HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New roles for growth factors: Enticing nerve cells to muscles

La Jolla, CA - During embryonic development, nerve cells hesitantly extend tentacle-like protrusions called axons that sniff their way through a labyrinth of attractive and repulsive chemical cues that guide them to their target.

While several recent studies discovered molecules that repel motor neuron axons from incorrect targets in the limb, scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have identified a molecule, known as FGF, that actively lures growing axons closer to the right destination. Their findings appear in the June 15 issue of Neuron.

"The most important aspect of our finding is not necessarily that we finally nailed the growth factor FGF as the molecule that guides a specific subgroup of motor neurons to connect to the muscles that line our spine and neck," says senior author Samuel Pfaff, Ph.D., a professor in the Gene Expression Laboratory, "but that piece by piece, we are uncovering general principles that ensure that the developing nervous system establishes proper neuronal connections."

Understanding how axons find their destinations may help restore movement in people following spinal cord injury, or those with motor neuron diseases such as Lou Gehrig's disease, spinal muscle atrophy, and post-polio syndrome. Failure to establish proper connectivity in the brain may also underlie autism spectrum disorders and mental retardation.

The multitasking members of the FGF growth factor family regulate blood vessel formation, wound repair, lung maturation, and development of skeletal muscle, blood and bone marrow cells. The Salk study adds on more job to an already long list.

"Our study emphasizes that the nervous system does not necessarily rely on an entirely new set of molecules to govern axon navigation, but instead uses growth factors already involved in embryonic development in clever and novel ways," Pfaff says.

Skeletal muscle consists of thousands of muscle fibers, each controlled by o
'"/>

Contact: Gina Kirchweger
kirchweger@salk.edu
858-453-4100 x1340
Salk Institute
15-Jun-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. ORNL researchers, supercomputer have large roles in DOE projects
2. Sunflower speciation highlights roles for transposable elements in evolution
3. Tumour development actors ERK1 and ERK2 found to play opposite roles
4. New research clarifies roles of calcium, vitamin D, and protein in bone health, fracture risk
5. Bedsores and bald hides: Novel roles revealed for a scaffolding protein
6. Proteins take on new roles in malaria parasite
7. Illinois researchers to play key roles in study of emergence of life
8. Environment and genetic influences play different roles in boys and girls gender-role behavior
9. Flies on speed offer insight into the roles of dopamine in sleep and arousal
10. Conserved amino acids play both structural and mechanistic roles in sandwich-like protein
11. Circadian clock controls plant growth hormone

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: New roles for growth factors Enticing nerve cells muscles

(Date:8/21/2014)... pancreas digesting itself resulting in severe abdominal pain, vomiting ... 20,000 patients are diagnosed with the disease resulting in ... is restricted to intravenous fluid and nutritional support. ... Sciences, who led the research, said "The major causes ... and excessive alcohol intake combined with a high fat ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... SALT LAKE CITY Researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) ... mutated forms of the gene that encodes BCR-ABL, the ... (CML). According to the American Cancer Society, nearly 6,000 ... , Drugs already in use, called tyrosine kinase inhibitors ... disease. They do not cure CML but control it ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... State University, the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and the ... Mycobacterium pinnipedii from skeletons found in Peru ... is a relative of the TB bacterium that affects ... These researchers assume that seals carried the pathogens from ... lions was unexpected" comments Sebastien Gagneux, from the Swiss ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Insulin offers new hope for the treatment of acute pancreatitis 2Blueprint for next generation of chronic myeloid leukemia treatment 2
(Date:8/21/2014)... 2014 Telomere Biosciences, LLC (Telomere Biosciences) ... for Dogs" with Telomerase Activation Complex , ... world for dogs. Telomeres are the protective caps ... body. A wealth of ground-breaking research by some ... and Aging, including Nobel laureates, has demonstrated a ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... , Aug. 21, 2014 ... Immune Pharmaceuticals Inc., a biotechnology company, on its ... Immune previously traded on OTCQX®, the best marketplace ... OTC Markets Group. Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20110118/MM31963LOGO ... on the successful execution of its growth strategy ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... Ontotext S4 , The Self Service Semantic ... Now the same enterprise hardened text mining, Linked Data ... is available to start-ups and mid-size businesses at a ... do not have resources to evaluate and prototype enterprise ... there is no need for on premise hardware provisioning ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... RALEIGH, N.C. , Aug. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... clinical research services located in Raleigh, ... Bradford Evans as Vice President of ... Administration, Brad will oversee all corporate processes, including ... to joining Clintrax Global, Brad worked as an ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Telomere Biosciences Announces: TELO-20 for Dogs, the World's First Telomere-Lengthening Supplement for Dogs, to Promote Healthy Aging and Longevity 2Telomere Biosciences Announces: TELO-20 for Dogs, the World's First Telomere-Lengthening Supplement for Dogs, to Promote Healthy Aging and Longevity 3OTC Markets Group Congratulates Immune Pharmaceuticals on NASDAQ Listing 2Ontotext Releases Text Mining & Semantic Technology Running in the Cloud – Welcome to “S4? 2Ontotext Releases Text Mining & Semantic Technology Running in the Cloud – Welcome to “S4? 3Ontotext Releases Text Mining & Semantic Technology Running in the Cloud – Welcome to “S4? 4Clintrax Global, Inc. Announces Addition to Executive Team 2
Cached News: