HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Irish potato famine disease came from South America

Scientists at North Carolina State University have discovered that the fungus-like pathogen that caused the 1840s Irish potato famine originally came from the Andes of South America.

By comparing the sequences of both the nuclear and the cellular powerhouse, mitochondria, of nearly 100 pathogen samples from South America, Central America, North America and Europe, Dr. Jean Beagle Ristaino, professor of plant pathology at NC State, and a small team of researchers created "gene genealogies" that point the finger at an Andean point of origin for the pathogen, which is known as Phytophthora infestans.

The research is published online in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Like family trees that genealogists use to trace family histories, the scientists used the pathogens' gene genealogy to track migration patterns of the different strains, or haplotypes, of the pathogen. In essence, Ristaino, former grad student Luis Gomez-Alpizar and Dr. Ignazio Carbone, all of NC State's Department of Plant Pathology, figured out how the pathogen's genes changed over time and tracked these changes on maps that look similar to family trees.

"By studying the pathogen's mutations, or changes in DNA, you can tell where the mutations originated and what strains spread to different parts of the world," Ristaino says. Most of the early mutations occurred in Peru and Ecuador in South America, according to the researchers' data.

Ristaino says there are a number of camps on the issue of the pathogen's center of origin. While 19th century scientists believed P. infestans came from South America, some present-day scientists believe Toluca, Mexico, to be the origination point. Early in the 20th century, Ristaino says, Toluca became a center for plant breeding studies, as scientists there collected potato seed from all over the world and tested it for resistance to the pathogen.

Ristaino says, however, that commercial prod
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Jean Ristaino
jean_ristaino@ncsu.edu
919-515-3257
North Carolina State University
1-Mar-2007


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Students discover 11,000 year old remains of Irish Elk
2. Allergy-busting worms, cold water corals and the science of Irishness
3. Potato wart eyed as risk to potato production
4. Being obese and a couch potato may have a biological basis in the brain
5. Malaria, potato famine pathogen share surprising trait
6. Finding rewrites the evolutionary history of the origin of potatoes
7. Researchers find gene that may be at root of potato blight
8. 15 generations of untrained jocks, couch potatoes show big physiological adaptations
9. Icelandic volcano caused historic famine in Egypt, says Rutgers-based team
10. Association between famine and schizophrenia may yield clues about inherited diseases and conditions
11. Gilbert Foundation and American Fed for Aging Research award grants on Alzheimers disease

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/1/2016)... , June 1, 2016 ... in Election Administration and Criminal Identification to Boost Global ... a recently released TechSci Research report, " Global Biometrics ... Region, Competition Forecast and Opportunities, 2011 - 2021", the ... billion by 2021, on account of growing security concerns ...
(Date:5/9/2016)... DUBAI , UAE, May 9, 2016 ... choice when it comes to expanding freedom for high ... Even in today,s globally connected world, there ... online conferencing system could ever duplicate sealing your deal ... are obtaining second passports by taking advantage of citizenship ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... -- Research and Markets has announced the ...  report to their offering.  , ,     (Logo: ... forecast the global multimodal biometrics market to grow ... 2016-2020.  Multimodal biometrics is being implemented ... healthcare, BFSI, transportation, automotive, and government for controlling ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016   Boston ... of novel compounds designed to target cancer stemness ... has been granted Orphan Drug Designation from the ... treatment of gastric cancer, including gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) ... inhibitor designed to inhibit cancer stemness pathways by ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Houston ... with the Cy-Fair Sports Association to serve as ... the agreement, Houston Methodist Willowbrook will provide sponsorship ... and connectivity with association coaches, volunteers, athletes and ... with the Cy-Fair Sports Association and to bring ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June, 23, 2016  The Biodesign Challenge ... envision new ways to harness living systems and biotechnology, ... Art (MoMA) in New York City ... 130 participating students, showcased projects at MoMA,s Celeste Bartos ... Paola Antonelli , MoMA,s senior curator of architecture and ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... STACS DNA Inc., the sample tracking software company, ... Crime Laboratory, has joined STACS DNA as a Field Application Specialist. , “I ... President and COO of STACS DNA. “In further expanding our capacity as a scientific ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: