Hand held shower head: An individual can sit in the tub/shower and wash himself or the caregiver can wash him more easily.
Raised toilet seats and grab bars at toilet: "These are inexpensive and they really can help someone get on and off the toilet," said Olsen. "Many people tend to grab a built-in paper dispenser for help, but this is dangerous. They are not grab bars and can pull out of the wall."
Good lighting at stairs: Sufficient lighting at both the top and bottom of a stairwell is important. "Any place you are making a transition from one level to another should be well lit," said Olsen.
Anti-skid strips on the stair tread: Strips available at hardware or home improvement stores prevent slips and falls. They also highlight the edge of the stair tread.
Re-organize kitchen cabinets: Frequently used items should be within easy reach so that no has to reach, bend over or, worst of all, use a step stool. The goal is to prevent anyone from losing his balance.
Light switches at room entries: Sounds simple, but make sure every room of the house has a light switch adjacent to or near the entry. "It is easy to lose your balance or trip over something when you are walking through a dark room to turn on the light," said Olsen. Eliminate thresholds between rooms: Again, threshold represent another tripping hazard.
Install threshold or mini ramps: For easier wheelchair access at high thresholds on exterior doors install a threshold or mini ramp, which will make it much easier to get a wheelchair through the door.
Lower closet pole and shelves: It's easier to access clothing if the poles and shelves are within easy reach.
Keep washer and dryers on the main level: A good idea to keep in mind if you are building a new property.
Get rid of throw rugs: "At times throw rugs can be a real problem," Olsen said.