HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
One-way processes speed degradation of coral reefs

Efforts to protect coral reefs should be refocused on terminating self-reinforcing processes that accelerate degradation of these biological marvels, according to a Forum article published in the November 2004 issue of BioScience. The article, by Charles Birkeland of the University of Hawaii at Manoa, blames a series of "ratchets"---destructive forces that are hard to reverse---for the failure of most current efforts to halt continuing losses.

Birkeland identifies seven ecological ratchets that seem to contribute to the loss of coral reefs, including a decrease of corals' reproductive success that may occur at lower population densities, the disproportionate survival of coral predators, and the ability of algae, which can prevent the establishment of new corals, to outgrow grazers. Birkeland also points to technological ratchets, economic ratchets, cultural ratchets, and conceptual ratchets.

Technological advances such as scuba, night lights, monofilament nets, and the global positioning system, for example, make it easier for fishers to pursue coral reef fishes.

Economic demand for rare and wild-caught fishes fosters investment in ever more sophisticated fishing equipment. And as expectations about coral reef productivity decrease, efforts to restore reefs are undermined. Birkeland proposes that organizations concerned about coral reefs should develop interventions that focus on preventing degradation, rather than on restoration. He also suggests that encouraging responsible stewardship would be easier if there were a return to local management of coral reef resources.

Journalists may obtain copies of the article, "Ratcheting Down the Coral Reefs," by contacting Donna Royston, AIBS communications representative. BioScience publishes commentary and peer-reviewed articles covering a wide range of biological fields, including ecology. The journal has been published since 1964. AIBS is an umbrella organization for professional scien
'"/>

Contact: Donna Royston
droyston@aibs.org
202-628-1500 ext. 261
American Institute of Biological Sciences
1-Nov-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. The UAB heads a European research project on proteases and pathological processes
2. A rainbow of methods promises insights into biological processes and diseases
3. Fruit fly gene research may shed light on human disease processes
4. UGA research shows rats are capable of reflecting on mental processes
5. Scientists uncover link between oceans chemical processes and microscopic floating plants
6. Elderlys ability to manage the cold may be due in part to some aging processes of the body
7. Intelligent software solutions to better understand biological processes
8. NYU biologists identify gene that coordinates two cellular processes
9. Protective action of a molecule in inflammatory processes discovered
10. Bioenergy - I: From concept to commercial processes
11. NSF awards 19 new projects to better undestand genetic processes in plants of economic importance

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: One way processes speed degradation coral reefs

(Date:7/28/2014)... Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard ... will be commercialized by a newly formed private ... and personalized medicine products. The announcement ... of Technology Development (OTD) and the start-up Emulate ... automated human Organs-on-Chips platform. , "This is ...
(Date:7/27/2014)... that nicotine and cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine, can ... in smoke. , The carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone or NNK is ... ends up in the tobacco smoke. Once inhaled, it ... is activated by a variety of enzymes called Cytochrome ... nicotine can partially interfere with the activation of NNK, ...
(Date:7/27/2014)... of mayfly in the southern Western Ghats, a mountain range ... the first time that any mayfly belonging to the genus ... The new species, called Labiobaetis soldani , "is named ... to the understanding of the Ephemeroptera of Palaearctic and Oriental ... the new mayfly in the Journal of Insect Science ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Wyss Institute's technology translation engine launches 'Organs-on-Chips' company 2Wyss Institute's technology translation engine launches 'Organs-on-Chips' company 3Nicotine found to inhibit DNA-strand break caused by a certain carcinogen in smoke 2
(Date:7/28/2014)... , July 28, 2014 Sapphire Energy, ... today announced the appointment of biotechnology veteran James ... board of directors. Levine replaces Cynthia ,CJ, Warner, who ... will remain chairman of the company,s board of directors. ... Energy,s mission to deliver commercial scale algae-based fuels has ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... 2014 “2014 Deep Research ... is a professional and in-depth research report ... report introduces Lubricant basic information, including Lubricant ... and industry overview. This research covers the ... as well as global industry analysis covering ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... Junction, MD (PRWEB) July 28, 2014 ... in personalized medicine, will be exhibiting data and research ... year’s International Spine Intervention Society’s (ISIS) 22nd ... 30th-August 3rd, at the Hyatt Regency, in Orlando, Florida. ... the knowledge and clinical competence of physicians who care ...
(Date:7/28/2014)...   JOLT , a leading technology accelerator, announced today ... portfolio of startups. Next-level tech and boundary-pushing innovation have ... accelerator, and Cohort four is no exception, with six ... its launch in July 2012, JOLT has produced 17 ... at 23 investments, JOLT,s portfolio has an overall mix ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Sapphire Energy Announces New CEO James Levine 2Sapphire Energy Announces New CEO James Levine 3Lubricant Market & Adhesion Promoter Industry (Globa, China) Analysis Now Available at DeepResearchReports.com 2Lubricant Market & Adhesion Promoter Industry (Globa, China) Analysis Now Available at DeepResearchReports.com 3Lubricant Market & Adhesion Promoter Industry (Globa, China) Analysis Now Available at DeepResearchReports.com 4Proove Biosciences Exhibits Industry Leading Data and Research at International Spine Intervention Society’s 22nd Annual Scientific Meeting 2JOLT Announces the Next 6 Startups to Join its Summer 2014 Cohort 2JOLT Announces the Next 6 Startups to Join its Summer 2014 Cohort 3
Cached News: