HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New science of metagenomics 'will transform modern microbiology'

WASHINGTON -- The emerging field of metagenomics, where the DNA of entire communities of microbes is studied simultaneously, presents the greatest opportunity -- perhaps since the invention of the microscope -- to revolutionize understanding of the microbial world, says a new report from the National Research Council. The report calls for a new Global Metagenomics Initiative to drive advances in the field in the same way that the Human Genome Project advanced the mapping of our genetic code.

Microorganisms are essential to life on Earth, transforming key elements into energy, maintaining the chemical balance in the atmosphere, providing plants and animals with nutrients, and performing other functions necessary for survival. There are billions of benign microbes in the human body, for example, that help to digest food, break down toxins, and fight off disease-causing microbes. Microbes are used commercially for many purposes, including making antibiotics, remediating oil spills, enhancing crop production, and producing biofuels.

Historically, microbiology focused on the study of individual species of organisms that could be grown in a laboratory and examined under a microscope, but most of the life-supporting activities of microbes are carried out by complex communities of microorganisms, and many cannot be grown in laboratory culture. Metagenomics will transform modern microbiology by giving scientists the tools to study entire communities of microbes -- the vast majority of which are likely to be previously unknown species that cannot be cultured -- and how they interact to perform such functions as balancing the atmosphere's composition, fighting disease, and supporting plant growth, the new report says.

"Metagenomics lets us see into the previously invisible microbial world, opening a frontier of science that was unimaginable until recently," said Jo Handelsman, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Professor, departments of plant
'"/>

Contact: William Kearney
news@nas.edu
202-334-2138
The National Academies
27-Mar-2007


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. AFCYBER holds science and technology symposium
2. News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
3. Neurosciences and music meet in Montreal
4. 47th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
5. News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
6. Nottingham biosciences million pound injection
7. News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
8. A novel molecular dictator with a conscience discovered
9. News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
10. Bulls-eye -- Programs targeting math, science teacher shortage may get boost
11. New ACS podcast debuts with science news for broad general audience

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/15/2016)... BADEN-BADEN, Germany , December 15, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... services provider, today announced an agreement with NuData Security, ... join forces. The partnership will enable clients to focus on ... with local data protection regulation. ... In order to provide a one-stop ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... Dec 15, 2016 ... Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... The report forecasts the global military biometrics market to ... The report has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis ... its growth prospects over the coming years. The report also includes a ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... Mich. , Dec. 15, 2016  There is ... car doors or starting the engine. Continental will demonstrate ... Las Vegas . Through the combination ... Start and Entry) and biometric elements, the international technology ... of vehicle personalization and authentication. "The integration ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... 2017  ArmaGen, Inc., today announced that it ... chief executive officer, as well as a member ... ArmaGen more than 17 years of executive management ... biotherapeutics and pharmaceuticals. "Mathias is ... and skillset necessary to lead ArmaGen to its ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... organization with services spanning the full spectrum of drug and device development, and ... services to pharma/device companies and clinicians, today announced Verified Clinical Trials ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... Opal Kelly, a leading ... PCI Express, announced the ZEM5310 USB 3.0 FPGA Module, combining a SuperSpeed USB ... sized form factor suitable for prototyping, testing, and production-ready integration. The ZEM5310 USB ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Executive search firm Slone Partners proudly supports ... the advancement of the clinical trials segment. Hosted in Miami, this conference brings ... and management. , As executive talent specialists in the industries central to ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: