HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Penn researchers determine structure of binding site of colon-cancer drug and its protein target

(Philadelphia, PA) Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have determined the precise molecular details of how Erbitux, a recently approved colorectal cancer drug, binds to its target on cancer cells. Knowing this chemical configuration will lead to better drug design for this family of cancer medications.

Colorectal cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers in men and women, as well as the second-leading cause of cancer-related death, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Erbitux works by binding to a protein on the surface of cancer cells, thereby halting excessive cell growth that leads to tumors. Kate Ferguson, PhD, Assistant Professor of Physiology, and colleagues, describe their findings in the April cover article of Cancer Cell.

"By having determined the structure of Erbitux bound to its cellular target receptor, we get new insight into how the drug blocks the receptor's cell growth-promoting activities, and can use this to guide future drug design," says Ferguson.

As is characteristic of many epithelial cancers such as cancers of the head and neck, breast, ovary, lung, and pancreas the surface of cancer cells possess abnormally high levels of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), the protein that interacts with Erbitux. These receptors are made up of three parts: one outside the cell; another passing through the cell membrane; and the third inside the cell. In a cancer cell, an extracellular hormone binds to the outer piece of EGFR, and causes the inside part to kick off a series of reactions that signal the cancerous cell to replicate and divide.

Ferguson and colleagues determined that Erbitux works to halt cell proliferation by blocking EGFR's molecular doorway, disallowing hormones to bind and signal tumor growth. X-ray crystallography provided a snapshot of the interaction between Erbitux and the extracellular component of the cancer cell's receptors. '"/>

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
18-Apr-2005


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Innovative tagging technique may help researchers better protect fish stocks
2. Penn researchers discover how key protein stops inflammation
3. ASU researchers partner with UOP to make biofuel for military jets a reality
4. Einstein researchers prototype vaccine could provide improved protection against tuberculosis
5. Penn researchers discover pathway that eliminates genetic defects in red blood cells
6. U-M researchers find family of on switches that cause prostate cancer
7. 2007 EURYI: 20 young researchers to receive Nobel Prize-sized awards for breakthrough ideas
8. Pets could be source of multiresistant bacteria infections in humans, MU researchers investigate
9. MGH researchers confirm that bone marrow restores fertility in female mice
10. Smithsonians National Zoo researchers use electronic eggs to help save threatened species
11. U-M researchers identify gene involved in breast cancer

Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/4/2014)... 2014   Neurotechnology , a provider of ... latest version of its fingerprint matching algorithm has ... evaluation organized by NIST. The MINEX test ... INCITS 378 fingerprint standard template format. MINEX compliance ... in the United States ...
(Date:11/3/2014)... , Nov. 3, 2014  NeuroSigma ® ... -based life sciences company focused on commercialization of ... for the treatment of neurological and neuropsychiatric ... Industrial Property has issued a Notice of Allowance ... application is co-owned by NeuroSigma and the Regents ...
(Date:11/2/2014)... a bold quest to rid the world entirely of ... an award of US$156 million to PATH to support ... vaccines that will interrupt the cycle of malaria parasite ... Such vaccines would ensure that parasite reintroduction is prevented ... net." , This approach to developing malaria vaccines ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Neurotechnology Places Second in Ongoing MINEX Ranking for Fingerprint Matching Algorithms 2Neurotechnology Places Second in Ongoing MINEX Ranking for Fingerprint Matching Algorithms 3NeuroSigma Receives Notice of Allowance from the Mexican Institute of Industrial Property Covering Subcutaneous Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation (sTNS) 2NeuroSigma Receives Notice of Allowance from the Mexican Institute of Industrial Property Covering Subcutaneous Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation (sTNS) 3New malaria vaccines to prevent infection and block transmission get a shot in the arm 2New malaria vaccines to prevent infection and block transmission get a shot in the arm 3New malaria vaccines to prevent infection and block transmission get a shot in the arm 4
(Date:11/26/2014)... The ETC (Emerging Technology Centers) ... announced today that applications for AccelerateBaltimore™ (AB) 2015 ... you have a big idea?,” asked ETC’s President ... about it. AccelerateBaltimore helps you and your big ... 13 weeks.” Interested game changers with “big ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... SonaCare Medical, a leading manufacturer of ... participated in the American Urology Association’s (AUA) surgical ... opinion leaders in urology presented on the latest ... masses while attendees had the opportunity to evaluate ... labs. Attendees at the Los Angeles, CA lab, ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... November 25, 2014 The Pittcon marketing ... official conference and exposition mobile app, ... download in the App Store for iOS and Android ... resource tool before, during and after the event. It ... on exhibiting companies, technical sessions, Conferee Networking sessions and ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... 26, 2014 SoundConnect , an ... proud to announce that Darren Suders has joined the ... Darren will drive the partner program through ... , Darren brings more than 10-years of ... roles in channel operations, from policy development, to partner ...
Breaking Biology Technology:AccelerateBaltimore Applications to Close in 6 Days 2AccelerateBaltimore Applications to Close in 6 Days 3SonaCare Medical Supports American Urology Association’s Small Renal Mass 360° Summit 2SonaCare Medical Supports American Urology Association’s Small Renal Mass 360° Summit 3Pittcon Releases 2015 Mobile App 2SoundConnect Appoints Director of Channel Development & Sales 2
Cached News: