HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New target for HIV/AIDS drugs and vaccine discovered

Researchers from Rome, Italy, describe a finding in the August 2007 print issue of The FASEB Journal that could lead to new drugs to fight the HIV/AIDS virus, as well as new vaccines to prevent infection. It has been known that HIV proteins disable the antibody-forming part of the immune system (the homeland defense or acquired immune system). In this report, researchers demonstrate for the first time how the HIV-1 Nef viral protein delivers a one-two punch to the bodys innate immune system (our early warning system composed of dendritic and natural killer cells). First, Nef hijacks dendritic cells (DCs) to upset the function of natural killer (NK) cells. Second, after blocking this first line of defense against the immune system, Nef uses DCs and NK cells to create a microenvironment that actually makes it easier for HIV/AIDS to replicate.

According to Maria Giovanna Quaranta of Instituto Superiore de Sanit and first author of the article, The findings described in this work may have several implications for AIDS treatment: the understanding of Nef function, mechanism of action, and cellular partners might aid the discovery of suitable drugs able to block the activity of this smart protein. Quaranta added, An exciting possibility is the design of a vaccine including a mutated Nef protein unable to assist the virus in the control of its host.

The research findings also raise another intriguing possibility: Nef proteins may be able to boost or suppress DC and NK cell activity. If so, it may prove to be a valuable new therapeutic approach for people with diseases and disorders that involve overactive or underactive immune responses. DCs and NK cells play critical roles in the bodys initial defense against infection. DCs are instrumental in identifying foreign invaders to the body and then orchestrating an immune response that ultimately removes them. NK cells are among the first cells summoned by DCs to help isolate and contain the infection un
'"/>

Contact: Cody Mooneyhan
cmooneyhan@faseb.org
301-634-7104
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
26-Jul-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Huntingtons disease study shows animal models on target
2. When off-target is right on
3. Genomic analysis uncovers new targets for HIV vaccine
4. Bulls-eye -- Programs targeting math, science teacher shortage may get boost
5. Scientists take next step in understanding potential target for ovarian cancer treatment
6. On target
7. New way to target and kill antibiotic-resistant bacteria found
8. Weill Cornell team identifies potential new cancer drug target
9. CSHL scientists successfully target tumor microenvironment to stop cancer growth
10. Sleep deprivation affects airport baggage screeners ability to detect rare targets
11. Genomic signatures identify targeted therapies for lung cancer

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/5/2017)... Allen Institute for Cell Science today announces the launch ... dynamic digital window into the human cell. The website ... deep learning to create predictive models of cell organization, ... suite of powerful tools. The Allen Cell Explorer will ... resources created and shared by the Allen Institute for ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... 30, 2017  On April 6-7, 2017, Sequencing.com will ... hackathon at Microsoft,s headquarters in ... focus on developing health and wellness apps that provide ... the Genome is the first hackathon for personal ... largest companies in the genomics, tech and health industries ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... N.Y. , March 27, 2017  Catholic ... Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) Analytics for ... EMR Adoption Model sm . In addition, CHS ... of U.S. hospitals using an electronic medical record ... for its high level of EMR usage in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/17/2017)... ... 17, 2017 , ... Panitch Schwarze Belisario & Nadel ... BiG (Biomedical Innovation Group) annual meeting in China. , This year’s meeting, held ... T-cell) therapy, a rapidly developing highly personalized anti-cancer technology that involves removing some ...
(Date:7/16/2017)... ... July 16, 2017 , ... ... analytical instruments announced the launch of its new line of Rocking and Waving ... and waving shaker models (both analog and digital) for laboratory applications in a ...
(Date:7/14/2017)... , ... July 14, 2017 , ... ... EMS company . Sonic Manufacturing Technologies has installed a solar system on its ... a three-year period,” the President of Sonic, Kenneth Raab stated. The company’s proud ...
(Date:7/14/2017)... Liege, Belgium/ Denville, USA/ Martinsried, Germany (PRWEB) , ... ... ... today announced a newly developed standardized solution for sample preparation of proteins to ... Kit) and the Diagenode Bioruptor® sonication system. , The PreOmics iST Kit ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: