HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Novel mechanism for DNA replication discovered

Since the discovery of the structure of DNA by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953, the paradigm for DNA replication has stated that the DNA itself codes for the appropriate pairings for replication. In other words, if a guanine base is on the original strand of DNA then its partner, a cytosine base, will pair to it on the replicated strand. In a study published in this week's issue of Science, researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine report on the first instance in which a protein, rather than the DNA, provides the coding information.

The study offers a specific mechanism by which cells cope with some of the most destructive carcinogens in the environment, including those in cigarette smoke. Many of these carcinogens preferentially damage DNA at guanine one of the four bases in DNA blocking, in some cases, the ability of the guanine to partner with cytosine, which can lead to mistakes during replication.

Aneel Aggarwal, PhD, and Deepak Nair, PhD, of the Department of Physiology and Biophysics at Mount Sinai School of Medicine and their colleagues at University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston discovered that a protein called Rev1 DNA polymerase itself codes for a cytosine to be placed on the replicating strand. The cytosine is inserted based upon the coding information in Rev1 regardless of whether a guanine or another base is present on the DNA.

"This is the first time we have seen a protein serving as a template for DNA synthesis," said Dr. Aggarwal. "This provides an entirely new mechanism by which cells can replicate through DNA damaged by certain carcinogens. It thus opens a novel area of study with the potential for innovative approaches to prevention and treatment of cancer."


'"/>

Contact: Mount Sinai Press Office
newsmedia@mssm.edu
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine
29-Sep-2005


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Novel sugar-to-hydrogen technology promises transportation fuel independence
2. Novel system developed to turn data into real-time, interactive 3-D images
3. Novel strategies for healthy aging
4. Novel salamander robot crawls its way up the evolutionary ladder
5. Novel test identifies lymphoma patients likely to respond to new therapy
6. Novel laboratory technique nudges genes into activity
7. Novel approaches to tackling obesity, cancer and MRSA
8. Novel approach to cancer drug given major boost
9. Novel regulation of the common tumor suppressor PTEN
10. Novel EGFR ectodomain mutations in glioblastoma
11. Novel regulatory mechanism identified for key tumor suppressor p53

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Novel mechanism for DNA replication discovered

(Date:8/29/2014)... Researchers at UC Davis have made some surprising ... infection. Studying simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), the team ... Paneth cells are early responders to viral invasion ... producing a cytokine called interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β). ... IL-1β causes breakdown of the gut epithelium that ...
(Date:8/29/2014)... at the Barshop Institute for Longevity and Aging Studies, ... Health Science Center at San Antonio, have found another ... rodent, the naked mole rat. , They reported ... rats protects and alters the activity of the proteasome, ... The factor also protects proteasome function in human, mouse ...
(Date:8/29/2014)... has been known about what genetic changes transform wild ... one of whom is a University of Montana assistant ... controlling the development of the brain and the nervous ... was published Aug. 28 in Science and ... at http://www.sciencemag.org/ ., The domestication of animals and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The early cost of HIV 2Factor in naked mole rat's cells enhances protein integrity 2New research reveals how wild rabbits were genetically transformed into tame rabbits 2New research reveals how wild rabbits were genetically transformed into tame rabbits 3
(Date:8/29/2014)... Inc. (NYSE MKT: PFNX), a clinical-stage biotechnology company ... to manufacture proteins including biosimilar therapeutics, today provided ... the second quarter ended June 30, 2014. ... public offering, we have the capital to continue ... our proprietary protein expression platform," stated Bertrand C. ...
(Date:8/29/2014)... electrons, but one of the most promising technologies for ... on light (photons) instead of electrons. First, it is ... single photons and control their direction. Researchers around the ... this control, but now scientists at the Niels Bohr ... photons emitted one at a time and in a ...
(Date:8/29/2014)... 29, 2014 The global companion ... in 2019. It is expected to grow at ... and was valued at $1.8 billion in 2013, ... Market Research. , For more information regarding analysis ... , The research report, titled “Companion Diagnostics Market ...
(Date:8/29/2014)... August 29, 2014 According to a new ... the global orthobiologics market was valued at USD 3,754.6 million ... USD 5,519.9million in 2019at a CAGR of 5.9% from 2013 ... years and above is afflicted by bone and joint disorders, ... year 2020. This has and will continue to increase the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Pfenex Reports Second Quarter 2014 Results and Provides Business Update 2Pfenex Reports Second Quarter 2014 Results and Provides Business Update 3Pfenex Reports Second Quarter 2014 Results and Provides Business Update 4Pfenex Reports Second Quarter 2014 Results and Provides Business Update 5Pfenex Reports Second Quarter 2014 Results and Provides Business Update 6Pfenex Reports Second Quarter 2014 Results and Provides Business Update 7Pfenex Reports Second Quarter 2014 Results and Provides Business Update 8Breakthrough in light sources for new quantum technology 2Companion Diagnostics Market to Hit $5.6 Billion in 2019: Transparency Market Research 2Companion Diagnostics Market to Hit $5.6 Billion in 2019: Transparency Market Research 3Global Orthobiologics Market to Reach $5,519.9 Million by 2019: Transparency Market Research 2Global Orthobiologics Market to Reach $5,519.9 Million by 2019: Transparency Market Research 3
Cached News: