HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
How the brain keeps emotions at bay

Daily life requires that people cope with distracting emotions--from the basketball player who must make a crucial shot amidst a screaming crowd, to a salesman under pressure delivering an important pitch to a client. Researchers have now discovered that the brain is able to prevent emotions from interfering with mental functioning by having a specific "executive processing" area of the cortex inhibit activity of the emotion-processing region.

The findings also offer insight into how sufferers of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or depression are unable to control emotional intrusion into their thoughts, said the researchers, Amit Etkin, Joy Hirsch, and colleagues, who reported the discovery. They published their findings in the September 21, 2006, issue of the journal Neuron, published by Cell Press.

Their studies were based on previous findings that specific parts of an area of the brain called the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC)--a center for so-called "executive" control of neural processing--are connected to the amygdala. The amygdala is the brain's major center for processing emotional events.

The experimental challenge for Etkin, Hirsch, and colleagues was to determine whether this region of the ACC was responsible merely for "monitoring" conflict between cognitive and emotional processing or for actively "resolving" that conflict.

To distinguish the two processes, Etkin and colleagues designed experiments in which volunteer subjects were asked to indicate by pressing a button whether a face image was happy or fearful. The subjects were instructed to ignore labels of "fear" or "happy" written across each face.

These labels might be either "congruent" (e.g., happy face, "happy" word) or "incongruent" (e.g., happy face, "fear" word) with the image. Incongruent face-word combinations constituted a response conflict between emotional and cognitive stimuli. The researchers found that subjects could "resolv
'"/>

Contact: Heidi Hardman
hhardman@cell.com
617-397-2879
Cell Press
20-Sep-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Invasion of the brain tumors
2. Preclinical study links gene to brain aneurysm formation
3. Gene variant is associated with brain anatomy, clinical course of ADHD
4. Human knowledge is based upon directed connectivity between brain areas
5. A sensory organ, not the brain, differentiates male and female behavior in some mammals
6. Reading ability protects brain from lead exposure
7. Strength of connections between brain regions may affect an adolescents response to peer influence
8. Females more prone to brain damage from alcohol abuse
9. Prenatal alcohol exposure alters brain activity in the frontal-striatal areas
10. Drug protects brain cells in Huntingtons disease model, researchers find
11. Steroids, not songs, spur growth of brain regions in sparrows

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: How the brain keeps emotions bay

(Date:7/25/2014)... a molecular testing panel developed at UPMC greatly ... surgery for patients with thyroid nodules and cancer, ... Institute (UPCI), partner with UPMC CancerCenter., The test, ... other diagnostic testing agencies, improved the chances of ... percent, according to the study published this month ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... July 24, 2014 -- Keryx Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq:KERX) (the ... randomized, active control Phase 3 study of Zerenex (ferric ... for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in patients with end-stage ... binding and iRon delivery with FErric CiTrate in EsrD) ... the American Society of Nephrology ( JASN ). ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... on different species of fish, according to a ... Exeter which tested fish anti-predator behaviour. , ... predator model when exposed to additional noise, whereas ... , Lead author Dr Irene Voellmy of Bristol,s ... many aquatic environments have increased substantially during the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Test increases odds of correct surgery for thyroid cancer patients 2Test increases odds of correct surgery for thyroid cancer patients 3Zerenex™ (ferric citrate) long-term Phase 3 study results published in JASN 2Zerenex™ (ferric citrate) long-term Phase 3 study results published in JASN 3Zerenex™ (ferric citrate) long-term Phase 3 study results published in JASN 4
(Date:7/24/2014)... most natural and synthetic processes prefer to settle ... or energyit is within the realm of non-equilibrium ... constant changes in energy and phases, such as ... conditions allow humans to regulate their body temperature, ... with seismic activity. , But even though ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... July 24, 2014 Your cell ... in modeling lithium-ion battery storage capacity. , New ... a theoretical model created at Lawrence Livermore ... that predicts how carbon components will perform as ... emphasizes the urgent need for higher-performance batteries. Several ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... July 24, 2014 Three companies from ... in Livestrong’s Big C Competition. Out of 700 competition ... headed to the semi-final round. In this round twenty ... accelerator program, complete with mentoring from thought-leaders and medical ... part of the angelMD commitment to the Livestrong vision ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... N.J. , July 24, 2014 ... provider of regulatory and ethical review services for ... Alliance Biosciences. Formerly a division of ... was the leading biosafety and biosecurity consulting firm ... With this addition, WCG,s biosafety division – WCG ...
Breaking Biology Technology:New approach to form non-equilibrium structures 2Getting More Life out of Lithium-ion Batteries 23 angelMD Startups Make Livestrong Big C Semi-finals 2WIRB-Copernicus Group Announces Acquisition of Alliance Biosciences; Executives Join WCG Biosafety Division 2WIRB-Copernicus Group Announces Acquisition of Alliance Biosciences; Executives Join WCG Biosafety Division 3
Cached News: