HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Growth disorder gene plays a big role in normal size variation

The presence of a small number of discrete forms - as you find in a classic Mendelian trait like eye color - suggests that the phenotype is controlled by a very small number of genes. In contrast, a complex trait such as body size is influenced by multiple genes as well as environmental factors, giving rise to a continuous spectrum of phenotypes. This causal complexity makes discovery of the genetic determinants of the trait - so-called quantitative trait loci (QTLs) - very difficult. In the open-access journal PLoS Biology, Fiona Oliver, Julian Christians, and colleagues extend their work on a single QTL with a large effect on body size variation in mice, and show that the responsible gene is one already linked to a Mendelian growth disorder in humans.

In this study, the authors further refined the map of a QTL on the X chromosome associated with a 20% difference in growth rate of mice, and found it contains only four genes: glypican-3 and glypican-4 (Gpc3 and Gpc4), and two other genes of unknown function. The glypicans are membrane-bound growth regulators; loss of function of Gpc3 in humans causes a rare syndrome of overgrowth, skeletal and other abnormalities, and neonatal death. In Gpc3, but not the others, size correlated with a significant difference in gene expression: larger mice had low levels of the messenger RNA, and smaller mice had high levels - the same pattern seen in the human loss-of-function disorder. The authors identified several non-coding polymorphisms in Gpc3 that differed between the two forms, although it remains to be seen whether the differential effect on growth is due to these or other DNA differences nearby.

The results from this study point out an important feature of inheritance, namely, that a gene implicated in a Mendelian trait can also contribute to quantitative variation. While catastrophic expression failure, such as a loss of function, can cause disease, smaller changes in expression of the same
'"/>

Contact: Paul Ocampo
pocampo@plos.org
415-624-1224
Public Library of Science
4-Apr-2005


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Growth factors and environment combine to increase brain maturation
2. Growth factor signals influence balance between normal growth and cancerous growth
3. Growth factor triggers growth of new blood vessels in the heart
4. Growth factor-promoting angiogenesis expressed in tumor cells and normal neurons
5. Growth hormone is made in the brain, report scientists
6. Growth hormone, obesity can trigger sleep apnea in some kids
7. Growth in biomass could put US on road to energy independence
8. Growth factor in baby formula could reduce NEC, most devastating GI disease in preemies
9. Growth in the sea comes down to a struggle for iron
10. Growth of common skin cancer blocked in gene-switch mice
11. Growth factors confer immortality to sperm-generating stem cells

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/30/2017)... , March 30, 2017  On April 6-7, 2017, ... the Genome hackathon at Microsoft,s headquarters in ... competition will focus on developing health and wellness apps ... Hack the Genome is the first hackathon ... The world,s largest companies in the genomics, tech and ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... 28, 2017 The report "Video ... Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), Software (Video Analytics, VMS), and ... Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market ... is projected to reach USD 75.64 Billion by 2022, ... The base year considered for the study is 2016 ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... report "Gesture Recognition and Touchless Sensing Market by Technology (Touch-based and Touchless), Product ... by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected to be worth USD 18.98 billion by ... Continue Reading ... ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160303/792302) ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... BioMedGPS announces expanded coverage of ... newest module, US Hemostats & Sealants. , SmartTRAK’s US Market for Hemostats and ... synthetic sealants and biologic sealants used in surgical applications. BioMedGPS estimates the market ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... , ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... gene in its endogenous context, enabling overexpression experiments and avoiding the use of ... small RNA guides is transformative for performing systematic gain-of-function studies. , This ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... a leading provider of patient support solutions, has announced the ... which will launch this week. The VMS CNEs will address ... enhance the patient care experience by delivering peer-to-peer education programs ... to help women who have been diagnosed and are being ... ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... , ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... (FDA) has granted orphan drug designation to SBT-100, its novel anti-STAT3 (Signal Transducer ... treatment of osteosarcoma. SBT-100 is able to cross the cell membrane and bind ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: