HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Man and mouse share genome structures

In the most detailed large-scale study to date of the proteins that package DNA, researchers have mapped a family of switches that turn genes on and off. Their findings may help scientists understand regulatory mechanisms underlying cancer and human development.

The research team includes first author Bradley Bernstein, recipient of a Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) physician postdoctoral fellowship who works in the Harvard University laboratory of HHMI investigator Stuart L. Schreiber. Other co-authors are from the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, and Affymetrix. Their findings are published in the January 28, 2005 issue of Cell.

"Now that the human genome has been sequenced, it is vital to learn how the genome is translated to make living cells and organisms, and how we can use that information to improve human health," said Bernstein, who is an instructor of pathology at Brigham & Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School. "Every one of our cells has the same genome, yet is completely different. Muscle cells are different from neurons. They are different because different genes are on."

Many scientists believe changes in the regulatory scaffolding surrounding the genome may be as important as changes in the genome itself in causing diseases such as cancer.

This regulatory structure, called chromatin, is a key regulator of gene expression in healthy and diseased cells, Bernstein said. Chromatin is composed of DNA spooled around bundles of histone proteins, and resembles a chain of beads which is then compressed into a working chromosome. Chemical tags placed on the histones alter the way chromatin is organized, thus allowing the right combination of genes to be turned on.

In their study, the researchers analyzed the chromatin structure of the two shortest human chromosomes, numbers 21 and 22, containing about two percent of the human genome. They also sampled additional regions in both the human and mouse gen
'"/>

Contact: Jennifer Donovan
donovanj@hhmi.org
301-215-8859
Howard Hughes Medical Institute
28-Jan-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. OHSU turns mouse into factory for human liver cells
2. Virtual mouse brains now available online
3. New approaches to endometriosis treatment -- mouse experiments point the way
4. New mouse model closely mimics human cancers
5. Statin treatment improves spatial memory in mouse models of Alzheimers
6. Treatment extends survival in mouse model of spinal muscular atrophy
7. UCSF stem cell study reveals cells capability in mouse brain tissue repair
8. Mutant mouse provides insights into breast cancer
9. Mapping the mouse genome
10. MRSA vaccine shows promise in mouse study
11. Researchers create mouse lacking key inflammation gene

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Man and mouse share genome structures

(Date:10/16/2014)... efficiently, they are anything but sustainable: environmental damage ... is becoming increasingly evident. Despite their disadvantages, however, ... regarded as the sole possibility of achieving higher ... Bernhard Schmid, an ecology professor at the University ... agriculture and forestry. After all, a new study ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... the pandemic risk from strains of influenza virus increases ... ourselves to become complacent that the most substantial threats ... , Influenza pandemics arise when a new virus strain ... immunity – spreads in the human population. There have ... the worst of which – the 1918 Spanish Flu ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... Conn. , Oct. 15, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... biometric authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce market releases ... MarketSite in Times Square on Monday October 13 th . ... CTO David Tunnel and angel investor Mr. Chad ... Pereira , CEO of NXT-ID thanked his investors and employees "for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Plant communities produce greater yield than monocultures 2Plant communities produce greater yield than monocultures 3Scientists 'must not become complacent' when assessing pandemic threat from flu viruses 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 3
(Date:10/19/2014)... October 19, 2014 The report "Chocolate, ... Share, Trade, Prices, Geography Trend and Forecast (2011 - ... category, and geography and studies the major market drivers, ... America, Europe, and Asia. , The global chocolate market ... $98.3 billion in 2016 at an estimated CAGR of ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... 19, 2014 According to market ... Points; WLAN Controllers; Wireless gateways)]- Global Advancements, Forecasts ... the global Outdoor Wi-Fi market with analysis and ... MarketsandMarkets also identifies the drivers and the restrains ... trends, opportunities and challenges. , Browse 65 market ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... 2014 The report "1,6-Hexanediol Market ... Forecasts to 2019", analyzes the global market on ... understand the industry details such as the key ... geographic regions. , Browse 81 Market Data Tables ... in-depth TOC on “1,6-Hexanediol Market by Application and ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... The Asia-Pacific Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) display market ... with analysis and forecast of revenue. This market was ... to reach $380.0 million by 2018, at a CAGR ... the TOC of the Asia-Pacific LCoS display market report, ... This also provides a glimpse of the segmentation of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Outdoor Wi-Fi Market (by Access Points, WLAN Controllers, Wireless gateways) Expected to Cross $37.2 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Outdoor Wi-Fi Market (by Access Points, WLAN Controllers, Wireless gateways) Expected to Cross $37.2 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Outdoor Wi-Fi Market (by Access Points, WLAN Controllers, Wireless gateways) Expected to Cross $37.2 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 41,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 21,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 31,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 41,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 5The Asia-Pacific Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) display market is expected to reach $380.0 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) display market is expected to reach $380.0 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3
Cached News: