HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Mayo researcher discovers target site for developing mosquito pesticides

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- A Mayo Clinic researcher has discovered a target site within malaria-carrying mosquitoes that could be used to develop pesticides that are toxic to the Anopheles gambiae mosquito and other mosquito species. It would not affect humans and other mammals. If supported by further studies, the findings could offer a safer and more effective control of mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria.

Yuan-Ping Pang, Ph.D., a chemist and expert in computer-aided molecular design at Mayo Clinic, identified two unique amino acid residues called cysteine (286) and arginine (339). These exist in three mosquito species and the German cockroach.

Dr. Pang's findings are significant because the residues could potentially be used as a target site for a pesticide that would incapacitate only insects that carry these residues, which do not exist in mammals. The findings appear in the current issue of PLoS ONE, a new, peer-reviewed, open-access journal published by the Public Library of Science.

"These findings suggest that new pesticides can be designed to target only the mosquito enzyme. Such pesticides could be used in small quantities to harm mosquitoes, but not mammals," Dr. Pang says. "We've developed a blueprint for a pesticide that could incapacitate malaria-carrying mosquitoes. We are currently making a prototype of the new pesticide."

Most pesticides today work by crippling the serine residue, which is another amino acid of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase and is located at the active site of the enzyme. This serine residue is present in both insects and mammals and therefore, any pesticide targeting this amino acid affects both insects and mammals.

Acetylcholinesterase is a vital enzyme to both insects and mammals. It breaks down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which is a primary neurotransmitter in the brain that is associated with memory and cognition.

Dr. Pang, director of Mayo Clinic's Computer-Aide
'"/>

Contact: Amy Reyes
newsbureau@mayo.edu
507-284-5005
Mayo Clinic
20-Dec-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Innovative tagging technique may help researchers better protect fish stocks
2. Penn researchers discover how key protein stops inflammation
3. ASU researchers partner with UOP to make biofuel for military jets a reality
4. Einstein researchers prototype vaccine could provide improved protection against tuberculosis
5. Penn researchers discover pathway that eliminates genetic defects in red blood cells
6. U-M researchers find family of on switches that cause prostate cancer
7. 2007 EURYI: 20 young researchers to receive Nobel Prize-sized awards for breakthrough ideas
8. Pets could be source of multiresistant bacteria infections in humans, MU researchers investigate
9. MGH researchers confirm that bone marrow restores fertility in female mice
10. Smithsonians National Zoo researchers use electronic eggs to help save threatened species
11. U-M researchers identify gene involved in breast cancer

Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/12/2014)... Fla. , Nov. 12, 2014 Crossmatch™, ... today that its U.are.U ® fingerprint readers have ... chain in Central Mexico . The ... 2014 to eliminate payroll issues caused by employees clocking ... installing the U.are.U fingerprint readers, Montparnasse relied on paper ...
(Date:11/10/2014)... shelves in early 2010, and people have used them ... be tossed into a washing machine without ever having ... though, has come with risks for young children. , ... found that from 2012 through 2013, U.S. poison control ... years of age swallowing, inhaling, or otherwise being exposed ...
(Date:11/7/2014)... conjunction with the Glendale and ... the Verdugos has announced the " GLENDALE - ... to keep the Verdugo Regional Crime Lab operational after its ... existence, the Lab has processed more than 400 DNA samples, ... "Because our number one priority is the wellbeing of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Montparnasse Pasteleria Achieves Time and Attendance Transparency with Crossmatch U.are.U Fingerprint Readers 2Study finds laundry detergent pods, serious poisoning risk for children 2Community Foundation Of The Verdugos Unveils Campaign To Fund Glendale-Burbank DNA Justice Project 2
(Date:11/18/2014)... (PRWEB) November 17, 2014 RPS ... diagnostic tests – today announces its third annual ... Prevention’s (CDC) Get Smart About Antibiotics Week from ... is a national campaign designed to highlight the ... departments, and non-profit and for-profit partners to provide ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... 2014 pH measurement and control is ... pharmaceutical, chemical, and food and beverage industries. But what ... how do pH sensors work? METTLER TOLEDO has produced ... process industries with these questions and more. , METTLER ... the process industries. The actual sensor, the pH electrode, ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... Alanda Software, a leading global ... announced today that a top tier global biopharmaceutical ... solution in both the U.S. and EU markets. ... Data Quality remediation portal, designed to help both ... improve their ability to capture, transmit and receive ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... (PRWEB) November 18, 2014 Brothers Josh ... the launch of PAWSitively Curing Cancer, Inc . ... new 501(c) (3) non-profit organization is dedicated to raising ... goes directly to the University of Florida College ... with PAWSitively Curing Cancer as the recipient of this ...
Breaking Biology Technology:RPS Again Partners with the CDC in Support of the 2014 Get Smart About Antibiotics Week 2RPS Again Partners with the CDC in Support of the 2014 Get Smart About Antibiotics Week 3pH Guide from METTLER TOLEDO Explains Measurement, Theory and Practice of pH Applications 2Alanda Software Completes Successful Implementation of Global Data Quality & Vendor Management Solution for Top Tier Global Biopharmaceutical Company 2PAWSitively Curing Cancer, Inc. Launched By Two Children for National Pet Cancer Awareness Month 2PAWSitively Curing Cancer, Inc. Launched By Two Children for National Pet Cancer Awareness Month 3
Cached News: