HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Meconium: Baby's first stool may provide clues to fetal alcohol exposure

  • Fetal alcohol exposure is usually determined through self-reported maternal consumption.
  • New research shows that certain fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in meconium may provide dependable biomarkers of fetal alcohol exposure.
  • FAEEs ethyl linoleate and ethyl arachidonate appear particularly promising.

Fetal alcohol exposure is usually determined through self-reported maternal consumption. Self-reported drinking, however, is often an unreliable measure. Researchers have found that the presence of certain fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in meconium may provide a dependable biomarker of fetal alcohol exposure.

Results are published in the July 2006 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

"There are only a few biomarkers that indicate if an infant has been exposed to alcohol during pregnancy, and most of them are not strictly associated with alcohol use," said Enrique M. Ostrea, Jr., professor of pediatrics at Wayne State University. "In this study, we have found a direct association between the presence of certain FAEEs and alcohol use." Ostrea, Jr. is also the corresponding author for the study.

When people drink alcohol, it combines with certain fats in the body known as fatty acids, and FAEEs are formed. These "markers" are either deposited in tissues or, in the case of a growing fetus, in fetal urine or meconium.

"People characteristically underreport the amount of alcohol they drink," said Michael Laposata, director of clinical laboratories at the Massachusetts General Hospital and professor of pathology at Harvard Medical School. "One can measure blood alcohol but it disappears from the blood relatively quickly after drinking stops, so only very recent intake can be documented. FAEEs are 'long-term markers' of alcohol intake because they stay much longer in blood than alcohol itself and, in this case, accumulate in meconium."

For this study, resear
'"/>


25-Jun-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Babys helping hands
2. Babys genes affect moms cholesterol levels
3. Saudi Arabias KAUST names WHOI first research partner
4. Which came first, the moth or the cactus?
5. In a first, Einstein scientists discover the dynamics of transcription in living mammalian cells
6. Seawater intrusion is the first cause of contamination of coastal aquifers
7. Camera-shy deer caught for first time
8. CTRC enrolls first patients in novel phase II study for sarcoma -- living virus destroys cancer cell
9. New joint replacement material developed at MGH put to first clinical use
10. Liverpool amongst first in UK to install unique DNA sequencing technology
11. A first-principles model of early evolution

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 21, 2017   Neurotechnology , ... recognition technologies, today announced the release of the ... which provides improved facial recognition using up to ... a single computer. The new version uses deep ... accuracy, and it utilizes a Graphing Processing Unit ...
(Date:3/16/2017)... 2017 CeBIT 2017 - Against identity fraud with DERMALOG solutions "Made ... ... Used combined in one project, multi-biometric solutions provide a crucial contribution against identity ... Used combined in one project, multi-biometric ... ...
(Date:3/7/2017)... CITY , March 7, 2017   HireVue ... help top global companies identify the best talent, faster, ... as Chief Sales Officer (CSO) and Diana Kucer ... appointments round out a seasoned executive team poised to drive ... beyond, building on a year of record bookings in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... monitoring solutions, today announced the hire of Dr. Sigmund “Sig” Floyd as Vice ... applications, strategic partnerships and joint development activities. , “Dr. Floyd’s career has spanned ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 22, 2017 Good Start ... it has eclipsed the 130 million covered lives mark ... Shield of Texas . With newly ... Company continues to enjoy strong payor acceptance based on ... clinical programs and genetic counseling, its industry-leading customer care ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... 22, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - FACIT announced a seed ... "Propellon"), a start-up created by FACIT focused on ... investment, combined with non-dilutive capital, achieves a targeted ... funding enables Propellon to accelerate the nomination of ... financing and/or entering a strategic partnership for clinical ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... March 21, 2017 , ... Proper ... information on the desired increase and/or decrease in antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity or complement-dependent ... profiling of therapeutic antibodies. , To meet this demand, the team at ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: