HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Novel mechanism for DNA replication discovered

Since the discovery of the structure of DNA by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953, the paradigm for DNA replication has stated that the DNA itself codes for the appropriate pairings for replication. In other words, if a guanine base is on the original strand of DNA then its partner, a cytosine base, will pair to it on the replicated strand. In a study published in this week's issue of Science, researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine report on the first instance in which a protein, rather than the DNA, provides the coding information.

The study offers a specific mechanism by which cells cope with some of the most destructive carcinogens in the environment, including those in cigarette smoke. Many of these carcinogens preferentially damage DNA at guanine one of the four bases in DNA blocking, in some cases, the ability of the guanine to partner with cytosine, which can lead to mistakes during replication.

Aneel Aggarwal, PhD, and Deepak Nair, PhD, of the Department of Physiology and Biophysics at Mount Sinai School of Medicine and their colleagues at University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston discovered that a protein called Rev1 DNA polymerase itself codes for a cytosine to be placed on the replicating strand. The cytosine is inserted based upon the coding information in Rev1 regardless of whether a guanine or another base is present on the DNA.

"This is the first time we have seen a protein serving as a template for DNA synthesis," said Dr. Aggarwal. "This provides an entirely new mechanism by which cells can replicate through DNA damaged by certain carcinogens. It thus opens a novel area of study with the potential for innovative approaches to prevention and treatment of cancer."


'"/>

Contact: Mount Sinai Press Office
newsmedia@mssm.edu
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine
29-Sep-2005


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Novel sugar-to-hydrogen technology promises transportation fuel independence
2. Novel system developed to turn data into real-time, interactive 3-D images
3. Novel strategies for healthy aging
4. Novel salamander robot crawls its way up the evolutionary ladder
5. Novel test identifies lymphoma patients likely to respond to new therapy
6. Novel laboratory technique nudges genes into activity
7. Novel approaches to tackling obesity, cancer and MRSA
8. Novel approach to cancer drug given major boost
9. Novel regulation of the common tumor suppressor PTEN
10. Novel EGFR ectodomain mutations in glioblastoma
11. Novel regulatory mechanism identified for key tumor suppressor p53

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Novel mechanism for DNA replication discovered

(Date:7/31/2014)... The enormous conflagration known as the Rim Fire was ... among mature trees, when it entered the backcountry of ... August 2013. But inside the park, the battle began ... management decisions and drought can combine to fuel large, ... park, it eventually encountered lands where fire had been ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... LA Dr. Oren Tessler, Assistant Professor of Clinical ... of Medicine, is part of a team of plastic ... using a method to screen and select patients for ... of the patients who underwent this surgery to decompress ... got a bonus cosmetic eyelid surgery. The study, which ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... Hibiscus flowers- they are an iconic symbol of ... in the landscape. Some, like Hawaii,s State Flower- ... Only a relatively few botanists and Hawaiian conservation ... and intriguing related group of plants known as ... Brother of Hibiscus species are in fact highly ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The Rim Fire 1 year later: A natural experiment in fire ecology and management 2The Rim Fire 1 year later: A natural experiment in fire ecology and management 3The Rim Fire 1 year later: A natural experiment in fire ecology and management 4The Rim Fire 1 year later: A natural experiment in fire ecology and management 5Surgeons report significant migraine relief from cosmetic eyelid surgery technique 2Brother of Hibiscus is found alive and well on Maui 2
(Date:7/31/2014)... CollabRx, Inc. (NASDAQ: CLRX), a leading ... oncology, today announced that it will hold an investor ... Company's financial results for the first quarter of fiscal ... in the current fiscal year. , The dial-in number ... 14, 2014, at 5 p.m. EDT (2 p.m. PDT) ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... 2014 Senomyx , Inc. (NASDAQ: ... proprietary taste science technologies to discover, develop, and ... and ingredient supply industries, today reported financial results ... the second quarter with $33.6 million in cash ... the past quarter Senomyx achieved another important milestone ...
(Date:7/31/2014)...  Smith & Nephew (LSE:SN, NYSE: ... announced its entry into the forefoot market with ... System. Comprised of three separate repair options, the ... repair and reconstruction, a metatarsal osteotomy guide, and ... fusion, also known as hammer toe correction. ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... and SHENZHEN, China , July ... today the purchase of an Irys™System by ... selected BioNano,s platform to enable comprehensive exploration of human ... for various organisms of interest, including those where no ... together to develop new methods for multiplexing on the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:CollabRx, Inc. Schedules First Quarter Fiscal Year 2015 Financial Conference Call and Business Update 2SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 2SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 3SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 4SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 5SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 6SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 7SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 8SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 9SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 10SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 11SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 12SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 13SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 14SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 15SENOMYX ANNOUNCES CORPORATE UPDATE AND SECOND QUARTER 2014 FINANCIAL RESULTS 16Smith & Nephew scores a HAT-TRICK with its entry into the high-growth hammer toe repair market 2Smith & Nephew scores a HAT-TRICK with its entry into the high-growth hammer toe repair market 3Smith & Nephew scores a HAT-TRICK with its entry into the high-growth hammer toe repair market 4BioNano Genomics Announces the Purchase of the Irys System by BGI 2BioNano Genomics Announces the Purchase of the Irys System by BGI 3BioNano Genomics Announces the Purchase of the Irys System by BGI 4
Cached News: