HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New research provides evidence that Rh proteins act as CO2 gas channels

Berkeley -- Labels marking bags of donated blood throughout the world contain information about the presence of a Rhesus (Rh) antigen, a protein found on the membranes of human red blood cells. Yet, despite the Rh protein's importance in blood transfusion and the problems it can cause between Rh negative mothers and their Rh positive fetuses, its biological role has remained largely unresolved since its discovery 65 years ago.

But a new study, led by biologists at the University of California, Berkeley, and due to be published June 22 in the journal Genetics, may help clarify the mystery by giving additional evidence that the Rh protein serves as a gas channel for carbon dioxide (CO2).

The study's conclusions, the researchers said, will lead to new directions in human and animal physiology research, as well as generate lively debate among biochemists and hematologists.

"This has implications for understanding how humans breathe, how we control the acidity (pH) of various fluids in our bodies and how our kidneys function, all of which rely upon movement of CO2 across cell membranes," said Sydney Kustu, professor of plant and microbial biology at UC Berkeley's College of Natural Resources and principal investigator of the study.

Kustu noted that scientists had long doubted the presence of protein channels for CO2 or any gases. This is because gases typically have no trouble crossing cell membranes unaided, so it was not suspected that the Rh protein would play such a role.

But among gases, carbon dioxide (CO2) and ammonia (NH3) are exceptional, the researchers explained. They both dissolve readily in water, which can slow their passage across oily membranes.

Recent evidence indicates that ammonium/methylammonium transporter (Amt) proteins act as gas channels for NH3. Unlike active transporters, channels allow multiple molecules of gas to move through at the same time, an important distinction for gases that need to move acr
'"/>

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley
6-Jun-2005


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. NIH gives $8M to University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine for myositis research
2. Saudi Arabias KAUST names WHOI first research partner
3. Multinational research: protecting ecology means understanding people, too
4. Newly created cancer stem cells could aid breast cancer research
5. Carnegie Mellons Peter Adams receives EPA research grant
6. Almac Diagnostics announces pioneering genetic research on ductal carcinoma in situ
7. Innovative tagging technique may help researchers better protect fish stocks
8. Penn researchers discover how key protein stops inflammation
9. UCF research links proteins, stem cells and potential Alzheimers treatment
10. ASU researchers partner with UOP to make biofuel for military jets a reality
11. Einstein researchers prototype vaccine could provide improved protection against tuberculosis

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/24/2017)... Jan. 24, 2017 Biopharm Reports has ... laboratory use of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). ... and profiled current practices, developments, trends and end-user ... as growth and opportunities. These areas include growth ... instruments, needs and innovation requirements, hyphenated NMR techniques, ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... India , January 19, 2017 According to a ... Opportunities and Forecast, 2014 - 2022," the global biometric sensor market is expected ... 2016 to 2022. In 2015, Asia-Pacific dominated the global ... and private sectors. Continue Reading ... ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... Jan. 13, 2017 Sandata Technologies, LLC, ... the homecare industry, including Electronic Visit Verification™ (EVV™), ... Justin Jugs, as Senior Vice President of Product ... years of homecare experience to Sandata, where he ... plans to align Sandata,s suite of solutions with ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/20/2017)... NEW YORK , Feb. 20, 2017 This ... Thousand by the following Product Types: Xylanase, Amylase, Cellulase, and ... Canada , Japan , ... Latin America , and Rest of World. ... Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... San Francisco, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 20, ... ... Inspirata®, Inc. announced today the re-launch of “Crosswalk Insight: Oncology™” (Crosswalk), a unique ... enhanced version of Crosswalk can now be accessed through Inspirata’s diagnostic cockpit and ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... ... February 20, 2017 , ... ... radiotherapy patients, prevent chest wall collapses in pre-term infants with respiratory distress, ... a total of $600,000 in funding through the ninth round of the ...
(Date:2/20/2017)...  Former NFL players who had repeated head injuries may ... according to a preliminary study released today that will be ... in Boston , April 22 to 28, ... the muscles and nerves work together, like walking, kicking and ... ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: