HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
MIT: Engineered yeast speeds ethanol production

CAMBRIDGE, Mass.--MIT scientists have engineered yeast that can improve the speed and efficiency of ethanol production, a key component to making biofuels a significant part of the U.S. energy supply.

Currently used as a fuel additive to improve gasoline combustibility, ethanol is often touted as a potential solution to the growing oil-driven energy crisis. But there are significant obstacles to producing ethanol: One is that high ethanol levels are toxic to the yeast that ferments corn and other plant material into ethanol.

By manipulating the yeast genome, the researchers have engineered a new strain of yeast that can tolerate elevated levels of both ethanol and glucose, while producing ethanol faster than un-engineered yeast.

The work will be reported in the Dec. 8 issue of Science.

Fuels such as E85, which is 85 percent ethanol, are becoming common in states where corn is plentiful; however, their use is mainly confined to the Midwest because corn supplies are limited and ethanol production technology is not yet efficient enough.

Boosting efficiency has been an elusive goal, but the MIT researchers, led by Hal Alper, a postdoctoral associate in the laboratories of Professor Gregory Stephanopoulos of chemical engineering and Professor Gerald Fink of the Whitehead Institute, took a new approach.

The key to the MIT strategy is manipulating the genes encoding proteins responsible for regulating gene transcription and, in turn, controlling the repertoire of genes expressed in a particular cell. These types of transcription factors bind to DNA and turn genes on or off, essentially controlling what traits a cell expresses.

The traditional way to genetically alter a trait, or phenotype, of an organism is to alter the expression of genes that affect the phenotype. But for traits influenced by many genes, it is difficult to change the phenotype by altering each of those genes, one at a time.

Tar
'"/>

Contact: Elizabeth Thomson
thomson@mit.edu
617-258-5402
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
7-Dec-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Engineered blood vessels function like native tissue
2. Engineered protein effective against Staphylococcus aureus toxin
3. Engineered yeast speeds ethanol production
4. Engineered mouse mimics cognitive aspects of schizophrenia
5. Engineered heart tissue offers insights into irregular heartbeats, defibrillator failure
6. Engineered stem cells show promise for sneaking drugs into the brain
7. Engineered molecule amplifies bodys immune response
8. Engineered skin offers clues to melanoma development
9. Tiny tweezers and yeast help St. Jude show how cancer drug works
10. Hives ferment a yeasty brew, attract beetle pest
11. Vitamin extends life in yeast, Dartmouth Medical School researchers find

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:7/1/2020)... ... 2020 , ... Cure Glioblastoma, a registered 501(c)(3) nonprofit research ... adult brain cancer—announced today the appointments of its first Senior Fellows: John Boockvar, ... organization’s initiatives and overall vision. , "Senior Fellows are more than advisors; they ...
(Date:6/28/2020)... ... , ... In an upcoming episode scheduled for the fall of 2020, Advancements ... (POCT). Check local listings for more info. , Today, the majority of testing is ... labs throughout the country. Results are then available several days later. Now, in an ...
(Date:6/23/2020)... ... June 23, 2020 , ... ... monoclonal antibody development services, today announced that the company has received ISO9001:2015 ... the pharmaceutical, diagnostics, and research industries. The decision to pursue ISO9001 accreditation ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/12/2020)... ... August 12, 2020 , ... ... (EMMA International), a global leader in FDA compliance consulting has been named on ... private companies. The list represents a unique look at the most successful companies ...
(Date:8/3/2020)... ... August 03, 2020 , ... ... Corrigan, President and CEO has been named one of the 100 most inspiring ... sectors, PharmaVoice 100 honorees are selected based on how they have inspired their ...
(Date:7/31/2020)... Ariz. (PRWEB) , ... July 29, 2020 , ... R3 ... joint injections for only $3950. With 50 million stem cells total, patients may choose ... stem cell therapy works for arthritic joints (BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016). At R3 International, ...
(Date:7/31/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... July 29, 2020 , ... ... reliable, solid-state radar transmitter systems that can be configured to drive Klystrons, TWTs, ... controller that can drive one or two switches in a push-pull configuration; yielding ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: