HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Insight into our sight: A new view on the evolution of the eye lens

The evolution of complex and physiologically remarkable structures such as the vertebrate eye has long been a focus of intrigue and theorizing by biologists. In work reported this week in Current Biology, the evolutionary history of a critical eye protein has revealed a previously unrecognized relationship between certain components of vertebrate eyes and those of the more primitive light-sensing systems of invertebrates. The findings help clarify our conceptual framework for understanding how the vertebrate eye, as we know it, has emerged over evolutionary time.

The work is reported by Sebastian Shimeld at the University of Oxford and colleagues at the University of London and Radboud University in The Netherlands.

Our sight relies on the ability of our eye to form a clear, focused image on the retina. The critical component in focusing is the eye lens, and the physical properties that underlie the transparency of the lens, as well as its ability to precisely refract light, arise from the high concentrations of special proteins called crystallins found in lens cells.

Fish, frogs, birds and mammals all experience image-forming vision, thanks to the fact that their eyes all express crystallins and form a lens; however, the vertebrates' nearest invertebrate relatives, such as sea squirts, have only simple eyes that detect light but are incapable of forming an image. This has lead to the view that the lens evolved within the vertebrates early in vertebrate evolution, and it raises a long-standing question in evolutionary biology: How could a complex organ with such special physical properties have evolved?

In their new work, Shimeld and colleagues approached this question by examining the evolutionary origin of one crystallin protein family, known as the ?-crystallins. Focusing on sea squirts, invertebrate cousins of the vertebrate lineage, the researchers found that these creatures possess a single crystallin gene, which is expressed in
'"/>

Contact: Heidi Hardman
hhardman@cell.com
1-617-397-2879
Cell Press
22-Sep-2005


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Insights into osteosarcoma in cats and dogs may improve palliative care
2. Insight into evolution of adaptive immunity boosted by sea urchin genome sequencing
3. Insights into honey bee sex gene could bring sweet success in breeding
4. Insights into activity-dependent neuronal growth through RSRF-supported research
5. Symposium Environmental Change in Siberia -- Insights From Earth Observation and Modeling
6. Yale technology spins out varicose vein device company: Vascular Insights, LLC
7. Insight into the processes of positive and negative learners
8. Insight into JAK/STAT
9. Insight into cell metabolism will help interpret PETs, MRIs
10. Insight into natural cholesterol control suggests novel cholesterol-lowering therapy
11. Insight into DNAs weakest links may yield clues to cancer biology

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Insight into our sight new view the evolution the eye lens

(Date:10/30/2014)... University researchers have developed a suite of technologies that ... humans, which has applications in everything from search and ... "We,ve developed a platform for computer-mediated communication between humans ... for interpreting dogs, behavioral signals and sending them clear ... an assistant professor of computer science at NC State ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... who lose their hair as a consequence of chemotherapy ... improve the scalp cooling technology that prevents hair loss. ... being pioneered by global scalp cooling manufacturing company, Paxman ... biology department of the University of Huddersfield. , The ... who has a background in the pharmacology of cancer ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... factors, both genetic and environmental, have been blamed ... schizophrenia. Some, such as a family history of ... with Toxoplasma gondii , a parasite transmitted ... still viewed with skepticism. , A new study ... epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania,s School of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New tech aims to improve communication between dogs and humans 2New technology on the way to aid cancer suffers who lose their hair after chemotherapy 2Penn vet professor investigates parasite-schizophrenia connection 2Penn vet professor investigates parasite-schizophrenia connection 3
(Date:10/30/2014)... James Sherley says he has been working ... cell technology since his days as a principal investigator at ... late 1990’s. Sherley founded the ASCTC as a new ... the intellectual property developed in Sherley’s research over the years ... of Technology (MIT), and more recently as a senior scientist ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... 30, 2014 Grace Century portfolio project, ... Manganello, Chairman of the Board, to the National Stem ... appointment was made by the Ministry of Health on behalf ... , More than a year after Bahamian Parliament ... Prime Minister Perry Christie said the government has completed the ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... of the key challenges in the development of quantum ... , In a paper published today (28 October) in ... show how to make a new type of flexibly ... such as high-precision sensors and specialised superfast computers, often ... the methods for trapping these tiny particles are hugely ...
(Date:10/27/2014)... , October 27, 2014 ... right to produce, exhibit and sell its artificial ... to impeach their patent.      (Photo: ... four years of fighting, the definitive judgement has ... and produces innovative and accessible hi-tech prostheses with ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Boston’s Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC Introduces A New Technology for Monitoring Previously Elusive Adult Stem Cells 2Boston’s Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC Introduces A New Technology for Monitoring Previously Elusive Adult Stem Cells 3Boston’s Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC Introduces A New Technology for Monitoring Previously Elusive Adult Stem Cells 4Grace Century’s Stem Cell Biobank Project Announces Chairman’s Appointment to National Stem Cell Ethics Committee of The Bahamas 2Grace Century’s Stem Cell Biobank Project Announces Chairman’s Appointment to National Stem Cell Ethics Committee of The Bahamas 3Italian Lower Limb Prosthesis Company Wins Lawsuit Against German Giant Ottobock 2
Cached News: