HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
NASA develops a 'nugget' to search for life in space

Astrobiologists, who search for evidence of life on other planets, may find a proposed Neutron/Gamma ray Geologic Tomography (NUGGET) instrument to be one of the most useful tools in their toolbelt.

As conceived by scientists at the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in Greenbelt, Md., NUGGET would be able to generate three-dimensional images of fossils embedded in an outcrop of rock or beneath the soil of Mars or another planet. Tomography uses radiation or sound waves to look inside objects. NUGGET could help determine if primitive forms of life took root on Mars when the planet was awash in water eons ago.

Similar to seismic tomography used by the oil industry to locate oil reserves beneath Earth's surface, NUGGET would look instead for evidence of primitive algae and bacteria that fossilized along the edges of extinct rivers or oceans. As on Earth, these remains could lie just a few centimeters beneath the surface, compressed between layers of silt. If a mechanical rover that explores planet surfaces were equipped with an instrument like NUGGET -- capable of peering beneath the surface -- then it might be able to reveal evidence of life beyond Earth.

"This is a brand new idea," said Sam Floyd, the principal investigator on the project, funded this year by Goddard's Director's Discretionary Fund. If developed, NUGGET would be able to investigate important biological indicators of life, and quickly and precisely identify areas where scientists might want to take samples of soil or conduct more intensive studies. "It would allow us to do a much faster survey of an area," Floyd said.

The proposed instrument, which could be carried on a rover or a robot lander, is made up of three fundamentally distinct technologies -- a neutron generator, a neutron lens, and a gamma-ray detector.

At the heart of NUGGET is a three-dimensional scanning instrument that beams neutrons into a rock or other object under study. When the nucleus
'"/>

Contact: Rob Gutro
Robert.J.Gutro.1@gsfc.nasa.gov
301-286-4044
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
27-Jul-2005


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. N.C. A&T food scientist develops process for allergen-free peanuts
2. MIT develops nanoparticles to battle cancer
3. UC develops new approach to Web-based drug withdrawal warnings
4. Engineer ramps up protein production, develops versatile viral spheres
5. Hopkins develops online tool to aid research on certain orphan diseases
6. U of I scientist develops enzyme inhibitor that may slow cancer growth
7. West develops taste for primates
8. OHSU researcher develops first animal model to treat devasting head and neck cancers
9. Novel stem cell technology develops a new cell for repairing spinal cord injuries
10. Interdisciplinary team develops guidelines for treating severely injured patients
11. Georgia Tech develops technology for more compact, inexpensive spectrometers

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: NASA develops nugget search for life space

(Date:12/11/2014)... --Research and Markets , ... ) has announced the addition of the ... their offering. One major trend ... multimodal biometric systems. Multimodal biometric systems utilize more ... and identification purposes. This helps to reduce the ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... You,ve been here before: you desperately need to ... password, site key or the answer to your secret question. ... Today, Hoyos Labs , a digital ... finally put an end to the frustration that comes with ... 1U leverages a user,s smartphone to acquire his or her ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... 9, 2014 CIE San Diego has launched ... the connective tissue that enhances care coordination among social ... share client-level information; earned a second $1 million grant ... serving seniors aging in community and; will be recognized ... 11 th 4-6p. CIE San Diego ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Biometrics Market in India 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, NEC, Safran and Suprema 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 3Community Information Exchange San Diego Launches Pilot, Secures $1 Million Expansion Grant, and Becomes a "Live Well San Diego" Partner 2Community Information Exchange San Diego Launches Pilot, Secures $1 Million Expansion Grant, and Becomes a "Live Well San Diego" Partner 3Community Information Exchange San Diego Launches Pilot, Secures $1 Million Expansion Grant, and Becomes a "Live Well San Diego" Partner 4
(Date:12/19/2014)... 2014   ISN has released its third ... publication series. With data aggregated from over ... 2013 within its online contractor management platform, ISNetworld, this ... indicator (KPI) statistics. The ... publication is available in two industry specific volumes: ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014 Based on the revenues ... imaging market is dominated by four major players ... market. These players include GE Healthcare (U.K.), Siemens ... , Full Report Copy at http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/surgical-imaging-market-210534462.html ... can be attributed to its strong product portfolio, ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... N.J. (PRWEB) December 17, 2014 ... (Euronext: IPN; ADR: IPSEY), today announced ... (referred to as Somatuline®) was approved by the ... treatment of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) in adult ... advanced or metastatic disease to improve progression-free survival ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... Xeno Diagnostics has again received ... recent COLA inspection. Xeno has met all criteria ... accreditation organization. Accreditation is earned only by laboratories ... operations, demonstrate continued accuracy in the performance of ... survey. , While the Laboratory Excellence ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 2ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 3Global Refurbished Surgical Imaging Market by Product & Application is Estimated to Reach $1.25 Billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Global Refurbished Surgical Imaging Market by Product & Application is Estimated to Reach $1.25 Billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Global Refurbished Surgical Imaging Market by Product & Application is Estimated to Reach $1.25 Billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 2Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 3Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 4Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 5Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 6Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 7Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 8Xeno Diagnostics Receives 3rd Award for Laboratory Excellence 2
Cached News: