HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New discovery: If it weren't for this enzyme, decomposing pesticide would take millennia

CHAPEL HILL An enzyme inside a bacterium that grows in the soil of potato fields can -- in a split second -- break down residues of a common powerful pesticide used for killing worms on potatoes, researchers have found.

That may be expensive for farmers but lucky for the environment because University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill scientists have now discovered that if that particular enzyme weren't there, it would take 10,000 years for just half of the widely used pesticide to decompose. And the chemical would remain in the soil of the potato fields where it is now used in colossal amounts, contaminating groundwater and posing a threat to human and animal health.

A report on the unusual discovery appears online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Monday (Oct. 24). Authors are Christopher M. Horvat, a UNC chemistry major from Spruce Pine, who plans to become a physician, and Dr. Richard V. Wolfenden, Alumni Distinguished professor of biochemistry and biophysics at the UNC School of Medicine.

"The half-life of the pesticide is longer, by several orders of magnitude, than the half-lives of other known environmental pollutants in water," Wolfenden said. "The half lives of atrazine, aziridine, paraoxon and 1, 2-dichloroethane, for example, are five months, 52 hours, 13 months and 72 years, respectively."

In contrast, the half-life of the potato pesticide residue chloroacrylate -- 10,000 years -- matches the half-life of plutonium-239, the hazardous isotope produced in nuclear power plants, he said.

The bacteria Pseudomonas pavonaceae have evolved in the soil in which the potato pesticide 1, 3-dichloropropene is used and can grow on it as their only source of carbon and energy, the scientist said. The enzyme responsible for degrading the pesticide may have evolved since the chemical's first use on potato fields in 1946. Common names for the agricultural product are Shell D-D and Telone II.

"There is a
'"/>

Contact: David Williamson
rdtokids@email.unc.edu
919-962-8596
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
24-Oct-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Biting discovery: MU entomologist finds host of new aquatic insect species in Thailand
2. New discovery: Molecular variation in one gene affects the growth of natural populations
3. The thrill of discovery: Pitt professor reveals how he gets students interested in science
4. The stem cells that werent there
5. Researchers create model of cancer-preventing enzyme, study how it works
6. Elevated inflammatory enzyme, Lp-PLA2, significantly linked to ischemic stroke
7. 100 percent of pregnant women have at least one kind of pesticide in their placenta
8. Premature births may be linked to seasonal levels of pesticides and nitrates in surface water
9. Mayo researcher discovers target site for developing mosquito pesticides
10. Fake pesticides threaten food safety
11. Most widely used organic pesticide requires help to kill

Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/21/2014)... 20, 2014 C-Labs LLC, a leading provider ... Things (IoT), today announced the appointment of John ... Previously a strategic advisor to the firm, Mr. Traynor ... Traynor is based out of the C-Labs office in ... Chris Muench , Chief Executive Officer. ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... 2014   EyeLock Inc. , a market ... MorphoTrust USA (Safran), a leading U.S. provider ... strategic partnership to offer comprehensive biometric identity solutions ... airport screening and financial services markets. ... consumers through a nationwide network of 1,100 IdentoGO® ...
(Date:11/7/2014)... professor, biomedical engineering, in the Grove School of ... have identified a molecule that could lead to ... forms of breast cancer. , Triple negative breast ... to aggressive proliferation and metastasis and a lack ... discovered the overexpression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):C-Labs Names Former Microsoft and Bsquare Executive as Chief Operating Officer 2EyeLock, MorphoTrust Form Strategic Partnership to Pursue Commercial Enterprise Deployments 2EyeLock, MorphoTrust Form Strategic Partnership to Pursue Commercial Enterprise Deployments 3
(Date:11/21/2014)... The report, "Synthetic Biology ... Cloning kits), Technology (Bioinformatics, Nanotechnology, Gene Synthesis, ... Bioremediation) - Global Forecast to 2018", analyses ... opportunities, and challenges. , Browse 99 market ... 185 pages and in-depth TOC of the ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... Arkansas (PRWEB) November 20, 2014 ... Pinnacle Ozone Solutions, LLC (Pinnacle), and PCI, Inc., ... announced that they have been selected to provide ... of Fayetteville, Arkansas Paul R. Noland Wastewater Treatment. ... BlueInGreen’s patented HyDOZ® gas dissolution technology, ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... Dallas, Texas (PRWEB) November 21, 2014 ... China Sodium Ferrocyanide Industry” is a professional and ... it provides Sodium ferrocyanide information, like its ... well as industry overview. This report covers the ... well as global (such as the US, Europe, ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... DIEGO , Nov. 20, 2014 ... has been dosed in its Phase 1 trial ... cisplatin for the treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma ... Group is conducting clinical trials on ADI-PEG 20, ... agents, for the treatment of several other indications, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Synthetic Biology Market Expected to Reach $5,630.4 Million in 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Synthetic Biology Market Expected to Reach $5,630.4 Million in 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Synthetic Biology Market Expected to Reach $5,630.4 Million in 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4City of Fayetteville Leads Nation with Innovative Ozone Technology 2City of Fayetteville Leads Nation with Innovative Ozone Technology 3City of Fayetteville Leads Nation with Innovative Ozone Technology 4Sodium Ferrocyanide Market: Analysis for Global & China Regions Development Trends Available at DeepResearchReports.com 2Sodium Ferrocyanide Market: Analysis for Global & China Regions Development Trends Available at DeepResearchReports.com 3Polaris Group Announces Treatment of First Patient in Phase 1 Study of ADI-PEG 20 plus Pemetrexed and Cisplatin in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma And Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma 2
Cached News: