HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Novel mechanism for DNA replication discovered

Since the discovery of the structure of DNA by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953, the paradigm for DNA replication has stated that the DNA itself codes for the appropriate pairings for replication. In other words, if a guanine base is on the original strand of DNA then its partner, a cytosine base, will pair to it on the replicated strand. In a study published in this week's issue of Science, researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine report on the first instance in which a protein, rather than the DNA, provides the coding information.

The study offers a specific mechanism by which cells cope with some of the most destructive carcinogens in the environment, including those in cigarette smoke. Many of these carcinogens preferentially damage DNA at guanine one of the four bases in DNA blocking, in some cases, the ability of the guanine to partner with cytosine, which can lead to mistakes during replication.

Aneel Aggarwal, PhD, and Deepak Nair, PhD, of the Department of Physiology and Biophysics at Mount Sinai School of Medicine and their colleagues at University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston discovered that a protein called Rev1 DNA polymerase itself codes for a cytosine to be placed on the replicating strand. The cytosine is inserted based upon the coding information in Rev1 regardless of whether a guanine or another base is present on the DNA.

"This is the first time we have seen a protein serving as a template for DNA synthesis," said Dr. Aggarwal. "This provides an entirely new mechanism by which cells can replicate through DNA damaged by certain carcinogens. It thus opens a novel area of study with the potential for innovative approaches to prevention and treatment of cancer."


'"/>

Contact: Mount Sinai Press Office
newsmedia@mssm.edu
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine
29-Sep-2005


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Novel sugar-to-hydrogen technology promises transportation fuel independence
2. Novel system developed to turn data into real-time, interactive 3-D images
3. Novel strategies for healthy aging
4. Novel salamander robot crawls its way up the evolutionary ladder
5. Novel test identifies lymphoma patients likely to respond to new therapy
6. Novel laboratory technique nudges genes into activity
7. Novel approaches to tackling obesity, cancer and MRSA
8. Novel approach to cancer drug given major boost
9. Novel regulation of the common tumor suppressor PTEN
10. Novel EGFR ectodomain mutations in glioblastoma
11. Novel regulatory mechanism identified for key tumor suppressor p53

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Novel mechanism for DNA replication discovered

(Date:11/4/2014)... nature, the right amount of death at the right ... according to new research that could help in understanding ... stocks. , In a paper in the journal ... researcher and European colleagues conclude that the kind of ... loss of individuals, or mortality, depends on the size ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... marketing directed at children on the interior and ... the majority of black, middle-income and rural communities ... Authored by Arizona State University researcher Punam Ohri-Vachaspati ... to examine the use of child-directed marketing on ... and its relationship to demographics. It adds to ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... , Nov. 4, 2014   Neurotechnology ... today announced that the latest version of its ... the Ongoing MINEX evaluation organized by ... fingerprint algorithms using the INCITS 378 fingerprint standard ... requirement in public tenders in the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):When less is more: Death in moderation boosts population density in nature 2Fast food marketing for children disproportionately affects certain communities 2Fast food marketing for children disproportionately affects certain communities 3Neurotechnology Places Second in Ongoing MINEX Ranking for Fingerprint Matching Algorithms 2Neurotechnology Places Second in Ongoing MINEX Ranking for Fingerprint Matching Algorithms 3
(Date:11/27/2014)... , Nov. 27, 2014 ... the "Global Palmitic Acid Industry Report 2014" ... The Global Palmitic Acid Industry ... the current state of the global palmitic acid industry. ... the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain ...
(Date:11/27/2014)... -- First articles published now available ... Elsevier , a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and ... the launch of a new journal: Extreme ... launch of Extreme Mechanics Letters is driven ... applied sciences such as micro and nanotechnologies, biotechnologies, soft ...
(Date:11/27/2014)... BELLINGHAM, Washington, and PITTSFIELD, Massachusetts, USA (PRWEB) November 26, ... pinpoint cancer cells with more accuracy, additive systems to ... improve highway safety by analyzing road conditions are among ... Awards for Photonics Innovation . The awards are sponsored ... photonics , and Photonics Media . , Winners ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... The report on the Global Smart Sensor Market ... for revenue forecasts and market trends. It expects the ... 2013 to 2018. At the projected rate, the market ... by 2018. , Browse through the Global Smart Sensor ... the market segmentation and in-depth analysis supported by a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Palmitic Acid Industry Report 2014 2Elsevier Announces the Launch of a New Journal: Extreme Mechanics Letters 2Elsevier Announces the Launch of a New Journal: Extreme Mechanics Letters 3Finalists Named for 2015 Prism Awards for Photonics Innovation 2Finalists Named for 2015 Prism Awards for Photonics Innovation 3Finalists Named for 2015 Prism Awards for Photonics Innovation 4Finalists Named for 2015 Prism Awards for Photonics Innovation 5Global Smart Sensor Market in Building Automation is expected to reach a value of $1,415.6 million by 2018 - Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2Global Smart Sensor Market in Building Automation is expected to reach a value of $1,415.6 million by 2018 - Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3Global Smart Sensor Market in Building Automation is expected to reach a value of $1,415.6 million by 2018 - Report by MicroMarket Monitor 4
Cached News: