HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Plants respond similarly to signals from friends, enemies

Two soil-dwelling strangers a friend and a foe approach a plant and communicate with it in order to enter a partnership. The friend wants to trade nitrogen for food. The foe is a parasite that wants to burrow in and harm the plant.

In a new finding published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers at North Carolina State University have found that the two strangers communicate with the plant in very similar ways. The plant's responses to both friend and foe are also remarkably similar.

Using high-tech microscopy and florescent imaging techniques that allow for real-time, three-dimensional study in living cells over time, the NC State researchers discovered that the model legume Lotus japonicus responded similarly to signals from both rhizobia, the friends that fix nitrogen for the plant, and root-knot nematodes, the parasitic foes that want to harm the plant. Signals from both outsiders induce rapid changes in distribution of the plant's cytoskeleton, which is part of a pathway that leads to a series of growth changes that include the formation of either nodules housing bacteria or giant cells from which the nematodes feed.

The scientists also discovered that, like rhizobia and contrary to popular belief, the root-knot nematode signals plants from a distance and therefore does not need to attach itself to the plant to elicit a response.

When the researchers studied L. japonicus plants missing the receptors that receive signals from other organisms certain genes in the plant were modified to accomplish this they discovered that the plants failed to respond to signals from both friend and foe, and therefore no changes were viewed in the plant's cytoskeleton.

"This exquisite system that plants have developed to allow beneficial interactions with other organisms like rhizobia is being exploited by nematodes," says Dr. David Bird, associate professor of plant pathology, co-director of NC State's Center
'"/>


22-Feb-2005


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Plants recognize their siblings, biologists discover
2. Plants that produce more vitamin C may result from UCLA-Dartmouth discovery
3. Plants tag insect herbivores with an alarm
4. Plants with male and bisexual flowers on the same plant are better mothers
5. Plants do not emit methane
6. Plants management of nutrient suggests environmental remedies
7. Plants point the way to coping with climate change
8. Plants, plasmids and possibilities -- Methods permit functional gene studies in plants
9. Plants give up answers in the war on bacteria
10. Plants tell caterpillars when its safe to forage
11. Plants role in global warming re-examined in ORNL Science paper

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/20/2016)... , Dec. 20, 2016 The ... sharing, rental and leasing is stoking significant interest ... radio frequency technology, Bluetooth low energy (BLE), biometrics ... as the next wave of wireless technologies in ... access system to advanced access systems opens the ...
(Date:12/16/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has announced the ... Forecast to 2021" report to their offering. ... The biometric vehicle access system ... CAGR of 14.06% from 2016 to 2021. The market is estimated ... reach 854.8 Million by 2021. The growth of the biometric vehicle ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... 2016 ... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... The report forecasts the global military biometrics market to grow at ... report has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs ... prospects over the coming years. The report also includes a discussion of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/16/2017)... ... January 16, 2017 , ... ... prestigious Tibbetts Award from the U.S. Small Business Administration. The Tibbetts ... significant economic or social impact […] and are considered the best of the ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... ... a CAGR of 16.83% during the period 2017-2021. The ... biopolymers market for 2017-2021. To calculate the market size, the report considers ... report also includes a a discussion of the key vendors operating in ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Each year, Crain’s Detroit Business News ranks the most innovative ... patent estate of a company, its impact and significance, and the likelihood of bringing ... in technologies that transform energy sources such as low dose X-ray and convert them ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... , Jan. 12, 2017   Protein Sciences ... maker of Flublok Influenza Vaccine ®, announced ... candidate had good safety results and induced strong ... studies. The product is expected to advance into ... In addition, the Institute of Technology in Immunobiologicals ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: