HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New findings challenge established views on human genome

ription to mammalian evolution. In particular, we gained significant insight into DNA sequences that do not encode proteins, which we knew very little about before, said Ewan Birney, Ph.D., head of genome annotation at the European Molecular Biology Laboratorys European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI) in Hinxton, England, who led ENCODEs massive data integration and analysis effort.

The ENCODE consortiums major findings include the discovery that the majority of DNA in the human genome is transcribed into functional molecules, called RNA, and that these transcripts extensively overlap one another. This broad pattern of transcription challenges the long-standing view that the human genome consists of a relatively small set of discrete genes, along with a vast amount of so-called junk DNA that is not biologically active.

The new data indicate the genome contains very little unused sequences and, in fact, is a complex, interwoven network. In this network, genes are just one of many types of DNA sequences that have a functional impact. Our perspective of transcription and genes may have to evolve, the researchers state in their Nature paper, noting the network model of the genome poses some interesting mechanistic questions that have yet to be answered.

Other surprises in the ENCODE data have major implications for our understanding of the evolution of genomes, particularly mammalian genomes. Until recently, researchers had thought that most of the DNA sequences important for biological function would be in areas of the genome most subject to evolutionary constraint that is, most likely to be conserved as species evolve. However, the ENCODE effort found about half of functional elements in the human genome do not appear to have been obviously constrained during evolution, at least when examined by current methods used by computational biologists.

According to ENCODE researchers, this lack of evolutionary constraint may indicate
'"/>

Contact: Geoff Spencer
spencerg@mail.nih.gov
301-402-0911
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute
13-Jun-2007


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. New findings challenge established views about human genome
2. Depiction of findings selected as 2007 Image of the Year by Society for Nuclear Medicine
3. New findings in smell and taste
4. Study produces conflicting findings on the use of anti-anemia drug in cancer patients
5. CMU researcher publishes anole lizard findings
6. Surprising airbag hazards among research findings at hearing safety conference
7. Satellite data vital to UN climate findings
8. New findings blow a decade of assumptions out of the water
9. Cluster of journals publish findings on dangerous parasite, Toxoplasma gondii
10. New findings may lead to treatment for anxiety in Rett Syndrome
11. Salivary melatonin may decrease periodontal disease severity according to new study findings

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: New findings challenge established views human genome

(Date:3/12/2015)... , March 12, 2015 The mascots of ... Children,s Hospital, part of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. ... for the 2015 ACC Men,s Basketball Tournament. Young patients ... them and getting their autographs. Brenner Children,s ... It is the only children,s hospital in northwest ...
(Date:3/10/2015)... , March 10, 2015  Continuing its 167-year ... Unexpected, Hammacher Schlemmer introduces The Eye Scanning Password ... before granting access to secure websites or sensitive data. ... verify travelers at international borders, the device has a ... pattern points of the iris, converting them into an ...
(Date:3/4/2015)... Mar. 04, 2015 Research and Markets ... of the "Global Biometrics Market Forecast and ... The market for biometric authentication systems is ... 14% till 2020 The driving forces ... security needs, government projects and constant development in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Hammacher Schlemmer Introduces The Eye Scanning Password Authenticator 2Global Biometrics Market Forecast and Opportunities, 2020 2Global Biometrics Market Forecast and Opportunities, 2020 3
(Date:3/27/2015)... March 27, 2015 WuXi PharmaTech (Cayman) ... R&D capability and technology platform company serving the ... today that an Investigational New Drug (IND) application ... rheumatoid arthritis has been accepted for review by ... In September 2012, MedImmune, the global ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... 26, 2015 PRC Clinical, a Silicon-Valley ... several management and executive appointments effective immediately. , Mike ... (CFO) and member of the Board of Directors. Daniel ... and Sue Dowden will assume the position of Senior ... Chief Operations Officer (COO), has been appointed to the ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... and CINCINNATI , March 26, ... SHP, NASDAQ: SHPG ) and Cincinnati Children,s ... research collaboration for rare diseases. The goal of the ... to treat rare diseases with high unmet medical ... Cincinnati Children,s research expertise. As a nationally ranked ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... "In America," the popular news television program that ... hosted by legendary film actor James Earl Jones, has announced ... upcoming segment. , Botany is commonly described as the ... quite a bit more complicated than that. Scientists and other ... organisms, from the smallest bacteria known to man to the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Investigational New Drug Application for WuXi MedImmune's Monoclonal Antibody Accepted for Review by CFDA 2Investigational New Drug Application for WuXi MedImmune's Monoclonal Antibody Accepted for Review by CFDA 3PRC Clinical Announces Key Management Appointments and Launches East Coast Operations 2PRC Clinical Announces Key Management Appointments and Launches East Coast Operations 3Shire and Cincinnati Children's Establish Rare Disease Research Collaboration 2Shire and Cincinnati Children's Establish Rare Disease Research Collaboration 3Shire and Cincinnati Children's Establish Rare Disease Research Collaboration 4Shire and Cincinnati Children's Establish Rare Disease Research Collaboration 5
Cached News: