HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New research provides evidence that Rh proteins act as CO2 gas channels

Berkeley -- Labels marking bags of donated blood throughout the world contain information about the presence of a Rhesus (Rh) antigen, a protein found on the membranes of human red blood cells. Yet, despite the Rh protein's importance in blood transfusion and the problems it can cause between Rh negative mothers and their Rh positive fetuses, its biological role has remained largely unresolved since its discovery 65 years ago.

But a new study, led by biologists at the University of California, Berkeley, and due to be published June 22 in the journal Genetics, may help clarify the mystery by giving additional evidence that the Rh protein serves as a gas channel for carbon dioxide (CO2).

The study's conclusions, the researchers said, will lead to new directions in human and animal physiology research, as well as generate lively debate among biochemists and hematologists.

"This has implications for understanding how humans breathe, how we control the acidity (pH) of various fluids in our bodies and how our kidneys function, all of which rely upon movement of CO2 across cell membranes," said Sydney Kustu, professor of plant and microbial biology at UC Berkeley's College of Natural Resources and principal investigator of the study.

Kustu noted that scientists had long doubted the presence of protein channels for CO2 or any gases. This is because gases typically have no trouble crossing cell membranes unaided, so it was not suspected that the Rh protein would play such a role.

But among gases, carbon dioxide (CO2) and ammonia (NH3) are exceptional, the researchers explained. They both dissolve readily in water, which can slow their passage across oily membranes.

Recent evidence indicates that ammonium/methylammonium transporter (Amt) proteins act as gas channels for NH3. Unlike active transporters, channels allow multiple molecules of gas to move through at the same time, an important distinction for gases that need to move acr
'"/>

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley
6-Jun-2005


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. NIH gives $8M to University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine for myositis research
2. Saudi Arabias KAUST names WHOI first research partner
3. Multinational research: protecting ecology means understanding people, too
4. Newly created cancer stem cells could aid breast cancer research
5. Carnegie Mellons Peter Adams receives EPA research grant
6. Almac Diagnostics announces pioneering genetic research on ductal carcinoma in situ
7. Innovative tagging technique may help researchers better protect fish stocks
8. Penn researchers discover how key protein stops inflammation
9. UCF research links proteins, stem cells and potential Alzheimers treatment
10. ASU researchers partner with UOP to make biofuel for military jets a reality
11. Einstein researchers prototype vaccine could provide improved protection against tuberculosis

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/28/2016)... First quarter 2016:   , ... the first quarter of 2015 The gross margin was ... 18.8) and the operating margin was 40% (-13) Earnings ... flow from operations was SEK 249.9 M (21.2) , ... SEK 7,000-8,500 M. The operating margin for 2016 is ...
(Date:4/19/2016)... -- The new GEZE SecuLogic access control ... system solution for all door components. It can be ... interface with integration authorization management system, and thus fulfills ... dimensions of the access control and the optimum integration ... considerable freedom of design with regard to the doors. ...
(Date:4/14/2016)... April 14, 2016 BioCatch ... Detection, today announced the appointment of Eyal Goldwerger ... role. Goldwerger,s leadership appointment comes at a ... of the deployment of its platform at several of ... technology, which discerns unique cognitive and physiological factors, is ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... Boston, MA (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2016 ... ... (EDT), Asymmetrex will deliver a talk on its first-in-class technologies for ... the 2016 Meeting on RNAiMicroRNA Biology to Reprogramming & CRISPR-based Genome ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... ... The Pittcon Organizing Committee is pleased to announce that Charles “Chuck” Gardner ... Committee since 1987. Since then, he has served in a number of key leadership ... both the program and exposition committees. In his professional career, Dr. Gardner is the ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 27, 2016 , ... ... that Jon Clark has joined the company as an Expert Consultant. Mr. ... for industry collaborations and managing the development of small molecule monographs based on ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... MedDay, a biotechnology company focused on ... of Catherine Moukheibir as Chairman of its Board of Directors. ... Jacques Garaud , who contributed to the rapid development of ... Catherine started her career in strategy consulting and investment ... London .  She held C-Suite level roles in some ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: