Plants tag insect herbivores with an alarm

e U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service in Gainesville, Florida, led a research team that spent three years systematically analyzing the biochemical response of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), a legume, to herbivory and oral secretions of fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), a general crop pest. During the extensive project, the researchers conducted over 10,000 leaf bioassays, testing for plant phytohormone production after exposure to successively fractionated insect oral secretions, among other experiments. Painstakingly collected just a few microliters at a time, the team tested approximately one full liter of caterpillar secretions.

As previously reported, the scientists identified and isolated an 11 amino acid peptide, inceptin, that plays a pivotal warning role in cowpea plants being attacked by the fall armyworm. Inceptin is part of a larger, essential enzyme, chloroplastic ATP synthase, in plants. When the fall armyworm feeds on cowpea, the insect ingests ATP synthase and breaks it down, releasing inceptin, which then becomes part of the armyworm's oral secretions. When the worm next feeds on cowpea, trace amounts of inceptin recontact the wounded leaf and alerts plants to generate a burst of defensive phytohormones.

In the June issue of Plant Physiology, Schmelz and his USDA collaborators, including Sherry LeClere, Mark Carroll, Hans Alborn, and Peter Teal, take the analysis further. They confirm inceptin's role as the dominant (and most stable) peptide in the cowpea's defense to fall armyworm. In addition, the researchers identify two related but less abundant peptide fragments (Vu-GE+In and Vu-E+In) that provoke similar defense responses in cowpea and a third (Vu-In-A) with no apparent effect. They also show that inceptin-related peptides spark a consistent, sequential cascade of phytohormone increases in cowpea, beginning with jasmonic acid, followed by ethylene and, lastly, salicyclic acid. Finally, the rese

Contact: Dr. Eric Schmelz
American Society of Plant Biologists

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Plants recognize their siblings, biologists discover
2. Plants that produce more vitamin C may result from UCLA-Dartmouth discovery
3. Plants with male and bisexual flowers on the same plant are better mothers
4. Plants do not emit methane
5. Plants management of nutrient suggests environmental remedies
6. Plants point the way to coping with climate change
7. Plants, plasmids and possibilities -- Methods permit functional gene studies in plants
8. Plants give up answers in the war on bacteria
9. Plants tell caterpillars when its safe to forage
10. Plants role in global warming re-examined in ORNL Science paper
11. Hold your breath; Plants may absorb less carbon dioxide than we thought

Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/16/2015)... Nov 16, 2015  Synaptics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... solutions, today announced expansion of its TDDI product ... touch controller and display driver integration (TDDI) solutions ... These new TDDI products add to the previously-announced ... TD4302 (WQHD resolution), and TD4322 (FHD resolution) solutions. ...
(Date:11/10/2015)... , Nov. 10, 2015  In this ... the basis of product, type, application, disease ... in this report are consumables, services, software. ... are safety biomarkers, efficacy biomarkers, and validation ... report are diagnostics development, drug discovery and ...
(Date:11/2/2015)...  SRI International has been awarded a contract of ... to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) PREVENT Cancer Program ... modern testing and support facilities, and analytical instrumentation to ... studies to evaluate potential cancer prevention drugs. ... Drug Development Program is an NCI-supported pipeline to bring ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... Today the Allen Institute announced the opening of its ... Lake Union neighborhood, the city,s biotechnology hub. Located on ... North, the 270,000 square foot life sciences building is ... the Allen Institute for Cell Science. Paul ... Institute. "We started by building a map of the ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... Dec. 1, 2015 Oxford Finance LLC ("Oxford"), ... life sciences and healthcare services companies, today announced the ... with MDRejuvena, Inc. ("the Company"). Proceeds from the loan ... of the Company,s Rejuvaphyl™ and daily skincare products. ... the MDRejuvena brand of high potency skincare products that ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... (AFM) announces Park NX10 SICM Module, an add-on scanning ion conductance microscopy module ... power of SICM to an AFM. , Park SICM benefits virtually all materials ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... Cepheid (Nasdaq: CPHD ) today announced ... Jaffray Healthcare Conference in New York City ... its outlook for the fourth quarter of 2015 and ... longer term business model expectations. John Bishop ... to be the fastest growing company of the major ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: