HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
In anoxia, why can't humans be more like western painted turtles?

San Diego (April 3, 2005) For a human, mere minutes without oxygen (called anoxia) resulting from cardiac arrest, cerebral stroke or being trapped under water can lead to profound tissue damage and even death. However a Western painted turtle can survive anoxia for months without apparent tissue damage. Why, and how?

"Key to surviving anoxia is the shutting off of energy-utilizing cellular activities, such as the synthesis of proteins and perhaps most importantly reducing the activity of energy intensive ion pumps," according to Leslie T. Buck, a physiologist at University of Toronto's Zoology Department. Whereas turtles and many other animals have shutoff mechanisms, humans and many mammals don't.

"However, basic biochemical pathways are common to almost all species, certainly among reptiles (turtles), fish, birds and mammals," Buck said, adding: "Therefore, the basic signals and pathways that permit anoxia-tolerance in the turtle must also be present in mammals."

In studying the natural mechanisms of anoxia tolerance, Buck's lab focused on a particular ion channel, the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. This receptor/channel is strongly associated with anoxic damage in the mammalian brain by permitting a very large flow of calcium ions into the cell during anoxia. Unlike anoxia-sensitive mammals, this doesn't occur in the western painted turtle's brain.

*Paper presentation: "NMDA receptor regulation by mitochondrial KATP channels and adenosine receptors in cortical neurons of the anoxia-tolerant western painted turtle," 12:30 p.m.-3 p.m. Sunday April 3, Physiology 381.3/board #A558. On view 7:30 a.m. - 4 p.m. Others in the research team are Damian Shin and Matthew Pamenter.

Featured topic: Buck is also participating in "Mechanisms of metabolic depression: comparative aspects," Sunday April 3, room 30 B/C beginning at 10:30 a.m. His presentation is scheduled for noon.

Buck is presenting the research at the 3
'"/>


3-Apr-2005


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Chronically sleep deprived? You cant make up for lost sleep
2. Why some aphids cant stand the heat
3. Museum-fueled global study shows you cant judge biodiversity by its bird
4. You cant scare people into getting fit or going green
5. When nerve cells cant make contact
6. Empty nesters cant let go
7. You cant rely on firearms forensics
8. The reason why antiviral therapy cant annihilate HIV infection, and what to do about it
9. Plankton can run, but cant hide from basking sharks
10. Scientists find viruses cant stick to sea bugs in the dark
11. You cant buy conservation, suggests survey of Africas rain forest parks

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/22/2016)... PROVO and SANDY, Utah ... (NSO), which operates the highest sample volume laboratory in ... Tute Genomics and UNIConnect, leaders in clinical sequencing informatics ... the launch of a project to establish the informatics ... NSO has been contracted by the ...
(Date:3/18/2016)... 18, 2016 --> ... ICT, Manned & Unmanned Vehicles, Physical infrastructure and Perimeter Surveillance ... in the border security market and the continuing migration crisis ... Europe has led visiongain to publish this ... --> defence & security companies in the ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... ALBANY, New York , March 15, 2016 ... a new market report published by Transparency Market Research "Digital ... Growth, Trends and Forecast 2015 - 2023," the global digital ... at US$ 731.9 Mn in 2014 and is forecast to ... to 2023. Growth of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... Founder of ... board-certified in surgery and surgery of the hand by the National Board of ... to going above and beyond in his pursuit of providing the most comprehensive, ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... WEDI, the nation’s leading authority on ... that Charles W. Stellar has been named by the WEDI Board of Directors as ... As an executive leader with more than 35 years of experience in healthcare, association ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... traumatic injuries, will be accelerated by research at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) that ... wound healing and tissue regeneration. , The novel method, developed by WPI faculty ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... Maryland (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... of a newly re-branded identity. The new Media Cybernetics corporate branding reflects a ... world of imaging and image analysis. The re-branding components include a crisp, refreshed ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: