HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
New view of cancer: 'Epigenetic' changes come before mutations

A Johns Hopkins researcher, with colleagues in Sweden and at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, suggests that the traditional view of cancer as a group of diseases with markedly different biological properties arising from a series of alterations within a cell's nuclear DNA may have to give way to a more complicated view. In the January issue of Nature Reviews Genetics, available online Dec. 21, he and his colleagues suggest that cancers instead begin with "epigenetic" alterations to stem cells.

"We're not contradicting the view that genetic changes occur in the development of cancers, but there also are epigenetic changes and those come first," says lead author Andrew Feinberg, M.D., M.P.H., King Fahd Professor of Medicine and director of the Center for Epigenetics in Common Human Disease at Johns Hopkins.

Cells affected by epigenetic changes look normal under a microscope at low levels of resolution, Feinberg says, "but if you look carefully at the genome, you find there are subtle changes." By tracking these changes, he suggests, doctors potentially could treat people before tumors develop in much the same way as cardiologists prescribe cholesterol-lowering drugs to help prevent heart disease.

Epigenetic changes -- those that don't affect the gene's sequence of DNA but change the gene in other ways -- influence a wide variety of human diseases, including cancer, birth defects and psychiatric conditions. Epigenetic alterations include the turning off or quieting of genes that normally suppress cancer and the turning on of oncogenes to produce proteins that set off malignant behavior.

Epigenetic changes are found in normal cells of patients with cancer and are associated with cancer risk, Feinberg notes.

As one example, in a study published in the Feb. 24, 2005, online version of Science, Feinberg and colleagues in the United States, Sweden and Japan reported that mice engineered to have a double dose of insulin-
'"/>

Contact: Joanna Downer
jdowner1@jhmi.edu
410-614-5105
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
21-Dec-2005


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Soy estrogens and breast cancer: Researcher offers overview
2. Finding a cure for cancer: The holy grail of science
3. Treatment disconnect in kidney cancer: Rising mortality despite more small tumors, more surgery
4. Getting ahead of cancer: SPECT/Spiral CT technology enhances bone scanning, earlier diagnosis
5. Diabetes and cancer: Alpha connection
6. Tobacco-related cancer: How does it happen?
7. Building a better mouse model of lung cancer: FHIT counts
8. Acute sleep deprivation leads to changes in nighttime urine production for men and women
9. Marine phytoplankton changes form to protect itself from different predators
10. ENCODE map changes view of the human genome landscape
11. Small-scale agricultural changes may help eradicate widespread disease

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: New view cancer Epigenetic changes come before mutations

(Date:8/19/2015)... HAUPPAUGE, N.Y. , Aug. 19, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... announced that it has entered into a Definitive ... intellectual property, of iris authentication market leader EyeLock ... transaction, VOXX will have a controlling interest in ... is subject to completion of due diligence.  Expanding ...
(Date:8/12/2015)... , Aug. 12, 2015   MedNet Solutions ... the entire spectrum of clinical research, is proud to ... the company,s comprehensive SaaS-based eClinical technology platform, has led ... the first two quarters of 2015.   Q2 2015 ... largest quarters measured by contract value sold in the ...
(Date:8/11/2015)... , August 11, 2015 Today, ZUK ... Already received as well as expected revenues in 2015 that relate ... FPC,s communicated revenue guidance of approximately 2,200 MSEK for 2015. ... is a prominent smartphone manufacturer in ... ZUK selected FPC1 155 for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):VOXX International Corporation Signs Definitive Agreement To Acquire The Assets And A Controlling Interest Of Biometric Leader EyeLock 2VOXX International Corporation Signs Definitive Agreement To Acquire The Assets And A Controlling Interest Of Biometric Leader EyeLock 3VOXX International Corporation Signs Definitive Agreement To Acquire The Assets And A Controlling Interest Of Biometric Leader EyeLock 4VOXX International Corporation Signs Definitive Agreement To Acquire The Assets And A Controlling Interest Of Biometric Leader EyeLock 5MedNet Solutions Experiences Explosive Corporate Growth 2FPC's Touch Fingerprint Sensor FPC1155 in ZUK's Smartphone Z1 2
(Date:8/26/2015)... ... August 26, 2015 , ... Lee ... in the development and manufacture of highly valued cardiac markers used in early ... extensive expertise with protein chemistry has led to the development and commercialization of ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... GERMANTOWN, Md. , Aug. 26, 2015 ... synthetic biology, announced today the closing of its previously ... in full by the underwriters of their option to ... the public offering price of $41.00 per share.  The ... of shares of common stock sold by Intrexon to ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... , August 26, 2015 After litigating ... Europlasma NV relating to P2i United States ... their dispute in the United States ... the part of either party. As a result of the ... of California dismissed the case without ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... ... 2015 , ... The 2015 Epigenomics & Metabolomics Meeting in Boston ... Asymmetrex to share the first report on progress with its crowdsourcing campaign designed ... tissue stem cells. , With a name like “H2A.Z asymmetry,” the new biomarker would ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Lee Biosolutions Announces Increased Investment in the Development and Manufacturing of Biomarkers Used in Early Detection Of Heart Disease 2Intrexon Announces Closing of $230 Million Public Offering of Common Stock including Full Exercise of Underwriters' Option to Purchase Additional Shares 2Intrexon Announces Closing of $230 Million Public Offering of Common Stock including Full Exercise of Underwriters' Option to Purchase Additional Shares 3Intrexon Announces Closing of $230 Million Public Offering of Common Stock including Full Exercise of Underwriters' Option to Purchase Additional Shares 4P2i Settles United States Litigation 2Asymmetrex Reports Positive Indicators for Crowdsourcing Campaign to Evaluate New Biomarker for Counting Adult Tissue Stem Cells for the First Time 2Asymmetrex Reports Positive Indicators for Crowdsourcing Campaign to Evaluate New Biomarker for Counting Adult Tissue Stem Cells for the First Time 3Asymmetrex Reports Positive Indicators for Crowdsourcing Campaign to Evaluate New Biomarker for Counting Adult Tissue Stem Cells for the First Time 4
Cached News: