HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Plants tag insect herbivores with an alarm

e U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service in Gainesville, Florida, led a research team that spent three years systematically analyzing the biochemical response of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), a legume, to herbivory and oral secretions of fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), a general crop pest. During the extensive project, the researchers conducted over 10,000 leaf bioassays, testing for plant phytohormone production after exposure to successively fractionated insect oral secretions, among other experiments. Painstakingly collected just a few microliters at a time, the team tested approximately one full liter of caterpillar secretions.

As previously reported, the scientists identified and isolated an 11 amino acid peptide, inceptin, that plays a pivotal warning role in cowpea plants being attacked by the fall armyworm. Inceptin is part of a larger, essential enzyme, chloroplastic ATP synthase, in plants. When the fall armyworm feeds on cowpea, the insect ingests ATP synthase and breaks it down, releasing inceptin, which then becomes part of the armyworm's oral secretions. When the worm next feeds on cowpea, trace amounts of inceptin recontact the wounded leaf and alerts plants to generate a burst of defensive phytohormones.

In the June issue of Plant Physiology, Schmelz and his USDA collaborators, including Sherry LeClere, Mark Carroll, Hans Alborn, and Peter Teal, take the analysis further. They confirm inceptin's role as the dominant (and most stable) peptide in the cowpea's defense to fall armyworm. In addition, the researchers identify two related but less abundant peptide fragments (Vu-GE+In and Vu-E+In) that provoke similar defense responses in cowpea and a third (Vu-In-A) with no apparent effect. They also show that inceptin-related peptides spark a consistent, sequential cascade of phytohormone increases in cowpea, beginning with jasmonic acid, followed by ethylene and, lastly, salicyclic acid. Finally, the rese
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Eric Schmelz
Eric.Schmelz@ARS.USDA.GOV
352-374-5858
American Society of Plant Biologists
9-May-2007


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Plants recognize their siblings, biologists discover
2. Plants that produce more vitamin C may result from UCLA-Dartmouth discovery
3. Plants with male and bisexual flowers on the same plant are better mothers
4. Plants do not emit methane
5. Plants management of nutrient suggests environmental remedies
6. Plants point the way to coping with climate change
7. Plants, plasmids and possibilities -- Methods permit functional gene studies in plants
8. Plants give up answers in the war on bacteria
9. Plants tell caterpillars when its safe to forage
10. Plants role in global warming re-examined in ORNL Science paper
11. Hold your breath; Plants may absorb less carbon dioxide than we thought

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Plants tag insect herbivores with alarm

(Date:4/8/2015)... CHARLOTTE, N.C. , April 8, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... technology solutions and services, and Morpho, a leading ... in partnership to produce the market,s most advanced ... Infinisource,s iSolved NXG time clock is setting ... attendance and labor data for the small and ...
(Date:4/2/2015)... Sweden , April 2, 2015 ... its touch fingerprint sensor FPC1025 from the distributor World ... will commence during Q2 2015 although the major part ... The sensors will be used by smartphone manufacturers in ... 110 MSEK is included in the communicated revenue guidance ...
(Date:3/30/2015)... 2015 Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/lc9bnl/global_gesture ... Gesture Recognition Market in Automotive Sector 2014-2018" report ... Global Gesture Recognition market in Automotive Sector to grow ... Gesture recognition is the ability of a ... an individual. Gesture recognition technology can be 2D-based or ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):iSolved Time Clock Offers Unmatched Accuracy due to Morpho Biometrics 2iSolved Time Clock Offers Unmatched Accuracy due to Morpho Biometrics 3Fingerprint Cards Receives Touch Fingerprint Sensor Order of SEK 110 Million 2Global Gesture Recognition Market in Automotive Sector Report 2015 - Growing Number of Partnerships 2
(Date:4/23/2015)... , April 23, 2015  Cryoport, Inc. (OTCBB: ... logistics solutions for the life sciences industry, today ... cryogenic logistics solutions within the animal husbandry market ... Farms to support the shipment of equine semen ... horse Stallions. Animal husbandry is ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... -- Metanome, Inc., an industry leader in comprehensive microbiome ... name to Diversigen, Inc.  The name was changed ... source for the myriad of services and expertise ... of the microbiome.  From the wide diversity in ... that are difficult to handle, such as low ...
(Date:4/22/2015)...  The Heinz Family Foundation today announced the ... which will present unrestricted cash awards totaling $1.25 ... and determination in finding solutions to critical issues ... recipients include a prolific cartoonist whose quirky characters ... relationships; two former Marines who are re-engaging veterans ...
(Date:4/22/2015)... , April 22, 2015 Steep ... analytics, announced today that it has opened an ... continued growth and expansion.  The common stock investment ... Section 506(c), a law intended to encourage funding ... Prior to 506(c), small businesses largely relied on ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Cryoport to Support the Equine Animal Husbandry Market Through Agreement with Yancey Farms 2Cryoport to Support the Equine Animal Husbandry Market Through Agreement with Yancey Farms 3Metanome Announces Corporate Name Change to Diversigen 2From a Scientist Who Develops Human Microlivers to a New Yorker Cartoonist Who Masterfully Depicts the Humor and Heartbreak of Everyday Life: The 20th Heinz Awards Honors Six Changemakers 2From a Scientist Who Develops Human Microlivers to a New Yorker Cartoonist Who Masterfully Depicts the Humor and Heartbreak of Everyday Life: The 20th Heinz Awards Honors Six Changemakers 3From a Scientist Who Develops Human Microlivers to a New Yorker Cartoonist Who Masterfully Depicts the Humor and Heartbreak of Everyday Life: The 20th Heinz Awards Honors Six Changemakers 4From a Scientist Who Develops Human Microlivers to a New Yorker Cartoonist Who Masterfully Depicts the Humor and Heartbreak of Everyday Life: The 20th Heinz Awards Honors Six Changemakers 5From a Scientist Who Develops Human Microlivers to a New Yorker Cartoonist Who Masterfully Depicts the Humor and Heartbreak of Everyday Life: The 20th Heinz Awards Honors Six Changemakers 6Steep Hill Launches $5M Limited Stock Offering 2Steep Hill Launches $5M Limited Stock Offering 3
Cached News: