HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
How the brain learns to become addicted

TA), known to be a critical site of neural adaptation, or plasticity, induced by addictive drugs. However, it wasn't known whether orexin actually induced such plasticity.

In experiments with rat brain slices, the researchers demonstrated that orexin A does increase activity of neurons in the VTA associated with such plasticity.

And in experiments with whole animals, the researchers found that orexin A was required for "behavioral sensitization" to cocaine. This sensitization shows itself as a long-lasting increase in activity by the animals when they receive the drug and is an indicator that the animals are experiencing an increased craving for the drug.

Importantly, when the researchers "microinjected" directly into the VTA region of animals a drug that blocks orexin receptors, they found they could block the development of behavioral sensitization.

"The findings presented here establish a potential mechanism for the role of orexin signaling in plasticity related to addiction," concluded the researchers. The researchers wrote that this orexin-induced plasticity in the VTA "is likely an important substrate of behaviors relevant to addiction, as we show that activation of [orexin] receptors in the VTA is necessary for the development of cocaine-mediated behavioral sensitization. Thus, orexin receptors may provide novel pharmacotherapeutic targets for motivational disorders such as addiction.


'"/>

Contact: Heidi Hardman
hhardman@cell.com
617-397-2879
Cell Press
15-Feb-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Invasion of the brain tumors
2. Preclinical study links gene to brain aneurysm formation
3. Gene variant is associated with brain anatomy, clinical course of ADHD
4. Human knowledge is based upon directed connectivity between brain areas
5. A sensory organ, not the brain, differentiates male and female behavior in some mammals
6. Reading ability protects brain from lead exposure
7. Strength of connections between brain regions may affect an adolescents response to peer influence
8. Females more prone to brain damage from alcohol abuse
9. Prenatal alcohol exposure alters brain activity in the frontal-striatal areas
10. Drug protects brain cells in Huntingtons disease model, researchers find
11. Steroids, not songs, spur growth of brain regions in sparrows

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: How the brain learns become addicted

(Date:7/31/2015)... , July 31, 2015 The 10 th ... held by BGI from October 22-25, 2015, in Shenzhen ... The conference is celebrating its 10 th anniversary this year. ... the world,s most influential annual meetings in the ,omics, fields, ... scientific gatherings. ICG-10 focuses on recent breakthroughs ...
(Date:7/23/2015)... BEDFORD, Mass., July 23, 2015 Aware, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... services, today reported financial results for its second quarter ended ... quarter of 2015 was $4.5 million, a decrease of 33% ...  Net income in the second quarter of 2015 was $0.3 ... million, or $0.04 per diluted share, in the same period ...
(Date:7/21/2015)... YORK , July 21, 2015 ... systems, as seen in the recent U.S. Office ... a solution to the infosec conundrum, but developers ... is stored. To address this dilemma, Biometrics-as-a-Service provider ... its Biometric Tokenization SDK for third party integration. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The 10th International Conference on Genomics (ICG-10) to Open in October 2Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 2Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 3Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 4Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 5Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 6HYPR Corp. Launches Industry First Biometric Tokenization Platform 2HYPR Corp. Launches Industry First Biometric Tokenization Platform 3HYPR Corp. Launches Industry First Biometric Tokenization Platform 4
(Date:7/29/2015)... , July 30, 2015 ... santé, publie ses résultats pour le premier semestre ... commente les résultats. Visionner l,interview vidéo ... http://www.eurobusinessmedia.com/ceo-direct/sanofi/sanofi-h1-2015-results-interview-with-ceo-olivier-brandicourt?utm_source=ceo-direct&utm_medium=wire Au sommaire de l,interview ... - Moteurs de croissance - Diabète ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... / Japan (Q2 2015: +14% CER / 20% of ... growth in China , as well as solid contributions from ... Europe / Middle East / ... gains in Germany , Turkey and ... / 49% of sales) grew 11%, excluding U.S. HPV sales, on demand across ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... July 29, 2015  AsureQuality and Ubiquitome have ... for applications in food and primary production sectors. ... real-time PCR device, the Freedom4. AsureQuality ... to the supermarket shelf for producers, processors and ... in animal disease control and pest management and ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... Wis. (PRWEB) , ... July 29, 2015 , ... ... identification solutions, today announced its GHS Label Guide . To align chemical ... System (GHS), this guide includes explanations of label components, an example of an ...
Breaking Biology Technology:QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 2QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 3QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 4QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 5QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 6QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 7QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 8QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 9QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 10AsureQuality and Ubiquitome Partner on Applications for Mobile Molecular Food Safety Testing 2Brady Announces a New GHS Label Guide 2
Cached News: