HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Multi-species genome comparison sheds new light on evolutionary processes, cancer mutations

BETHESDA, Md., Thurs., July 21, 2005 An international team that includes researchers from the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has discovered that mammalian chromosomes have evolved by breaking at specific sites rather than randomly as long thought and that many of the breakage hotspots are also involved in human cancer.

In a study published in the July 22 issue of the journal Science, a team of 25 scientists from the United States, France and Singapore compared the organization of the chromosomes of eight mammalian species: human, mouse, rat, cow, pig, dog, cat and horse. Using sophisticated computer software to align and compare the mammals' genetic material, or genomes, the team determined that chromosomes tend to break in the same places as species evolve, resulting in rearrangements of their DNA. Prior to the discovery of these breakage hotspots, the prevailing view among scientists was that such rearrangements occurred at random locations.

"This study shows the tremendous power of using multi-species genome comparisons to understand evolutionary processes, including those with potential relevance to human disease," said NHGRI Scientific Director Eric D. Green, M.D., Ph.D. "The dog genome map generated by NHGRI researchers and their collaborators played a key role in these new analyses. Furthermore, the team took full advantage of the wealth of human, mouse and rat genome sequence data generated by the recently completed Human Genome Project."

Chromosomes are the threadlike "packages" of DNA located in the nucleus of each cell. When cells divide, a chromosome occasionally breaks and the fragment can get stuck onto another chromosome. In addition, fragments may break off from two different chromosomes and swap places.

Chromosomal breakages, also referred to as translocations, are thought to be important in terms of evolution. When chromosomes break in egg or sperm c
'"/>

Contact: Leslie Saint-Julien
lsaintj@mail.nih.gov
301-402-0911
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute
21-Jul-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Multi-species herbivore outbreak follows El Nio drought in Panama
2. Unravelling new complexity in the genome
3. One species, many genomes
4. First genome-wide study of infectious disease opens new avenues for HIV treatment, vaccines
5. Charting ever-changing genomes
6. Neutral evolution has helped shape our genome
7. Sea anemone genome provides new view of our multi-celled ancestors
8. Cloning the male genome may help infertile men
9. Mutating the entire genome
10. Exploring the dark matter of the genome
11. New findings challenge established views on human genome

Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/24/2014)...  Since its launch in December 2014, the 1U™ ... of trying to remember their usernames and passwords through replacing ... smartphones. To assist people who have struggled to remember usernames ... 1U and focuses on redefining identity, announced today that it ...
(Date:12/22/2014)... Dec. 22, 2014 Research and Markets ... the "The Global Watermarking and Fingerprinting Markets" ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 This insight ... watermarking and fingerprinting markets. Watermarking aims to control ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/8kmfcn/iphone_5s ) has announced ... - Apple/AuthenTec TMDR92 & Sapphire - Technology Report" ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 Following the acquisition of AuthenTec ... with the iPhone 5S. It is currently the only ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):1U Offers Best Solution to the Username / Password Dilemma: For FREE! 21U Offers Best Solution to the Username / Password Dilemma: For FREE! 3The Global Watermarking and Fingerprinting Markets 2iPhone 5S Fingerprint Sensor - Apple/AuthenTec TMDR92 & Sapphire - Technology Report 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015 Shimadzu Scientific Instruments ... multipurpose UV-visible spectrophotometer. Offering wavelength scanning from 190 ... ideal for applications in a variety of industries, ... The user-friendly UV-1280 enables intuitive operation, while the ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... The laboratory information management systems market is ... of technological advancements due to factors such as rising ... integrate healthcare systems, and increasing government support for adoption ... Key players in the market focus on technological advancements ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Dr. Greg Leyer of UAS Labs recently was invited to ... on probiotics in San Diego, CA. , The Scripps ... health care professionals. This year’s pre-conference seminar was held on ... Dr. Leyer spoke about the emerging topics and science in ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 22, 2015   Cypher Genomics, ... Sequenom, Inc. (NASDAQ: SQNM ), the ... agreement for next generation noninvasive prenatal tests (NIPT). ... interpretation technology, called Mantis™, to advance analysis of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Shimadzu’s New Monitored Single-Beam UV-Vis Spectrophotometer Offers Comprehensive Measurement Options in a Compact Body 2Laboratory Information Management Systems Market is Expected to Reach $1,323.6 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Laboratory Information Management Systems Market is Expected to Reach $1,323.6 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Laboratory Information Management Systems Market is Expected to Reach $1,323.6 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 2Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 3Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 4
Cached News: