Advances in information technology are enabling scientists to develop increasingly sophisticated methods of measuring a brain's functions. To spur developments in this new research field, called neuroinformatics, the seven founding countries (the Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States) have set up the International Neuroinformatics Coordinating Facility (INCF).
Other countries are expected to join the INCF in the coming months, with membership open to both OECD member and non-member countries. The host country for the headquarters of this new international body will be announced in Paris on Monday 28 November.
Better understanding the human brain could lead to breakthroughs in the prevention and cure of nervous system disorders, such as Parkinson's or Alzheimer's disease, as well as new treatments for depression or schizophrenia.
But to date it has proved difficult for the scientists and researchers working on thousands of different projects around the world to manage the vast amounts of data being collected, given that a single human brain has over 100 billion nerve cells and 5 million kilometers of neural interconnections. They then need to share these data and analyse them, often using different modeling tools across different computing platforms.
To address these challenges and others, the International Neuroinformatics Coordinating Facility will: