "species" designation. At the time, physical (or phenotypic) properties were the only means of describing microorganisms, so the system was based on measurable and observable characteristics of the organisms, not genetic traits.

In the late 20th century, molecular biology uncovered the genetic relationships between microorganisms, and some of the secrets of microbes that had yet to be cultured in the lab (and hence
'"/>

Contact: Jim Sliwa
jsliwa@asmusa.org
202-942-9297
American Society for Microbiology
26-Mar-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Genomics study provides insight into the evolution of unique human traits
2. Psychiatric Genomics Center established at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
3. NYUs Center for Comparative Functional Genomics part of $57 million MOD-ENCODE consortium
4. Elsevier launches new journal, Marine Genomics
5. International Genomics Consortium, TGen to lead Biospecimen Core for Cancer Atlas pilot project
6. DOE JGI to host Microbial Genomics Workshop for educators
7. Genomics-based vaccine could prevent deadly cattle disease
8. Genomics reveals mechanism of heat resistance in bacteria
9. NYUs Center for Comparative Functional Genomics helps to unravel the function of microRNAS
10. Genomics champion Eric Lander receives 2004 AAAS Public Understanding of Science & Technology Award
11. International Rice Functional Genomics meeting in Tucson Nov. 15-17

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Genomics throws species definition question for microbes

(Date:11/18/2014)... BOSTON , Nov. 17, 2014   ... HealthCare and EMC collaborate to develop The Partners ... , The Partners Data Lake will allow ... to improve diagnostics, treatment and the lives of ... support research and clinical activities across the Partners ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... YORK , Nov. 18, 2014   ... identity authentication solutions, and MorphoTrust USA ... and services, today announced a strategic partnership to ... enterprise, motor vehicle administration (MVA), airport screening and ... in identity-related solutions, MorphoTrust serves consumers through a ...
(Date:11/12/2014)... , Nov. 12, 2014 Crossmatch™, a leading ... its U.are.U ® fingerprint readers have been deployed ... Central Mexico . The bakery chain ... eliminate payroll issues caused by employees clocking in for ... U.are.U fingerprint readers, Montparnasse relied on paper timecards and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 2Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 3Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 4Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 5EyeLock, MorphoTrust Form Strategic Partnership to Pursue Commercial Enterprise Deployments 2EyeLock, MorphoTrust Form Strategic Partnership to Pursue Commercial Enterprise Deployments 3Montparnasse Pasteleria Achieves Time and Attendance Transparency with Crossmatch U.are.U Fingerprint Readers 2
(Date:12/19/2014)... iLab Solutions, the global leader in ... Bryant as the new Director of Institutional Implementations and ... These two new leadership positions were created to support ... that iLab continues to meet the needs of its ... iLab has been deployed at over 450 core facilities ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Dec. 18, 2014  Decision Resources Group finds that ... market will grow moderately through 2023 as the aging ... awareness of dental biomaterials all spur procedure volumes. Growth ... China and India ... procedures within reach for a larger proportion of the ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014 The Activated Carbon Manufacturing ... is why IBISWorld updated its original industry research report. ... from an intensified focus on environmental policy. Over the ... standards for power plants and a range of other ... Industry Analyst Sarah Kahn, “a range of downstream industrial ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 17, 2014 Ipsen Biopharmaceuticals, Inc., ... ADR: IPSEY), today announced that Somatuline® ... Somatuline®) was approved by the U.S. Food and ... neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) in adult patients with unresectable, ... disease to improve progression-free survival (PFS). , “The ...
Breaking Biology Technology:iLab Solutions Announces Two New Leadership Positions to Meet the Needs of Its Growing Customer Base 2Asia Pacific Dental Biomaterial Market Will Grow Strongly Through 2023 2Asia Pacific Dental Biomaterial Market Will Grow Strongly Through 2023 3Activated Carbon Manufacturing in the US Industry Market Research Report Has Been Updated from IBISWorld 2Activated Carbon Manufacturing in the US Industry Market Research Report Has Been Updated from IBISWorld 3Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 2Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 3Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 4Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 5Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 6Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 7Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 8
Cached News: