Other highlights in the January 4 JNCI

Virus-Drug Combination May Have Synergistic Effect Against Glioblastoma
A new study has found that a cancer drug and an engineered form of the herpes simplex virus may work together more effectively than either agent alone to destroy glioblastoma cells from human brain cancers.

The drug temozolomide, which stops tumor growth by preventing DNA replication in the cell, was approved in 2005 for the treatment of glioblastoma, a rapidly fatal type of brain cancer. However, some glioblastomas do not completely respond to this drug because the cancer cells repair DNA damage induced by the drug before the damage forces the cell to die.

Manish Aghi, M.D., Ph.D., of the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, and colleagues paired temozolomide with an oncolytic, or cancer killing, genetically engineered form of the herpes simplex virus called G207. They tested both agents together and separately in cancer cells and in mice with gliomas. Their laboratory studies on human cancer cells found that the virus and the drug act synergistically in cancer cells to promote cell death. Mice with brain gliomas treated with both the virus and the drug survived more than twice as long as those treated with either agent alone.

"Glioma treatment with temozolomide and G207, possibly giving temozolomide before inoculating virus during surgery to take advantage of temozolomide-induced DNA repair in residual glioma cells, warrants a clinical trial," the authors conclude.

Contact: Manish Aghi, Massachusetts General Hospital, 617-840-5111, maghi@partners.org

Autoimmune Disorders Associated with Risk of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
A new study confirms that certain autoimmune and inflammatory disorders are associated with an increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), a type of cancer that occurs in the lymphatic system. The study also examines the association between these disorde

Contact: Ariel Whitworth
Journal of the National Cancer Institute

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Related biology news :

1. Other highlights in the Aug. 7 JNCI
2. Other highlights in the July 24 JNCI
3. Other highlights from the July 10 JNCI
4. Other highlights in JNCI, June 26
5. Other highlights in JNCI, June 12
6. Other highlights from the June 6 JNCI
7. Other highlights in the May 16 JNCI
8. Other highlights from the April 18 Journal of the National Cancer Institute
9. Other highlights from the March 21 JNCI
10. Other highlights in the March 7 JNCI
11. Other highlights in the Feb. 21 JNCI

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