HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Plants respond similarly to signals from friends, enemies

Two soil-dwelling strangers a friend and a foe approach a plant and communicate with it in order to enter a partnership. The friend wants to trade nitrogen for food. The foe is a parasite that wants to burrow in and harm the plant.

In a new finding published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers at North Carolina State University have found that the two strangers communicate with the plant in very similar ways. The plant's responses to both friend and foe are also remarkably similar.

Using high-tech microscopy and florescent imaging techniques that allow for real-time, three-dimensional study in living cells over time, the NC State researchers discovered that the model legume Lotus japonicus responded similarly to signals from both rhizobia, the friends that fix nitrogen for the plant, and root-knot nematodes, the parasitic foes that want to harm the plant. Signals from both outsiders induce rapid changes in distribution of the plant's cytoskeleton, which is part of a pathway that leads to a series of growth changes that include the formation of either nodules housing bacteria or giant cells from which the nematodes feed.

The scientists also discovered that, like rhizobia and contrary to popular belief, the root-knot nematode signals plants from a distance and therefore does not need to attach itself to the plant to elicit a response.

When the researchers studied L. japonicus plants missing the receptors that receive signals from other organisms certain genes in the plant were modified to accomplish this they discovered that the plants failed to respond to signals from both friend and foe, and therefore no changes were viewed in the plant's cytoskeleton.

"This exquisite system that plants have developed to allow beneficial interactions with other organisms like rhizobia is being exploited by nematodes," says Dr. David Bird, associate professor of plant pathology, co-director of NC State's Center
'"/>


22-Feb-2005


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Plants recognize their siblings, biologists discover
2. Plants that produce more vitamin C may result from UCLA-Dartmouth discovery
3. Plants tag insect herbivores with an alarm
4. Plants with male and bisexual flowers on the same plant are better mothers
5. Plants do not emit methane
6. Plants management of nutrient suggests environmental remedies
7. Plants point the way to coping with climate change
8. Plants, plasmids and possibilities -- Methods permit functional gene studies in plants
9. Plants give up answers in the war on bacteria
10. Plants tell caterpillars when its safe to forage
11. Plants role in global warming re-examined in ORNL Science paper

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Plants respond similarly signals from friends enemies

(Date:8/21/2014)... of the water window? It consists of radiations in ... absorbed by the water in biological tissues. New theoretical ... radiations within the water window. These could be the ... image of the biological samples or to be used ... the physical mechanism needed to efficiently generate the harmonic ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... tube connectors, designed by an international standards process, will ... According to an invited review published in the OnlineFirst ... NCP ), the official journal of the American Society ... will greatly reduce the occurrence of misconnection that can ... connectors, which are used to join medical devices, components, ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... from North Carolina State University have developed a novel ... model has applications for creating new materials as well ... "Our new technique allows us to model much larger ... much more quickly," says Nan Li, lead author of ... in NC State,s Department of Materials Science and Engineering. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Water window imaging opportunity 2New feeding tube connectors will improve patient safety 2Researchers develop models to study polyelectrolytes, including DNA and RNA 2
(Date:8/22/2014)... Dallas, Texas (PRWEB) August 22, 2014 ... professional and in-depth study on the current state of ... The report provides a basic overview of the industry, ... analysis and Chinese domestic market analysis are provided with ... of the market. A comparison between the international and ...
(Date:8/22/2014)... The identification of protein-coding variants underlying ... by exome sequencing. Built on Roche NimbleGen’s proprietary ... EZ Developer system has been a proven tool ... present how he achieved coverage statistics similar to ... exome kits. With over 236,000 SNPs and over ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... team including DESY scientists has observed tiny quantum vortices ... in the journal Science that the exotic ... nanodroplets. It is the first time that the quantum ... of what is known as superfluid helium, have been ... expectations," says Andrey Vilesov of the University of Southern ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... N.Y. (PRWEB) August 21, 2014 The ... the first private college in the Mid-Hudson Region to ... will now begin accepting applications from qualified “high-technology” businesses ... “We are very pleased to have been selected for ... Governor Cuomo’s transformative initiative to stimulate economic development in ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Diabetes Drugs Industry Growth Analysis in Global, China Regions Research Report Available at DeepResearchReports.com 2Diabetes Drugs Industry Growth Analysis in Global, China Regions Research Report Available at DeepResearchReports.com 3Efficient Identification of Protein-Coding Variants in a Model Organism Through Exome Sequencing, New Webinar Hosted by Xtalks 2Scientists observe quantum vortices in cold helium droplets 2The College of New Rochelle Becomes First Private College in Mid-Hudson Region to Earn START-UP NY Designation 2The College of New Rochelle Becomes First Private College in Mid-Hudson Region to Earn START-UP NY Designation 3
Cached News: