Penn leads $4 million grant to study gene-environment interactions in lung cancer

PHILADELPHIA - The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, in association with Pennsylvania State University Medical College and Lincoln University, has received $4.2 million to study gene-environment interactions that increase the risk of lung cancer in African American and Caucasian smokers and non-smokers. The funds were awarded from Pennsylvanias share of the national tobacco settlement for 2006-2007.

The award, which was announced by Governor Rendell last month, will fund the establishment of a Center for Gene-Environment Interactions in Lung Cancer directed by Steve Whitehead, PhD, Professor of Pharmacology. The study will be conducted under the Gene-Environment Initiative of Penns Center of Excellence in Environmental Toxicology (CEET), directed by Trevor M. Penning, PhD.

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the adult U.S. population. This year alone 174,500 new cases of lung cancer will be diagnosed and almost as many deaths will result, notes Penning. Eighty-five to ninety percent of all lung cancer is seen in individuals who smoke cigarettes, yet only ten-percent of those who smoke will succumb to the disease. These statistics suggest that a significant gene-environment interaction exists.

Cigarette smoke contains two major classes of cancer-causing chemicals: those derived from nicotine and those derived from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). PAHs are also produced by burning fossil fuels and are ubiquitous environmental pollutants. PAHs are present in soot that is found at relatively high concentrations in the air we breathe in urban environments, explains Penning. Exposure to environmental PAHs may also account for lung-cancer incidence in people who have never smoked.

The researchers aim to enroll and compare 600 lung-cancer patients from Philadelphia, which has high concentrations of air pollutants, and 600 patients from Hershey, Pa., which has comparatively unpolluted air. In

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Acute sleep deprivation leads to changes in nighttime urine production for men and women
2. Biodesign Institute leads innovative project to prevent cancer
3. Screening approach leads to discovery of gene linked to breast cancer
4. Alcohol use during pregnancy leads to greater risk of extreme preterm delivery
5. Study of unexplained respiratory infections leads researchers to new virus
6. FSU leads botanical research into 21st century: Deep South Plant Specimen Imaging Project
7. Old dinosaur research leads to new honor
8. Long-term marijuana smoking leads to respiratory complaints
9. Trusting your instincts leads you to the right answer
10. Childrens Hospital researcher leads multipronged attack on infant leukemia
11. How brain injury leads to seizures, memory problems

Post Your Comments:

(Date:4/24/2017)... , April 24, 2017 Janice ... partner with  Identity Strategy Partners, LLP (IdSP) , ... or without President Trump,s March 6, 2017 ... Entry , refugee vetting can be instilled with greater ... (Right now, all refugee applications are suspended by ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... PUNE, India , April 13, 2017 According ... Identity Proofing, Identity Authentication, Identity Analytics, Identity Administration, and Authorization), Service, Authentication ... by MarketsandMarkets™, the IAM Market is expected to grow from USD 14.30 ... Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 17.3%. ... ...
(Date:4/6/2017)... April 6, 2017 Forecasts by ... Document Readers, by End-Use (Transportation & Logistics, Government & ... Gas & Fossil Generation Facility, Nuclear Power), Industrial, Retail, ... Are you looking for a definitive report ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/9/2017)... ... October 09, 2017 , ... The award-winning American Farmer television series will ... American Farmer airs Tuesdays at 8:30aET on RFD-TV. , With global population estimates ... of how to continue to feed a growing nation. At the same time, many ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... , ... October 09, 2017 ... ... on October 5, 2017, in the medical journal, Epilepsia, Brain Sentinel’s SPEAC® ... gold standard, video EEG, in detecting generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) using surface ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... Mass. , Oct. 6, 2017  The ... work of three scientists, Jacques Dubochet, Joachim ... breakthrough developments in cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) ... technology within the structural biology community. The winners ... Scientists can now routinely produce highly resolved, three-dimensional ...
(Date:10/5/2017)... ... October 05, 2017 , ... LabRoots , the leading provider ... the world, is giving back to cancer research with a month-long promotion supporting the ... through October 31, shoppers can use promo code PinkRibbon to get 10 percent off ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: