HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Mouse FH knockout resembles human renal cell cancer

A new mouse model is providing valuable insight into the biochemical pathways that are associated with development of renal cysts and renal cell cancer. The research, published in the April issue of the journal Cancer Cell, published by Cell Press, provides new information about the relationship between hypoxia and cancer progression. In addition, it is likely that this mouse model may prove to be a useful tool for testing therapeutic strategies for renal cell cancer.

Mutations in the Krebs cycle enzyme fumarate hydratase (FH) tumor suppressor gene are present in individuals with renal cysts and renal cell cancer (HLRCC). These mutations are also linked to overexpression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), a transcription factor that is activated when cells are exposed to an environment that is deficient in oxygen. In order to provide a model of HLRCC as well as to further examine the role of Krebs cycle dysfunction in cancer initiation and progression, Dr. Patrick J. Pollard from the Molecular and Population Genetics Laboratory at the London Research Institute and colleagues created a kidney-specific Fh1-deficient mouse model.

The researchers observed that, like humans, the Fh1-deficient mice developed clonal and proliferative renal cysts that exhibited a characteristic overexpression of HIF. The animals eventually succumbed to renal failure. Additional studies went on to show that Fh1 inactivation in mouse embryonic stem cells leads to upregulated HIF. The researchers propose that activation of the hypoxia pathway is likely to be the cause of the cysts in the mice and that if the cysts had not caused renal failure, progression to malignancy may have occurred.

Results from these studies demonstrate that inactivation of FH in the kidney causes activation of the hypoxia pathway and formation of numerous cysts. The researchers conclude that FH deficiency is a direct cause of the increased HIF expression observed in HLRCC tumors and tha
'"/>

Contact: Erin Doonan
edoonan@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press
9-Apr-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Mouse model advances understanding of synovial sarcoma
2. Mouse stem cell line advance suggests potential for IVF-incompetent eggs
3. Mouse model underestimates the critical role of Tyk2 in human immune system
4. Mouse DNA to aid biomedical research
5. Mouse strain with gene stutter will help leukemia research
6. Knockout Mouse Project
7. NIH launches Knockout Mouse Project
8. Mouse mimics chronic leukemia, will aid drug development
9. Mouse, frog and bird put Snail and Slug to different uses
10. Mouse study reveals human X-SCID gene therapy poses substantial cancer risk
11. Mouse to man: The story of chromosomes

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/20/2016)... 20, 2016   MedNet Solutions , an innovative ... of clinical research, is pleased to announce the attainment ... are the result of the company,s laser focus on ... , it,s comprehensive, easy-to-use and highly affordable cloud-based ... Key MedNet growth achievements in 2015 include: ...
(Date:1/18/2016)... JOSE, Calif. , Jan. 18, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... security software that simplifies the use and access ... technology and go-to-market partnership with American Cyber.  ... Cyber brings extensive experience leading transformational C4ISR and ... implementing and integrating the latest proven technology solutions," ...
(Date:1/13/2016)... 2016 --> ... market report titled - Biometric Sensors Market - Global Industry ... 2023. According to the report, the global biometric sensors market was valued ... reach US$1,625.8 mn by 2023, expanding at a CAGR ... volume, the biometric sensors market is expected to reach ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... Calif. , Feb. 11, 2016  Dovetail Genomics™ ... to its beta program for a planned metagenomic genome ... present the company,s metagenomic genome assembly method in a ... in Genome Biology & Technology conference in ... of these highly complex datasets is difficult. Using its ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... 11, 2016 , ... Global Stem Cells Group, ... Ecuador. The new facility will provide advanced protocols and state-of-the-art techniques in cellular ... , The new GSCG clinic is headed by four prominent Ecuadorian physicians, ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... is introducing a hybrid membership model which will provide ... joining or renewing through an organizational purchasing model. For ... employee in any size association or AMC office can ... benefits.   John H. Graham, IV , ... organizations of any size and their employees to gain ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... Benchmark ... today the promotion of two long-standing principal investigators (PI) to the roles of ... Research and Development. , Dr. Laurence Chu, a Benchmark Research PI in the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: