HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
How the brain learns to become addicted

TA), known to be a critical site of neural adaptation, or plasticity, induced by addictive drugs. However, it wasn't known whether orexin actually induced such plasticity.

In experiments with rat brain slices, the researchers demonstrated that orexin A does increase activity of neurons in the VTA associated with such plasticity.

And in experiments with whole animals, the researchers found that orexin A was required for "behavioral sensitization" to cocaine. This sensitization shows itself as a long-lasting increase in activity by the animals when they receive the drug and is an indicator that the animals are experiencing an increased craving for the drug.

Importantly, when the researchers "microinjected" directly into the VTA region of animals a drug that blocks orexin receptors, they found they could block the development of behavioral sensitization.

"The findings presented here establish a potential mechanism for the role of orexin signaling in plasticity related to addiction," concluded the researchers. The researchers wrote that this orexin-induced plasticity in the VTA "is likely an important substrate of behaviors relevant to addiction, as we show that activation of [orexin] receptors in the VTA is necessary for the development of cocaine-mediated behavioral sensitization. Thus, orexin receptors may provide novel pharmacotherapeutic targets for motivational disorders such as addiction.


'"/>

Contact: Heidi Hardman
hhardman@cell.com
617-397-2879
Cell Press
15-Feb-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Invasion of the brain tumors
2. Preclinical study links gene to brain aneurysm formation
3. Gene variant is associated with brain anatomy, clinical course of ADHD
4. Human knowledge is based upon directed connectivity between brain areas
5. A sensory organ, not the brain, differentiates male and female behavior in some mammals
6. Reading ability protects brain from lead exposure
7. Strength of connections between brain regions may affect an adolescents response to peer influence
8. Females more prone to brain damage from alcohol abuse
9. Prenatal alcohol exposure alters brain activity in the frontal-striatal areas
10. Drug protects brain cells in Huntingtons disease model, researchers find
11. Steroids, not songs, spur growth of brain regions in sparrows

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: How the brain learns become addicted

(Date:10/18/2014)... Berlin, 19th October 2014 Psychological stress and stress-related ... for aging-related diseases, but the molecular mechanisms ... mechanisms may contribute to the development of ... treatments for these devastating diseases. This work ... Neuropsychopharmacology congress in Berlin., Now an international ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... suspected genetic conditions, a certain type of exome sequencing ... than traditional molecular diagnostic methods, according to a study ... released to coincide with the American Society of Human ... protein­coding region of the genome (the complete set of ... organism), has been rapidly applied in research settings and ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... German . ... in order to reproduce? And why are there two sexes ... latest issue of the research journal Molecular Human Reproduction ... Ramm from Bielefeld University Bielefeld has compiled this special issue ... a female to copulate with several males in quick succession ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Researchers find why depression and aging linked to increased disease risk 2Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 2Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 3Sperm wars 2
(Date:10/25/2014)... Moines, Iowa (PRWEB) October 24, 2014 ... that Perdue plans to more than double the ... 2015 in geographies supplying its soybean crush facility ... produced from this program will target several markets ... oil alternatives with good performance. , For the ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... Today, Nerium International, a leader in ... its “Reflect Your Youth” contest, an effort launched to ... difference in their skin since using Nerium’s product line, ... life as a result of their newfound confidence. , ... by Nerium International to inspire conversations focused on the ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... MA (PRWEB) October 25, 2014 ... products, is pleased to announce the release of ... the highest level of contamination containment in critical ... Class 3 and higher cleanroom environments, ValuSeal® IonX™ ... polyester knit laundered wiper that continues Berkshire’s innovative ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (OTCBB: RGRX) ("the Company" or "RegeneRx") today ... on Thymosins in Health and Disease in ... beta 4 (TB4) linked with rhodamine (a fluorescent tracer ... rodent model of stroke, it was visualized outside of ... tissue of the brain).   The leakage of TB4 in ...
Breaking Biology Technology:DuPont Pioneer, Perdue AgriBusiness Announce Plans to Double Acreage for the 2015 Plenish® High Oleic Soybean Program 2DuPont Pioneer, Perdue AgriBusiness Announce Plans to Double Acreage for the 2015 Plenish® High Oleic Soybean Program 3DuPont Pioneer, Perdue AgriBusiness Announce Plans to Double Acreage for the 2015 Plenish® High Oleic Soybean Program 4Nerium International™ Inspires Conversation About the Journey of Aging with “Reflect Your Youth” Contest 2Ions Are Bygones, Berkshire Announces the Release of New Innovative Cleanroom Wipers 2Researchers Report Thymosin Beta 4 Crosses Blood-Brain Barrier In Animal Stroke Model 2
Cached News: