HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New method to measure ancient land elevation developed by Field Museum scientist

CHICAGO--A Field Museum scientist has developed a novel way to determine land elevation as continents moved around the Earth through geological ages. Knowing how high mountains and plateaus were in the past will help scientists to study how our climate system evolved. "Understanding the past elevation of land surfaces, also known as paleoelevation, has been one of geology's Holy Grails," said Jennifer McElwain, PhD, Associate Curator of Paleobotany at Chicago's Field Museum and sole author of the research to be published in Geology's December issue. "This is the first paleobotanical method that works globally and is independent of long-term climate change.

"The new method will help us to understand the rate at which some of the Earth's most important mountains have uplifted," she added. "It will also show how the process of mountain building influenced climatic patterns as well as plant and animal evolution."

The new method of paleoelevation involves counting the stomata on leaves of plants going back as far as 65 million years ago. Stomata are minute openings on the surface of leaves through which plants absorb gases, including carbon dioxide, which plants need for photosynthesis. Anyone who has climbed a mountain knows that the air gets "thinner" as you climb higher. As with oxygen, carbon dioxide is less concentrated at higher elevations. Therefore, the higher the elevation, the more stomata per square inch of leaf surface a plant would need to survive. By simply counting the number of fossil stomata, Dr. McElwain can estimate how much carbon dioxide was in the air when the fossil leaf developed. From that, she can estimate the elevation at which the fossil plant once lived. Dr. McElwain used historical and modern collections of California Black Oak (Quercus kelloggii) leaves for her study because the California Black Oak grows at an unusually wide range of elevations from 200 to 8,000 feet (60 to 2,440 meters). The historical leav
'"/>

Contact: Greg Borzo
gborzo@fieldmuseum.org
312-665-7106
Field Museum
29-Nov-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Cost-effective method for gene silencing is featured in Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
2. A new method of adult stem cell growth efficacious in treatment of disorders of the cornea
3. Purdue-IU researchers explore new method for early disease diagnosis
4. Sequencing method yields fuller picture
5. New imaging method clarifies nutrient cycle
6. Researchers discover method for identifying how cancer evades the immune system
7. Bioinformatics-related methods are featured in Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
8. New method for reading DNA sheds light on basis of cell identity
9. Nanoparticles hitchhike on red blood cells: a potential new method for drug delivery
10. Rutgers, Penn researchers capture research dollars to improve prostate cancer diagnostic methods
11. Developer of new method for treating bone defects wins WPI Entrepreneurship Award

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/6/2017)... 6, 2017 Forecasts by Product ... Readers, by End-Use (Transportation & Logistics, Government & Public ... & Fossil Generation Facility, Nuclear Power), Industrial, Retail, Business ... Are you looking for a definitive report on ... ...
(Date:4/3/2017)... 3, 2017  Data captured by IsoCode, ... detected a statistically significant association between the ... treatment and objective response of cancer patients ... predict whether cancer patients will respond to ... well as to improve both pre-infusion potency testing ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... PUNE, India , March 28, 2017 ... (Analog, IP, Biometrics), Hardware (Camera, Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), ... Maintenance), Vertical, and Region - Global Forecast to 2022", ... 30.37 Billion in 2016 and is projected to reach ... 15.4% between 2017 and 2022. The base year considered ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/25/2017)... CA (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... of L3 Healthcare, is pleased to announce the company is now a certified ... The iMedNet software certification enables the company’s clinical research team to build, ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... 25, 2017 , ... Leaders of Quorum Review IRB and ... sessions at this week’s Association of Clinical Research Professionals (ACRP) 2017 Meeting & ... research. , "We are excited to present subject matter expertise on topics that impact ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Having worked on the design of the innovative Triton™ ... to top lab design architects from around the country at the Lab Design Conference ... and Engineering Greg Casey will be at the show, where they will highlight the ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... ... nourishing a range of emerging bio and technology start-ups, is hosting “Celebration Friday” ... This double event will start with libations and networking at 3:30 p.m. at ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: