HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New science of metagenomics 'will transform modern microbiology'

WASHINGTON -- The emerging field of metagenomics, where the DNA of entire communities of microbes is studied simultaneously, presents the greatest opportunity -- perhaps since the invention of the microscope -- to revolutionize understanding of the microbial world, says a new report from the National Research Council. The report calls for a new Global Metagenomics Initiative to drive advances in the field in the same way that the Human Genome Project advanced the mapping of our genetic code.

Microorganisms are essential to life on Earth, transforming key elements into energy, maintaining the chemical balance in the atmosphere, providing plants and animals with nutrients, and performing other functions necessary for survival. There are billions of benign microbes in the human body, for example, that help to digest food, break down toxins, and fight off disease-causing microbes. Microbes are used commercially for many purposes, including making antibiotics, remediating oil spills, enhancing crop production, and producing biofuels.

Historically, microbiology focused on the study of individual species of organisms that could be grown in a laboratory and examined under a microscope, but most of the life-supporting activities of microbes are carried out by complex communities of microorganisms, and many cannot be grown in laboratory culture. Metagenomics will transform modern microbiology by giving scientists the tools to study entire communities of microbes -- the vast majority of which are likely to be previously unknown species that cannot be cultured -- and how they interact to perform such functions as balancing the atmosphere's composition, fighting disease, and supporting plant growth, the new report says.

"Metagenomics lets us see into the previously invisible microbial world, opening a frontier of science that was unimaginable until recently," said Jo Handelsman, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Professor, departments of plant
'"/>

Contact: William Kearney
news@nas.edu
202-334-2138
The National Academies
27-Mar-2007


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. AFCYBER holds science and technology symposium
2. News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
3. Neurosciences and music meet in Montreal
4. 47th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
5. News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
6. Nottingham biosciences million pound injection
7. News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
8. A novel molecular dictator with a conscience discovered
9. News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
10. Bulls-eye -- Programs targeting math, science teacher shortage may get boost
11. New ACS podcast debuts with science news for broad general audience

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/17/2017)... 17, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... filing of its 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K on Thursday ... ... available in the Investor Relations section of the Company,s website at ... website at http://www.sec.gov . 2016 Year Highlights: ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... , April 13, 2017 According to a ... Identity Authentication, Identity Analytics, Identity Administration, and Authorization), Service, Authentication Type, Deployment ... the IAM Market is expected to grow from USD 14.30 Billion in ... Rate (CAGR) of 17.3%. ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... their offering. ... tracking market to grow at a CAGR of 30.37% during the ... 2017-2021, has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with ... its growth prospects over the coming years. The report also includes ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/16/2017)... , Aug. 16, 2017  This year,s edition of the Inc. ... in life sciences workforce solutions, has made the list for the third ... recognizes the nation,s fastest-growing private companies based on a set of quantitative ... which includes the fastest-growing companies in the Bay State ... Inc. 5000 ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... NC (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 , ... ... 2017, celebrating 10 years of successes helping medical technology companies and inventors develop and ... to a renowned full-service national engineering firm with a portfolio of clients in the ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... August 15, 2017 , ... Any expert in stem cell research ... disciplines for more than half a century. Despite their essential roles in human ... widely known that molecular tags developed for this purpose also tag other, more abundant, ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... August 15, 2017 , ... Coffea arabica ... biotic and abiotic factors. During this educational webinar, participants will learn about the ... as gain a better understanding of how genomics is important for coffee breeding ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: