NASA data helps pinpoint wildfire threats

nts can be used to determine when conditions are favorable for wildfires.

"Improving the role of satellite data in wildfire prediction and monitoring through efforts like these is critical, since traditional field sampling is limited by high costs, and the number and frequency of sites you can sample," said Roberts. "This new data on the relative greenness of a landscape also allows us to see how conditions are changing compared to the past."

The satellite data worked best on landscapes where one plant type was dominant. The amount of vegetation cover in an area and its growth rate also influence the reliability of satellite data for wildfire prediction.

The study also found that in areas where branches and dead foliage often help spread fires, changes in the proportion of green vegetation to other plants may also indicate locations of potential fires, especially after moisture values fall below a critical level. The proportion of greenness determines the manner in which plants absorb and scatter sunlight and plays a major role in moisture retention.

Although scientists have long recognized the importance of moisture conditions in wildfire development, this research suggests that other variables may be just as significant. "While live fuel moisture values are critical in the development of wildfires, it's clearly not the last word. Even if vegetation is extremely dry, there are a number of other factors that influence whether a fire will develop and how quickly it spreads, including the ratio of live to dead foliage, plant type, seasonal precipitation, and weather conditions," said Roberts. "In Southern California, if a strong Santa Ana wind event occurs before our first major rainfall in the fall or winter, the risk for wildfire is significantly heightened."

As researchers continue to better understand wildfire development, they are also creating fire spread computer models that use wind speed and direction forecasts to determi

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Genetic variation helps to understand predisposition to schizophrenia
2. Link between sunspots, rain helps predict disease in east Africa
3. Taking a supplement of glycine helps prevent degenerative diseases such as arthrosis or osteoporosis
4. Progesterone therapy and preterm birth: More evidence helps identify women who can benefit
5. Nanotechnology helps scientists make bendy sensors for hydrogen vehicles
6. Preconditioning helps protect brains blood vessels from stroke
7. Manchester University helps with pharaoh DNA analysis
8. A spoonful of sugar helps your waistline go down
9. Study helps preserve Arctic whale, Eskimo subsistence hunt
10. Ethanol injection helps manage bone metastasis in thyroid cancer patients
11. Fusing imaging technologies creates synergy, helps diagnose heart disease accurately

Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/17/2015)... 17, 2015  Vigilant Solutions announces today that Mr. ... of Directors. --> --> ... from the partnership at TPG Capital, one of the ... $140 Billion in revenue.  He founded and led TPG,s ... TPG companies, from 1997 to 2013.  In his first ...
(Date:11/16/2015)... SAN JOSE, Calif. , Nov 16, 2015 ... leading developer of human interface solutions, today announced ... new Synaptics TouchView ™ touch controller and ... the architectural revolution of smartphones. These new TDDI ... and include TD4100 (HD resolution), TD4302 (WQHD resolution), ...
(Date:11/12/2015)... Mass. , Nov. 12, 2015  Arxspan ... Institute of MIT and Harvard for use of ... discovery information management tools. The partnership will support ... both biological and chemical research information internally and ... will be used for managing the Institute,s electronic ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... , ... The Academy of Model Aeronautics (AMA), led by its Executive Council, ... Grand Prix, to represent the First–Person View (FPV) racing community. , FPV racing has ... type of racing and several new model aviation pilots have joined the community because ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... CITY , Nov. 24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - ... "Company") announced today that the remaining 11,000 post-share ... Share Purchase Warrants (the "Series B Warrants") subject ... were exercised on November 23, 2015, which will ... Shares.  After giving effect to the issuance of ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... Creation ... on being named to Deloitte's 2015 Technology Fast 500 list of the fastest ... AcceleDent®, a FDA-cleared, Class II medical device that speeds up orthodontic tooth movement ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... VILLAGE, Nev. , Nov. 24, 2015  PDL BioPharma, ... John P. McLaughlin , the company,s president and chief executive ... Jaffray Healthcare Conference next week in New York ... will occur on Tuesday, December 1, 2015 at 9:30 a.m. ... Presentations." Please connect to the website at least 15 minutes ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: