HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New roles for growth factors: Enticing nerve cells to muscles

La Jolla, CA - During embryonic development, nerve cells hesitantly extend tentacle-like protrusions called axons that sniff their way through a labyrinth of attractive and repulsive chemical cues that guide them to their target.

While several recent studies discovered molecules that repel motor neuron axons from incorrect targets in the limb, scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have identified a molecule, known as FGF, that actively lures growing axons closer to the right destination. Their findings appear in the June 15 issue of Neuron.

"The most important aspect of our finding is not necessarily that we finally nailed the growth factor FGF as the molecule that guides a specific subgroup of motor neurons to connect to the muscles that line our spine and neck," says senior author Samuel Pfaff, Ph.D., a professor in the Gene Expression Laboratory, "but that piece by piece, we are uncovering general principles that ensure that the developing nervous system establishes proper neuronal connections."

Understanding how axons find their destinations may help restore movement in people following spinal cord injury, or those with motor neuron diseases such as Lou Gehrig's disease, spinal muscle atrophy, and post-polio syndrome. Failure to establish proper connectivity in the brain may also underlie autism spectrum disorders and mental retardation.

The multitasking members of the FGF growth factor family regulate blood vessel formation, wound repair, lung maturation, and development of skeletal muscle, blood and bone marrow cells. The Salk study adds on more job to an already long list.

"Our study emphasizes that the nervous system does not necessarily rely on an entirely new set of molecules to govern axon navigation, but instead uses growth factors already involved in embryonic development in clever and novel ways," Pfaff says.

Skeletal muscle consists of thousands of muscle fibers, each controlled by o
'"/>

Contact: Gina Kirchweger
kirchweger@salk.edu
858-453-4100 x1340
Salk Institute
15-Jun-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. ORNL researchers, supercomputer have large roles in DOE projects
2. Sunflower speciation highlights roles for transposable elements in evolution
3. Tumour development actors ERK1 and ERK2 found to play opposite roles
4. New research clarifies roles of calcium, vitamin D, and protein in bone health, fracture risk
5. Bedsores and bald hides: Novel roles revealed for a scaffolding protein
6. Proteins take on new roles in malaria parasite
7. Illinois researchers to play key roles in study of emergence of life
8. Environment and genetic influences play different roles in boys and girls gender-role behavior
9. Flies on speed offer insight into the roles of dopamine in sleep and arousal
10. Conserved amino acids play both structural and mechanistic roles in sandwich-like protein
11. Circadian clock controls plant growth hormone

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: New roles for growth factors Enticing nerve cells muscles

(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015 /PRNewswire/ - Today, FindBiometrics, the leading source of biometrics industry ... new website design. "When we launched FindBiometrics 12 ... Peter O,Neill , founder and CEO of FindBiometrics. "Now it,s ... from the key players on a very broad scale.  We ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... OXFORD, Conn. , Jan. 20, 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... growing mobile commerce market, reports on the recent success of the Wocket™ ... Wocket smart wallet was named as one of the ... of the "5 Best Products Launched At CES So Far" by Newseveryday.com ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015   EyeLock, Inc. , a market leader of iris-based ... Gerber to the new role of Senior Vice President ... development of mobile platforms and wearable solutions for EyeLock,s technologies. ... in the semiconductor industry to his role at EyeLock, with ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Identity Industry Leading Publication Debuts New Look As Biometrics Hit Mainstream 2CES Response for NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Kicks Off 2015 2CES Response for NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Kicks Off 2015 3EyeLock Names Steve Gerber as Senior Vice President of Mobile and Wearables 2
(Date:12/24/2014)... AUSTIN, Texas , Dec. 24, 2014  Vermillion, ... focused on gynecologic disease, announced today that the ... investors including Oracle Investment Management, Jack W. ... directors. Total proceeds were $10.5 million, before offering ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Louis, Missouri (PRWEB) December 23, 2014 GMO ... biotechnology company, Syngenta, are in the process of being consolidated ... case is In Re: Syngenta AG MIR 162 Corn Litigation, ... District of Kansas. , Management of the Syngenta GMO corn ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Bethesda, MD (PRWEB) December 23, 2014 ... law H.R. 83, the Omnibus and Continuing Resolution Appropriations ... hydrocephalus a condition eligible to receive funding through the ... Department of Defense (DoD). The Hydrocephalus Association (HA), working ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Nashville, Tenn. (PRWEB) December 23, 2014 Nashville ... was elected treasurer for the American Society for Reproductive Medicine ... research in reproductive medicine. In his new role as ... board and will have a voice in furthering the mission ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Vermillion Announces Closing of Equity Financing 2Vermillion Announces Closing of Equity Financing 3Carey Danis & Lowe Reports on Syngenta GMO Corn Transfer Order 2Rare Brain Condition Now Eligible for Department of Defense Research Dollars 2Nashville Fertility Center Announces Dr. George A. Hill Selected to Serve as ASRM Treasurer for 2014-15 2Nashville Fertility Center Announces Dr. George A. Hill Selected to Serve as ASRM Treasurer for 2014-15 3
Cached News: