JCI table of contents -- April 5, 2007

EDITOR'S PICK: Tumors stopped from spreading to new sites

For several types of cancer, persistently high levels of the soluble factor TGF-beta in the blood after surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy correlate with increased risk of early metastasis and a poor prognosis. Using a mouse model of breast cancer, researchers from Vanderbilt University have now generated evidence to suggest that treatment with TGF-beta inhibitors might help such patients.

In the study, which appears online on April 5 in advance of publication in the May print issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Carlos Arteaga and colleagues show that treating mice with mammary tumors with either radiation or the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin increased the level of TGF-beta in their blood, the number of cancer cells in their blood, and the development of lung metastases. Treatment with an inhibitor of TGF-beta blocked the increased lung metastases. Furthermore, mice whose tumors did not express the receptor for TGF-beta did not develop increased incidence of lung metastases after treatment with radiation, indicating that TGF-beta affects the cancer cells directly, enhancing their metastatic function. This study has important clinical implications as it suggests that monitoring TGF-beta levels after primary therapy might indicate the patients most at risk of developing tumor metastases and that treatment with TGF-beta inhibitors might be of clinical benefit to these individuals.

TITLE: Inhibition of TGF-beta with neutralizing antibodies prevents radiation-induced acceleration of metastatic cancer progression

Carlos L. Arteaga
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
Phone: (615) 936-3524; Fax: (615) 936-1790; E-mail: carlos.arteaga@vanderbilt.edu.

View the PDF of this article at:

Contact: Karen Honey
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6

Related biology news :

1. Antioxidant overload may underlie a heritable human disease
2. JCI table of contents: Aug. 9, 2007
3. JCI table of contents: August 1, 2007
4. US Department of Defense awards $1.6 million for implantable biochip research
5. More fish oil, less vegetable oil, better for your health
6. JCI table of contents -- July 26, 2007
7. JCI table of contents: July 19, 2007
8. JCI table of contents: July 12, 2007
9. JCI table of contents: June 21, 2007
10. JCI table of contents: June 14, 2007
11. Food safety begins as vegetables grow

Post Your Comments:

(Date:6/22/2016)... LOS ANGELES , June 22, 2016 ... of identity management and verification solutions, has ... cutting edge software solutions for Visitor Management, ... ® provides products that add functional ... The partnership provides corporations and venues with ...
(Date:6/21/2016)... 21, 2016 NuData Security announced today that ... of principal product architect and that Jon ... customer development. Both will report directly to ... moves reflect NuData,s strategic growth in its product ... customer demand and customer focus values. ...
(Date:6/16/2016)... FRANCISCO , June 16, 2016 ... size is expected to reach USD 1.83 ... by Grand View Research, Inc. Technological proliferation and ... banking applications are expected to drive the market ... ) , The development of advanced ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... -- Global demand for enzymes is forecast to grow ... billion.  This market includes enzymes used in industrial ... animal feed, and other markets) and specialty applications ... beverages will remain the largest market for enzymes, ... containing enzymes in developing regions.  These and other ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... innovative medical technologies, services and solutions to the healthcare market. The company's primary ... various distribution, manufacturing, sales and marketing strategies that are necessary to help companies ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... DIEGO , June 24, 2016 ... more sensitively detects cancers susceptible to PARP inhibitors ... circulating tumor cells (CTCs). The new test has ... HRD-targeted therapeutics in multiple cancer types. ... targeting DNA damage response pathways, including PARP, ATM, ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016   Boston Biomedical , an ... designed to target cancer stemness pathways, announced that ... Orphan Drug Designation from the U.S. Food and ... cancer, including gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer. Napabucasin is ... inhibit cancer stemness pathways by targeting STAT3, and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: