HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Max Planck researchers make a breakthrough in plant stem cell research

Totipotent stem cells allow plants to build new organs throughout their whole life. But it has been unclear how hormones and genetic factors work together to prevent plants from having growth that is either stunted, or uncontrolled and tumor-like. Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology have now uncovered a feedback mechanism, involving a growth-enhancing hormone and a regulatory protein, which controls the number of stem cells the plant produces. (Nature, December 22, 2005). The results are of great importance for all of stem cell research.

All above ground parts of a plant - leaves, stem, flowers, and seeds - ultimately are derived from cells of a small tissue at the tip of the shoot. Biologists call this tissue the "apical meristem", and it contains totipotent stem cells that are active throughout the life of the plant. Unlike the stem cells of animals, which can only produce specific kinds of tissue after the animal is past its embryonic stage, plant stem cells remain their totipotency and, therefore plants can continue growing over many years, developing new organs.

But this ability comes at a price. If the number of meristematic stem cells increases too quickly, then there could be uncontrolled growth, similar to cancer. On the other hand, if the stem cell pool shrinks too quickly, the plant could have stunted growth. In order to stay alive and reproduce, the plant needs to find the right balance in the number of its stem cells. Two regulatory mechanisms were found to be important for this process. The first involves growth-promoting hormones like auxin and cytokinin, known already for more than half a century. The second involves genetic factors, which were discovered at the University of Tübingen, Germany about a decade ago. Here it was shown that a gene called WUSCHEL has a key influence on how many cells in the apical meristem actually stay stem cells. However, until now, it was unclear how hormones and regulatory
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Jan Lohmann
jan.lohmann@tuebingen.mpg.de
497-071-601-1405
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
22-Dec-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. 454 Life Sciences and Max Planck publish sequence of one million base pairs
2. Max Planck researchers win part of Descartes Research Prize 2005
3. Global commitment of Max Planck researchers
4. Four Max Planck Partner Groups starting in India
5. First Max Planck Partner Institute in China
6. Innovative tagging technique may help researchers better protect fish stocks
7. Penn researchers discover how key protein stops inflammation
8. ASU researchers partner with UOP to make biofuel for military jets a reality
9. Einstein researchers prototype vaccine could provide improved protection against tuberculosis
10. Penn researchers discover pathway that eliminates genetic defects in red blood cells
11. U-M researchers find family of on switches that cause prostate cancer

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Max Planck researchers make breakthrough plant stem cell research

(Date:8/4/2015)... Aug. 04, 2015 ... has announced the addition of the ... and Service), Sub-Segment (Computer Forensics, Network Forensics, ... Types, Service, Vertical and Region - Global ... offering. By Component (Hardware, Software, ...
(Date:8/4/2015)... Aug. 4, 2015  AMRI (NASDAQ: AMRI ) today reported ... 2015. Highlights: , Second quarter contract revenue ... 2014 , Adjusted contract margins of ... $0.22, including a $0.05 decrease in EPS from royalties in the ... million "We are very pleased to present another ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... SAN JOSE, Calif. , Aug. 3, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... developer of human interface solutions, today announced that members ... investment community at the Pacific Crest Global Technology Leadership ... Mountain Time. The conference will be held at the ... The presentation may include forward-looking information. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Digital Forensics Market - The Market Represents a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 11.3% From 2015 to 2020 2AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 2AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 3AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 4AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 5AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 6AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 7AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 8AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 9AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 10AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 11AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 12AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 13AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 14AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 15AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 16AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 17AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 18AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 19AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 20AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 21AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 22AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 23AMRI Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results 24
(Date:8/4/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... August 04, 2015 , ... ... bushing materials for pumps and process equipment, announces the appointment of Dennis Rawle ... the marine and industrial industries. Most recently, he was General Manager and Technical ...
(Date:8/4/2015)... According to a new ... Cardiac Biomarker - Market Opportunities, and Forecast, 2014-2020", ... revenue of $2,085.9 million by 2020, registering a ... Troponins (T, I) would continue to dominate the ... sensitivity and specificity.      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140911/647229) ...
(Date:8/4/2015)... , Aug. 4, 2015 Trigemina, Inc., ... of non-narcotic, nasally delivered, analgesic drug products, announced today ... to the position of chief medical officer. Dr. Kori ... Trigemina, much of which has been focused in the ... to add Dr. Kori to our clinical team given ...
(Date:8/4/2015)... ... August 04, 2015 , ... RPS ... tests – today announced that Robert A. Gregg, PhD, has joined RPS as ... 30 years of relevant experience and remarkable achievements in the medical device and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Dennis Rawle Joins Graphite Metallizing Corporation 2Cardiac Biomarker Market is Expected to Reach $2,085.9 Million by 2020 2Cardiac Biomarker Market is Expected to Reach $2,085.9 Million by 2020 3Cardiac Biomarker Market is Expected to Reach $2,085.9 Million by 2020 4Cardiac Biomarker Market is Expected to Reach $2,085.9 Million by 2020 5Trigemina Appoints Dr. Shashi Kori to the Position of Chief Medical Officer 2Trigemina Appoints Dr. Shashi Kori to the Position of Chief Medical Officer 3RPS Diagnostics Welcomes Robert Gregg as Senior Vice President of Clinical and Regulatory Affairs 2RPS Diagnostics Welcomes Robert Gregg as Senior Vice President of Clinical and Regulatory Affairs 3
Cached News: