HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
JCI table of contents -- April 5, 2007

EDITOR'S PICK: Tumors stopped from spreading to new sites

For several types of cancer, persistently high levels of the soluble factor TGF-beta in the blood after surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy correlate with increased risk of early metastasis and a poor prognosis. Using a mouse model of breast cancer, researchers from Vanderbilt University have now generated evidence to suggest that treatment with TGF-beta inhibitors might help such patients.

In the study, which appears online on April 5 in advance of publication in the May print issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Carlos Arteaga and colleagues show that treating mice with mammary tumors with either radiation or the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin increased the level of TGF-beta in their blood, the number of cancer cells in their blood, and the development of lung metastases. Treatment with an inhibitor of TGF-beta blocked the increased lung metastases. Furthermore, mice whose tumors did not express the receptor for TGF-beta did not develop increased incidence of lung metastases after treatment with radiation, indicating that TGF-beta affects the cancer cells directly, enhancing their metastatic function. This study has important clinical implications as it suggests that monitoring TGF-beta levels after primary therapy might indicate the patients most at risk of developing tumor metastases and that treatment with TGF-beta inhibitors might be of clinical benefit to these individuals.

TITLE: Inhibition of TGF-beta with neutralizing antibodies prevents radiation-induced acceleration of metastatic cancer progression

AUTHOR CONTACT:
Carlos L. Arteaga
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
Phone: (615) 936-3524; Fax: (615) 936-1790; E-mail: carlos.arteaga@vanderbilt.edu.

View the PDF of this article at:

Contact: Karen Honey
press_releases@the-jci.org
215-573-1850
Journal of Clinical Investigation
5-Apr-2007


Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6

Related biology news :

1. Antioxidant overload may underlie a heritable human disease
2. JCI table of contents: Aug. 9, 2007
3. JCI table of contents: August 1, 2007
4. US Department of Defense awards $1.6 million for implantable biochip research
5. More fish oil, less vegetable oil, better for your health
6. JCI table of contents -- July 26, 2007
7. JCI table of contents: July 19, 2007
8. JCI table of contents: July 12, 2007
9. JCI table of contents: June 21, 2007
10. JCI table of contents: June 14, 2007
11. Food safety begins as vegetables grow

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: JCI table contents April

(Date:4/17/2014)... hydrogen sulfide in order to properly multiply and form ... Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology at the Herman Ostrow ... principal investigator on the project, said the presence of ... of calcium ions. The essential ions activate a chain ... creation of new bone tissue, and keeps the breakdown ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... in German . ... money demanded of him, he can expect his premises to ... fear of the consequences is enough to make restaurant owners ... which lay their eggs in other birds, nests. If the ... take their revenge by destroying the entire nest. Consequently, it ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... France have hit on a novel method to ... correct and most effective treatment possible., Kidney stones ... and developing world. If left untreated, apart from ... failure and other complications. In many patients treated ... a more effective pathological approach to diagnosis and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Fear of the cuckoo mafia 2Fear of the cuckoo mafia 3
(Date:1/14/2014)... DC (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 Carahsoft ... for Thursday, January 23, 2014 at 2pm EST (11am ... Knowledge.” The topic focuses on how technology can turn ... critical decisions for government agencies. The online webinar will ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... BURLINGAME, Calif. , Jan. 14, 2014 As pet owners ... no doubt many of them wrote: "Take better care of my ... and even designer clothes and top-brand carrying cases to take the ... Pet parents might also feel compelled to buy some pricey toys ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... BETHESDA, Md. , Jan. 14, 2014  Organovo ... institutes from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to ... more effective treatments to patients on a faster timeline. ... Translational Sciences (NCATS) and the National Eye Institute (NEI) ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... 14, 2014  RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation (OTCQX: RXII), a ... innovative therapies addressing major unmet medical needs using ... Notice of Allowance from the United States Patent ... compounds (sd-rxRNA®), for the treatment of fibrosis. The ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Webcast - Natural Language Processing: Converting Raw Data into Actionable Knowledge – Hosted by Carahsoft and CDS Federal Services 2New Year's Resolution: Give Pets the Gift of Top-Notch Health Care 2Organovo Announces Collaboration with National Institutes of Health 2Organovo Announces Collaboration with National Institutes of Health 3RXi Pharmaceuticals Receives US Notice of Allowance for a Key Patent Relating to its Self-Delivering Technology with sd-rxRNAs targeting CTGF, including RXI-109, for the Treatment of Fibrotic Disorders 2RXi Pharmaceuticals Receives US Notice of Allowance for a Key Patent Relating to its Self-Delivering Technology with sd-rxRNAs targeting CTGF, including RXI-109, for the Treatment of Fibrotic Disorders 3
Cached News: