HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Gold nanoparticles prove to be hot stuff

Gold nanoparticles are highly efficient and sensitive "handles" for biological molecules being manipulated and tracked by lasers, but they also can heat up fast--by tens of degrees in just a few nanoseconds--which could either damage the molecules or help study them, according to scientists at JILA, a joint institute of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and University of Colorado at Boulder.

Biophysicists often study nanoscale and even picoscale mechanics by using lasers to both apply force to and track the position of fragile biomolecules such as DNA or protein by manipulating a tiny sphere--typically polystyrene--attached to the molecule. The JILA team would like to find new microsphere materials that can be trapped by laser radiation pressure more efficiently, which would enable faster measurements and detection of smaller motions at the same laser power. As described in the Aug. 15 issue of Optics Letters,* the JILA team demonstrated that 100-nanometer-wide gold beads, as expected because of their metallic nature, can be trapped and detected six times more easily than polystyrene particles of a similar size.

However, the scientists also found that gold absorbs light and heats up quickly, by a remarkable 266 degrees (Celsius) per watt of laser power, at the wavelength most often used in optical traps. Unless very low laser power is used, the heat could damage the molecules under study. Thus, gold beads would not be useful for temperature-sensitive experiments or applying force to molecules. But the heating effect could be useful in raising local temperatures in certain experiments, such as heating a protein just enough to allow scientists to watch it unfold, the paper suggests.


'"/>

Contact: Laura Ost
laura.ost@nist.gov
301-975-4034
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
31-Aug-2006


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Gold nanoparticles may pan out as tool for cancer diagnosis
2. Under magnetic force, nanoparticles may deliver gene therapy
3. UCSB researchers show how to make polymeric micro- and nanoparticles
4. Pairing nanoparticles with proteins
5. In nature, proteins sweep up nanoparticles
6. Bacteria ferry nanoparticles into cells for early diagnosis, treatment
7. MU researchers examine the environmental effects of silver nanoparticles
8. Work with nanoparticles may lead to on-the-spot virus detector
9. Widely used iron nanoparticles exhibit toxic effects on neuronal cells
10. Test finds manufactured nanoparticles dont harm soil ecology
11. DNA nanoparticles hold promise in gene therapy for Parkinsons disease

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Gold nanoparticles prove hot stuff

(Date:12/11/2014)... 10, 2014  Data Sciences International (DSI), the ... a new series of digital telemetry implants to ... M series, part of the PhysioTel™ Digital platform, ... possible physiologic data when incorporating functional endpoints into ... to toxicology studies has evolved from short ECG ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... , Dec. 9, 2014  Wake Forest Baptist Medical ... building for its School of Medicine. Funding for this ... capital campaign that will be publicly launched next summer. ... located in the former 60 series R.J. Reynolds Tobacco ... Quarter. Construction will begin immediately with plans to be ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... SUNNYVALE, California , December 9, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... Integrate with ITN,s BCARD Platform ... secure, cloud-based enterprise meeting scheduling solutions for business-to-business ... International, the world leader in mobile near-field communication ... solutions.      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140612/691055) , ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New telemetry implants expected to change how large animal toxicology studies are conducted 2Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 2Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 4Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 2Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 3
(Date:12/17/2014)... Based on the revenues gained ... market is dominated by four major players contributing ... These players include GE Healthcare (U.K.), Siemens AG ... , Full Report Copy at http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/surgical-imaging-market-210534462.html ... be attributed to its strong product portfolio, which ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... Once more, EMAAR has selected BioShaft ... water treatment plant to phase one of BayLaSun, a ... years ago Bioshaft successfully supplied and operated a packaged ... towers with an occupancy of 900 residences. The ... per day and was signed on September 16th, 2014, ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 17, 2014 Audacity, a leading California-based ... member of the Huntsworth Health Group, is proud to ... team. In her role, Gonzales will serve as Senior ... incredibly honored to welcome a talent of Jamie’s caliber ... Gaëtan Fraikin. “She is a proven healthcare innovation leader ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... FRANCISCO, Calif. , Dec. 17, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... of a Phase 2 study evaluating the investigational ... treatment of patients with severe, chronic itch who ... standard of care, including topical steroids and antihistamines. ... percent change in Visual Analog Scale (VAS) itch ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Refurbished Surgical Imaging Market by Product & Application is Estimated to Reach $1.25 Billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Global Refurbished Surgical Imaging Market by Product & Application is Estimated to Reach $1.25 Billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Global Refurbished Surgical Imaging Market by Product & Application is Estimated to Reach $1.25 Billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Audacity Welcomes Healthcare Communications Expert Jamie Gonzales as Senior Vice President of Client Services 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 3Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 4
Cached News: