HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Injection drug use and HIV and HCV infections among Ontario prison inmates

In this issue of CMAJ, 2 research groups report on the prevalence of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in different inmate populations: people in provincial prisons in Quebec, and adult and young offenders admitted to remand facilities (jails, detention centres and youth centres) in Ontario. The Ontario study is highlighted below; the Quebec study appears in a separate release posted on EurekAlert today. In both studies, injection drug use was the most important risk factor, and the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection was much higher than that of HIV infection. Given the high rates of recidivism and the short stays in remand facilities and provincial prisons, the results of these studies have important public health implications and point to the need for preventive measures.

In this Ontario study, Dr. Liviana Calzavara and colleagues assessed data from 1877 adult and young offenders admitted to 13 remand facilities between Feb. 1, 2003, and June 20, 2004. Among the adult offenders, the rate of HIV infection was 11 times higher and the rate of HCV infection 22 times higher than those in the general population. Rates were highest among inmates aged 30 or more and those who reported a history of injection drug use. A history of injection drug use was reported by 30.3% (477/1576) of the adults and 4.7% (14/299) of the young offenders. Two percent of the adults tested positive for HIV antibodies and 17.6% tested positive for HCV antibodies. None of the 299 young offenders tested positive for HIV antibodies, and 1 tested positive for HCV antibodies. Based on these results, the researcher estimated that 1079 HIV-positive adults and 9208 HCV-positive adults were admitted to Ontario remand facilities from Apr. 1, 2003, to Mar. 31, 2004. They recommend targeted education and prevention efforts.

In a related commentary, Richard Elliott, deputy director of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, comments on the continued refusal by fede
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Liviana Calzavara
liviana.calzavara@utoronto.ca
416-978-4643
Canadian Medical Association Journal
30-Jul-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Injection drug use the most important risk factor for HIV and HCV infections among Quebec prisoners
2. Injection may prevent infertility in men receiving cancer chemotherapy
3. Pets could be source of multiresistant bacteria infections in humans, MU researchers investigate
4. Mucins stand guard against gut infections
5. New compound effectively treats fungal infections
6. PET/CT use expands: Effectively diagnosing graft infections
7. Study of unexplained respiratory infections leads researchers to new virus
8. Wellcome Trust and GlaxoSmithKline announce partnership to target drug-resistant hospital infections
9. How do the rules of immunity change during chronic infections?
10. NYUCD study links tooth decay and gum infections to ethnicity and country of origin
11. Study identifies risk factors for spread of respiratory infections in hospitals

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/12/2020)... Mich. (PRWEB) , ... August 11, 2020 , ... ... R&D subsidiary based in Princeton, NJ, have entered into license agreements with Housey ... and development. Both Roche and J&J have annual Research and Development spending ...
(Date:8/7/2020)... ... August 06, 2020 , ... ... is pleased to announce that Eric Chen and Jessica Wong have joined the ... Management & Strategy, respectively. , Eric Chen heads development efforts for Alucio’s flagship ...
(Date:8/5/2020)... ... 2020 , ... Regenative Labs has received approval from the Centers for Medicare ... the first Wharton’s jelly allografts to be assigned a Q code and be approved ... first Wharton’s jelly allograft product to be recognized as a 361 HCT/P by CMS ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/31/2020)... ... July 29, 2020 , ... ... the top radiation centers in 16 countries, has reached its 20th anniversary of ... now in routine use at top universities including University of Pennsylvania, University of ...
(Date:7/18/2020)... ... July 16, 2020 , ... After research model surgery and catheter implantation, the ... is only the beginning of a successful study, while protecting and accessing the catheter ... Global Head of Surgery from Envigo in a live webinar ...
(Date:7/18/2020)... , ... July 17, 2020 , ... ... consulting firm for the life sciences and food industries, is pleased to announce ... of Clinical Research – Business Development. , Charles is an accomplished and results-driven ...
(Date:7/10/2020)... ... July 09, 2020 , ... In most research using ... suppress pigment formation in zebrafish embryos, maintaining optical transparency to facilitate microscopic imaging. ... has been using the zebrafish model to investigate the causes of leukaemia and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: