HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Individual differences in a clock gene predict decline of performance during sleep deprivation

People are known to differ markedly in their response to sleep deprivation, but the biological underpinnings of these differences have remained difficult to identify. Researchers have now found that a genetic difference in a so-called clock gene, PERIOD3, makes some people particularly sensitive to the effects of sleep deprivation. The findings, reported by Antoine Viola, Derk-Jan Dijk, and colleagues at the University of Surrey's Sleep Research Center, appear online this week in the journal Current Biology, published by Cell Press.

There are two variants of the PERIOD3 gene found in the human population, encoding either long or short versions of the corresponding protein. Each individual will possess two copies of the gene, either of which might be the long or short form. Previous work had indicated that the different forms of the gene appear to influence characteristic morning and evening activity levelsfor example, "owl" versus "lark" tendencies.

In the new work, a multidisciplinary research team consisting of biological scientists and psychologists compared how individuals possessing only the longer gene variant and those possessing only the shorter one coped with being kept awake for two days, including the intervening night. The researchers found that although some participants struggled to stay awake, others experienced no problems with the task.

The results were most pronounced during the early hours of the morning (between 4 and 8 a.m.), during which individuals with the longer variant of the gene performed very poorly on tests for attention and working memory.

The authors point out that this early-morning period corresponds to stretches of time when shift workers struggle to stay awake, during which many accidents related to sleepiness occur. But the scientists also emphasize that the new research was conducted in the laboratory, and whether forms of the PERIOD3 gene also predict individual differences in the tole
'"/>

Contact: Erin Doonan
edoonan@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press
8-Mar-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Individuals and populations differ in gene activity levels, not just genes
2. Individuals with genetic conditions twice as likely to report health insurance denial
3. Individual differences in taste perception directly related to genetic variation in taste receptors
4. Individual taste receptor variations determine classic PTC bitterness perception
5. Individualized medicine emerging from gene-environment studies
6. Study finds gender differences in renal and other genes contributing to blood pressure
7. Sugar and spice and everything nice: Health differences in newborn girls and boys
8. New tumor markers -- Spot the differences
9. Brains reflect sex differences
10. Gene analysis might explain ethnic differences in sensitivity to chemotherapy in lung cancer
11. Analysis of rhesus monkey genome uncovers genetic differences with humans, chimps

Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/18/2014)...   News Highlights: ... The Partners Data Lake, an agile data and ... will allow researcher and clinicians to explore and ... lives of patients , The Partners Data ... the Partners system, breaking down physical barriers for ...
(Date:11/12/2014)... Nov. 12, 2014 Crossmatch™, a leading provider ... U.are.U ® fingerprint readers have been deployed throughout ... Central Mexico . The bakery chain implemented ... payroll issues caused by employees clocking in for each ... fingerprint readers, Montparnasse relied on paper timecards and a ...
(Date:11/7/2014)... , Nov. 7, 2014  In conjunction with the ... Police Departments, The Community Foundation of the Verdugos has ... DNA JUSTICE PROJECT," a $250,000 initiative to keep the ... phase. In its first six months of existence, the Lab ... evidence support for local law enforcement. "Because our ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 2Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 3Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 4Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 5Montparnasse Pasteleria Achieves Time and Attendance Transparency with Crossmatch U.are.U Fingerprint Readers 2Community Foundation Of The Verdugos Unveils Campaign To Fund Glendale-Burbank DNA Justice Project 2
(Date:11/26/2014)... PMG Research, Inc. announced today the formation of ... sites that provide clinical research services to pharmaceutical companies and ... its partnerships with large physician practices and integrated health systems. ... the Southeastern United States and spans over 60 physician practices. ... will be held by: Dr. Robert Holmes, MD, of PMG ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... 25, 2014 The Pittcon marketing department ... conference and exposition mobile app, Pittcon ... in the App Store for iOS and Android devices ... tool before, during and after the event. It acts ... exhibiting companies, technical sessions, Conferee Networking sessions and short ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... Texas (PRWEB) November 26, 2014 ... Industry is an in-depth research report on the ... the report introduces Palmitic Acid, basic information, including ... policy analysis, and news analysis, etc. , ... analyzes Palmitic Acid market in China ...
(Date:11/24/2014)... , Nov. 24, 2014  IGI Laboratories, Inc. ... based specialty generic pharmaceutical company, today announced it ... to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which ... 2014 to seven, with eighteen submissions now pending at ... President and CEO of the Company, commented, "Our team ...
Breaking Biology Technology:PMG Research Names Medical Advisory Board 2PMG Research Names Medical Advisory Board 3Pittcon Releases 2015 Mobile App 2Palmitic Acid Industry Global 2014 Analysis & 2020 Forecasts on Market data, Statics, Development Now at ReportsnReports.com 2Palmitic Acid Industry Global 2014 Analysis & 2020 Forecasts on Market data, Statics, Development Now at ReportsnReports.com 3IGI Laboratories, Inc. Announces ANDA Submission 2
Cached News: